Presentation on theme: "2600 years ago a Hindu named Siddhartha Gautama from the Shakya people of today’s Nepal and northern India broke away from Hinduism and founded his own."— Presentation transcript:
2600 years ago a Hindu named Siddhartha Gautama from the Shakya people of today’s Nepal and northern India broke away from Hinduism and founded his own religion. Siddhartha was trying to find a path to moksha (liberation) that worked for him. He practiced both Hinduism and then Jainism (another Indian religion) and eventually decided that neither was for him. After a long period of meditation by himself, Siddhartha constructed a set of beliefs and practices that today form the core of Buddhism, the world’s 4 th largest religion.
Siddhartha placed a strong emphasis on direct observation & investigation through the practice of examining your own mind through meditation. Meditation is the practice of calming oneself, & through direct observation learning about how our minds work. Foundation in observation, not holy scriptures = Buddhism is strongly philosophical. While Hinduism has a belief in the god Brahman, Siddhartha himself never confirmed nor denied the existence of a god. – some people to mistakenly call Buddhism atheistic.
Today there are many types of Buddhism found in many countries around the world. Buddhism spread out from India (where today it is not very popular) and into other countries first in Asia and later further abroad.
Along the way Buddhism encountered other religions that have influenced it: Tibet – encountered Bon and turned into Tibetan Buddhism or Vajrayana China – influenced by Taoism and formed Chan Buddhism Korea & Japan – Chinese Chan Buddhism moved east into where it became known as Zen Buddhism Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Cambodia – practice Theravada Buddhism, probably the closest to the original taught by Siddhartha
Beliefs Shared With Hinduism Reincarnation the soul repeatedly goes through a cycle of being born into a body, dying, and being reborn again in a new body.
Beliefs Shared With Hinduism Karma a force that determines the quality of each life, depending on how well one behaved in a past life. – Hinduism and Buddhism believe that we create karma by our actions on earth: If you live a good life, you create good karma If you live a bad life, you create bad karma
Beliefs Shared With Hinduism Each time a Hindu or Buddhist soul is born into a better life, it has the opportunity to improve itself further, and get closer to ultimate liberation called Moksha. A person attains Moksha when one has "overcome ignorance", and no longer desires anything at all. The ones who reach Moksha no longer struggle with the cycle of life and death.
Beliefs Shared With Hinduism Everyone should strive to achieve dharma. – Dharma can be described as right conduct, righteousness, moral law, and duty. – Anyone who makes dharma central to one’s life strives to do the right thing, according to one’s duty and abilities, at all times.
The Three Jewels Taking refuge in the Three Jewels is the 1 st step in becoming a Buddhist Lays the foundation for the practitioner to lead their life in an ethically disciplined way, avoiding actions harmful to others and respecting the laws of karma Prevents practitioner from collecting negative or bad karma.
The Three Jewels: The Buddha accepting that the Buddha achieved enlightenment and that following his path will free you from suffering and achieve enlightenment
The Three Jewels: The Dharma The teachings of the Buddha, the scriptures and writing that teach us the path of the Buddha The method of Buddhism
The Three Jewels: The Sangha The community of practitioners that you should surround yourself with to make it easier to stick to the path of the Buddha
The Four Noble Truths The Four Noble Truths are the ideas that the key to understanding the path to enlightenment (moksha).
The Four Noble Truths The Truth of Suffering: realizing that life is full of suffering not pain or the physical sensation of discomfort, but mental frustration, angst, boredom and other forms of mental suffering that are unnecessary
The Four Noble Truths The Truth of the Origin or Cause of Suffering: realizing that suffering is caused by attachment (desire, craving, clinging, grasping) and not accepting that the world is impermanent. It is not caused by loving things, but in failing to accept that all things will eventually change.
The Four Noble Truths The Truth of the Ending of Suffering: Realizing or understanding exactly what it means or rather how it feels to be free from the suffering caused by attachment, and to understand and believe 100% that it is possible to do this.
The Four Noble Truths The Truth of the Path Leading to the Ending of Suffering: realizing how you go about freeing yourself from suffering, this is called the Eight-Fold Path
The Four Noble Truths Suffering is what blocks the path to enlightenment. Like a disease if we are to defeat suffering we must: 1.identify the disease and its cause 2.eliminate this cause 3.get yourself into a healthy state 4.choose a lifestyle that will prevent you from getting sick again
The Path to Freedom: The Eight-Fold Noble Path In order to become free from suffering we must follow a moral and ethical way of life. The Buddha summarized the correct attitude and actions one must take in order to achieve enlightenment in the Eight-fold Noble Path. It is a combination of leading a moral life and practicing meditation.
The Path to Freedom: The Eight-Fold Noble Path Correct Thought Avoid: – attachment – grasping – being jealous – the wish to harm others – wrong views such as “my actions have no consequences”, “I never have any problems”, “there are no ways to end suffering” etc
The Path to Freedom: The Eight-Fold Noble Path Correct Speech Avoid: – lying – divisive and harsh speech – idle gossip or dishonestly – omitting something – using speech in any kind of phony way
The Path to Freedom: The Eight-Fold Noble Path Correct Actions Avoid: – killing – taking things that are not offered to you – sexual misconduct – being intoxicated on alcohol and drugs
The Path to Freedom: The Eight-Fold Noble Path Correct Livelihood try to make a living with the above attitude of thought, speech, and actions
The Path to Freedom: The Eight-Fold Noble Path Correct Understanding work to develop genuine wisdom
The Path to Freedom: The Eight-Fold Noble Path Correct Effort after we start to meditate we need to continue to work hard with a joyful and happy attitude, it should not be a chore
The Path to Freedom: The Eight-Fold Noble Path Correct Mindfulness try to be aware of the “here and now” instead of dreaming in the “there and then” work to stay present throughout your life and not spend it day dreaming
The Path to Freedom: The Eight-Fold Noble Path Correct Concentration work to keep a steady, calm and focused state of mind