Scramble for Africa (late 1800’s to mid 1900’s—Imperialism—arbitrary borders European countries sought out African products and minerals. Africans began working for wages, moving to cities, etc.
African Independence Movement Gained momentum after WWII, which left the major European powers weakened. 1950’s – 1970’s
Decolonization 1951-1993 African countries were considered “immature” and democracy was only introduced at the local level. Group of small elite leaders who were received a Western education. The decolonization of Africa followed World War II as colonized peoples agitated for independence and colonial powers withdrew their administrators from Africa.
Postcolonial Era Effects: Worked in the new commercial economy. Modern medicine and improved infrastructure (in certain areas) Low wages and unemployment Rival ethnic groups forced to share power in newly independent countries.