 # Multiplying and Dividing in Scientific Notation

## Presentation on theme: "Multiplying and Dividing in Scientific Notation"— Presentation transcript:

Multiplying and Dividing in Scientific Notation

Multiplying Numbers in Scientific Notation
Multiply the base numbers together. Then add the exponents to get the power of 10. General formula: (N X 10x) (M X 10y) = (N) (M) X 10x+y

Example 1 Given: (3.42 X 105)(4.67 X 109) Multiply bases: 3.42 X 4.67 = 15.97 Add Exponents: =105+9=1014 Answer: X 1014 Shift Decimal left one place. Final Answer: X 1014

Example 2 Given: (2.93 X 10-2)(8.3 X 10-5)
Multiply Bases: 2.93 X 8.3 = Add Exponents: =10-2+(-5)=10-7 Answer: X 10-7 Shift decimal left one place. Final Answer: 2.43 X 10-6

Practice Worksheet Practice Multiplying in Scientific Notation (2.4 X 10-3)(4.5 X 10-3) = (5.67 X 10^3)(3.9 X 10^-6) = (4.78 X 107)(9.3 X 10-2) = (8.9 X 10^-2)(6.5 X 10^4) = (3.4 X 108)(5 X 103) =

Practice Worksheet Practice Multiplying in Scientific Notation (2.4 X 10-3)(4.5 X 10-3) = 1.08 X 10-5 (5.67 X 10^3)(3.9 X 10^-6) = 2.21 X 10^-2 (4.78 X 107)(9.3 X 10-2) = 4.45 X 106 (8.9 X 10^-2)(6.5 X 10^4) = X 10^3 (3.4 X 108)(5 X 103) = 1.7 X 1012

Practice Worksheet Practice Multiplying in Scientific Notation (1.6 X 10-6)(9.9 X 10-9) = (5.1 X 10^4)(9.1 X 10^2) = (2.0 X 10-3)(2.3 X 104) = (7.4 X 10^2)(6.5 X 10^7) = (9.4 X 10-5)(3.1 X 105) =

Practice Worksheet Practice Multiplying in Scientific Notation (1.6 X 10-6)(9.9 X 10-9) = X 10-14 (5.1 X 10^4)(9.1 X 10^2) = X 10^7 (2.0 X 10-3)(2.3 X 104) = 4.6 X 101 (7.4 X 10^2)(6.5 X 10^7) = 4.81 X 10^10 (9.4 X 10-5)(3.1 X 105) = X 101

Dividing Numbers in Scientific Notation
Divide the base numbers. Then subtract the exponents to get the power of 10. General formula: N X 10x / M X 10y = N/M X 10x-y

Example 1 Given:8 X 10-3 / 2 X 10-2 Divide bases: 8/2=4
Subtract exponents: (-3)-(-2)=-1 Answer: 4 X 10-1

Example 2 Given:3.45 X 102 / 1.23 X 10-5 Divide bases: 3.45/1.23= 2.81
Subtract exponents: (2)-(-5)=7 Answer: 2.81 X 107

Practice Worksheet Practice Dividing in Scientific Notation 3.0 X 104 / 1.5 X 10-2 = 4.5 X 10^2 / 2.4 X 10^-5 = 4.9 X 105 / 1.45 X 108 = 6 X 10^5 / 3 X 10^-7 = 2.46 X 106 / X 103 =

Practice Worksheet Practice Dividing in Scientific Notation 3.0 X 104 / 1.5 X 10-2 = 2.0 X 106 4.5 X 10^2 / 2.4 X 10^-5 = X 10^7 4.9 X 105 / 1.45 X 108 = 3.37 X 10-3 6 X 10^5 / 3 X 10^-7 = 2 X 10^12 2.46 X 106 / X 103 = 5.44 X 102

Practice Worksheet Practice Dividing in Scientific Notation 1.51 X 105 / 3.66 X 10-4 = 3.45 X 108 / 2.6 X 103 = 8.21 X 10^-5 / 4 X 10^3 = 4 X 10^2 / 2 X 10^-8 = 3.4 X 10-8 / 1.2 X 10-4 =

Practice Worksheet Practice Dividing in Scientific Notation 1.51 X 105 / 3.66 X 10-4 = 4.13 X 108 3.45 X 108 / 2.6 X 103 = 1.33 X 105 8.21 X 10^-5 / 4 X 10^3 = 2.1 X 10^-8 4 X 10^2 / 2 X 10^-8 = 2 X 10^10 3.4 X 10-8 / 1.2 X 10-4 = 2.83 X 10-4