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William Shakespeare I. Early life A. William Shakespeare was born in the year 1564. B. His parents’ names were Mary and John Shakespeare. 1. Shakespeare’s father was a prosperous merchant. 2. His father also served a term as the town’s mayor. 3. Mr. Shakespeare’s social status allowed William to receive a good education.
Education II. Education A. William attended Stratford Grammar School until he was 14. B. He studied subjects including Latin and Greek along with British and world history. C. Shakespeare incorporated the knowledge he learned in school into many of his plays.
Family Life III. Family Life A. Shakespeare married a woman named Anne Hathaway. B. He married at age 18, and his wife was 8 years older than he. C. Shakespeare had 3 children. 1. His first daughter, Susanna, was born in 1583. 2. His twins, Judith (female) and Hamnet (male) were born in 1585.
Family Life 3. Shakespeare’s son died at the age of 11. 4. He lived in Stratford with his family before moving to London to pursue his career.
Professional Life IV. Professional Life A. Shakespeare’s first plays were Titus Andronicus, The Comedy of Errors, and Henry VI. B. By 1594, Shakespeare had earned a reputation as an actor and was part of a successful acting company called The Lord Chamberlain’s Men. C. In 1599, Shakespeare became part owner of the famous Globe Theater, where most of his plays were performed.
Professional Life D. Shakespeare wrote 37 plays. Some of the most famous included: 1. Hamlet 2. Macbeth 3. Romeo and JulietRomeo Juliet 4. Othello 5. King Lear 6. As You Like It
Professional Life E. When King James VI took the throne, Shakespeare’s troupe received royal patronage and changed their name to The King’s Men. F. Shakespeare retired in the year 1610. G. Shakespeare’s plays were published in one volume in the year 1623, seven years after his death.
The Globe Theater V. The Globe TheaterThe Globe Theater A. The theater was built in the year 1599. B. The theater could hold 3,000 spectators. C. Different color flags were flown from the theater depending on the type of play being performed. 1. Red represented history. 2. Black represented tragedy. 3. White represented comedy.
The Globe Theater D. Actors changed costumes and rested here and props were stored in the Tiring House. E. Another name for the main stage was the apron stage because the audience could sit on three sides. F. Adolescent boys played the parts of women because women were not allowed on stage.
The Globe Theater G. Elaborate costumes and detailed setting descriptions were used instead of scenery. H. Unhappy viewers threw rotten fruits and vegetables at actors. I. Performances were always given during daylight hours. J. The theater burned to the ground in the year 1613 and was rebuilt only to be torn down again in the year 1664. K. Building a modern day replica of the Globe Theater was an idea inspired by American actor, Sam Wanamaker. L. It opened for its first full season on June 8, 1997.
Shakespeare’s Death VI. Shakespeare’s death A. He died in the year 1616. B. His cause of death is unknown.
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