Rocket A vehicle or device that contains all the substances needed to burn fuel and uses escaping gas from the burning of fuel to move YOU do not RIDE in a rocket, a rocket is the fuel source that lifts the space craft. Used to launch the space shuttle. Robert Goddard— “Father of Modern Rocketry” http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/history/apollo/apollo- 11/images/69HC761.GIF
Space Probe A vehicle that carries scientific instruments to planets or other bodies in space. They take pictures, temperature readings, and chemical readings of the atmosphere. Clementine (1994)-discovered evidence of water on moon Magellan (1989)—mapped 98% of Venus’ surface. The probes move around on the surface of any celestial body. Mars Rover is an example of a probe you hear about sometimes on the news. http://www.scienceclarified.com/images/uesc_0 9_img0536.jpg
Artificial Satellites Any human- made object placed in orbit around a body in space
What are some other uses for Artificial Satellites? Weather satellites TV satellites Telephone satellites Military satellites
Space Shuttle A reusable vehicle that takes off like a rocket and lands like an airplane
Space Shuttle Used to carry astronauts to repair satellites and construct the ISS. The first shuttle launched April 12, 1981. Final shuttle mission was March 9, 2011. The external fuel tank is not reused after flight, but is recycled. The solid rocket boosters break away and land safely in the ocean by way of parachute. http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media- live/photos/000/012/cache/space-shuttle- atlantis_1223_600x450.jpg
Telescopes A telescope is an instrument that aids in the observation of distant objects. The first known telescopes were invented in the early 1600’s in the Netherlands. There are two different types of telescopes: –Reflecting: using mirrors; used in the Hubble telescope. This is the type used most widely today. –Refracting: using glass lenses; used terrestrially and in astronomy. Telescopes need to be placed on hills and away from major cities due to light pollution.
A variety of telescopes Reflecting Telescope: Mount Wilson Observatory Refracting telescope: Nice Observatory Hubble Telescope departing space shuttle Atlantis.
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION A long-term orbiting vehicle that allows astronauts to live and work in space
International Space Station (ISS) Built in 1993 Research laboratory in space to conduct experiments. Used for microgravity experiments and other research in space. Since the shuttle program was discontinued by NASA, American astronauts have to ride up with cosmonauts from other countries. There are currently astronauts in the space station. They tend to have missions that last about 6 months. http://us.st11.yimg.com/us.st.yimg.co m/I/spacestore_1985_26308770