Rubella infection may begin with 1-2 days of mild fever (99-100°) and swollen, tender lymph nodes, usually in the back of the neck or behind the ears. headache loss of appetite mild conjunctivitis (inflammation of the lining of the eyelids and eyeballs) a stuffy or runny nose swollen lymph nodes pain and swelling in the joints A rash then begins on the face and spreads downward. As it spreads, it usually clears on the face. This rash is often the first sign of illness that a parent notices.
Rubella is spread by contact with an infected person, through coughing and sneezing. Rubella vaccine can prevent this disease.
You are a college student, or other student beyond high school. You work in a hospital or other medical facility. You travel internationally, or are a passenger on a cruise ship. You are a woman of childbearing age.
Rubella is more common in younger children & teens. Before a vaccine against rubella became available, rubella occurred every 6-9 years, most often among kids 5 to 9 years old. In 1998, 364 cases were reported in the United States. While in 2005 & 2006, 11 cases were reported in the United States. in 1996, two-thirds of reported cases were among Hispanics.
Treatment includes: bed rest lots of fluids and medicine for fever headache or joint pain relief Antibiotics do not cure rubella. There are no antiviral drugs for treating rubella.
Children who are infected with rubella before birth are at risk for: growth retardation mental retardation malformations of the heart and eyes deafness liver, spleen, and bone marrow problems. Infection of the brain can arise from rubella. The most serious case can cause death.