5 Political Machines Basics: Where?Most large citiesEx. NY (Tammany Hall)Who?Political bosses helped their people get elected in return for jobs, city contractsEx. Boss Tweed (Tammany Hall) pocketed around $200 million of public fundsCan The Law Reach Him? The Dwarf and the Thief by Thomas Nast (Corbis.com)
13 CIVIL SERVICE REPLACES PATRONAGE Nationally, some politicians pushed for reform in the hiring systemThe system had been based on Patronage; giving jobs and favors to those who helped a candidate get electedReformers pushed for an adoption of a merit system of hiring the most qualified for jobsThe Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 authorized a bipartisan commission to make appointments for federal jobs based on performanceApplicants for federal jobs are required to take a Civil Service Exam
14 Review Who was Boss Tweed? What is the connection between Boss Tweed and Thomas Nast?What was Tammany Hall?Give two examples of graft.Were political machines good or bad for cities? Explain your response?What was the spoils system and what reform did it lead to?
15 Read Chapter 15, section 3 pp 452-454 Make sure that your lecture notes are complete and that all terms are defined