Presentation on theme: "The 5 Themes of Geography"— Presentation transcript:
1 The 5 Themes of Geography LocationMovementPlaceHuman-Environment InteractionRegion
2 Location There are 2 ways to define location. Absolute Location: a place’s exact position on Earth using latitude and longitude.These are imaginary lines drawn around Earth to help geographers describe places.Example: Philadelphia is located at about 39°N and 75° W on Earth.Relative Location: the location of a place relative to another place.Example: Philadelphia is located on the East Coast of The U.S
6 Longitude and Latitude Imaginary lines that are drawn around Earth to help geographers study location of places.Latitude: Horizontal lines that run EAST to WEST. Latitude is the distance north or south of the Equator, measured in units called degrees.Longitude: Vertical lines that run NORTH to SOUTH. Longitude is the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured in degrees.Philadelphia is located at about 39°N and 75° W on Earth.
7 Equator and Prime Meridian The Equator marks 0 latitude. Think of it as Earth’s belt. It runs directly around Earth’s middle.The Prime Meridian marks 0 longitude. It runs from top to bottom of Earth.Each half of Earth is called a hemisphere.
8 Place Human and physical features at a specific location. Example (physical feature): Hawaii is an archipelago, a series of islands.Example (human feature): Hawaiian people speak the Hawaiian language and have festivals called luaus where they practice the hula dance.
10 RegionA region is an area with a unifying human or physical feature such as population, history, climate, or landforms.Example: The Rocky Mountain Region in Colorado is a region of the United States.
12 MovementMovement explores how people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another. Movement helps to explain cultural changesExample #1: Computers spread information to mass amounts of people.Example #2: Foreign countries shipping goods to be sold globally.Example #3: Action News on Channel 6 reports current events.
14 Human-Environment Interaction Considers how people affect their environment, or their natural surroundings, and how their environment affects them.Example: Students take on a recycling project and clean up a park in their town.Example: The Nile River was the source of life for the Egyptian people.