Presentation on theme: "Lesson 13 EQ: What are the central beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and how do these beliefs impact the lives of the people that practice them?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lesson 13 EQ: What are the central beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and how do these beliefs impact the lives of the people that practice them?
2 Objective: Do Now: Homework: SWBAT describe the central beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and explain how these beliefs impact the lives of people that practice themDo Now:Name all the religions you can think of.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Homework:Worksheet
3 All religions have... A set of beliefs A set of customs and practices A form of organization
4 JudaismHebrews were one of the nomadic groups who lived in the Fertile CrescentHebrews became enslaved in Egypt and God helped them to escape this slaveryBy 1000 B.C., the Hebrews had set up the kingdom of Israel with Jerusalem as its capitalThey believed that God had promised them this landOver time, Hebrew beliefs evolved into the religion we today call Judaism
6 Teachings of Judaism Monotheistic Holy book called the Torah Belief in one godHoly book called the TorahOld TestamentTen CommandmentsMoral and ethical teachingsMercySympathyEqualityHelpfulness
7 Judaism influenced two other religions... Can you guess what they are?
8 ChristianityBegan in Palestine with the teachings of a Jew named Jesus in about 30 A.D.Eventually spread to become official religion of Roman Empire
9 Life and Death of JesusJesus was thought to be the Messiah, or savior sent from GodAt age 30, Jesus began to travel the countryside preaching and teachingMany Jews and Romans were worried that Jesus was dangerousThe Romans arrested Jesus, tried him in court, and executed him by crucifixionAfter his death, many of his followers said that he had risen from the graveHis followers worked to spread his teachings
11 Teachings of Christianity MonotheisticTen CommandmentsBelief in HeavenHoly book called the BibleOld Testament (Hebrew scriptures, book of law, history, poetry)New Testament (describe Jesus’ teachings)Moral and ethical teachingsMercySympathyEqualityHelpfulness
12 Islam In 622 A.D., Islam arose in Arabia In about 570, an Arab named Muhammad was born in MeccaAccording to Muslim tradition, the angel Gabriel commanded Muhammad to spread the message of Islam
13 MuhammadMuhammad obeyed the command from Gabriel and people began wanting to kill himMuhammad and his followers left Mecca on a journey known as the hijra (hegira)Muhammad was welcomed into Medina and the religion grew
15 Teachings of Islam People who follow Islam are called Muslims Five PillarsBelief in one God (Allah) and Muhammad is his prophetPray 5 times dailyGive money to the poorFast from sunrise to sunset during RamadanTry to visit Mecca at least once in lifetime
16 Teachings of Islam Cont... Holy book is called the Quran (Koran)The Sharia is a body of laws for Muslims to followMoral and ethical teachingsMercySympathyEqualityHelpfulness