Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

 juriesandconditions/viruses/ juriesandconditions/viruses/

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: " juriesandconditions/viruses/ juriesandconditions/viruses/"— Presentation transcript:


2  juriesandconditions/viruses/ juriesandconditions/viruses/

3  Very small  Non-living particle  Made up of nucleic acid and proteins  Can only reproduce by infecting living cells  Do not carry out respiration, grow or develop

4  Viruses have an inner core of nucleic acid which contains either RNA or DNA  Has outer protein coat called a capsid.

5  Envelope Lipid Membrane  Envelope allows for extended survival outside the cell in order to spread infection

6  Viruses have different shapes and sizes.  The arrangement of the proteins in the capsid of a virus determines the virus’s shape

7 What characteristic do viruses share with all living organisms? a. Respiration b. Metabolism c. Replication d. Movement

8 Fill in the blanks The nucleic acid core of a virus contains ________ or __________ All viruses contain a coat of ________ and a core of _________

9  : Influenza  Smallpox  Cowpox  Ebola

10  Chicken Pox virus,  Human Papilloma  Adenovirus (respiratory infections, pink eye)  HIV

11  Tobacco Mosaic Virus

12 Nucleic Acid: DNA or RNA Capsid

13  The cell in which a virus replicates in  Before a virus can replicate it must enter a host cell  Before it can enter a host cell it must first recognize and attach to a receptor site on the plasma membrane of the host cell.


15  Attach  Inject and/ or Incorporate genetic info  Replicate  Assemble  Lyse or Divide within host


17  Most viruses are highly specific to the cells they infect.  Ex: Plant viruses only infect plants  Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria  Ex: bacteriophage T4  Viruses have two ways of infecting the host cell:  -Lytic Infection  -Lysogenic Infection

18  Viruses cause human diseases such as polio, measles, influenza, and AIDS.  Viruses attack and destroy certain cells in the body → causing symptoms of the disease  The best way to prevent against viral diseases is to prevent infection through vaccination.

19  Viruses that contain RNA as their genetic material  When retroviruses infect a cell they produce a DNA copy of their RNA.  Called retroviruses because their genetic information is copied backwards From RNA to DNA instead of DNA to RNA  Retroviruses are responsible for some types of cancer and HIV




23  e/animations.html e/animations.html

24  /resources/htmls/animated_biology/unit6/bi o_ch18_0550_ab_virus.html /resources/htmls/animated_biology/unit6/bi o_ch18_0550_ab_virus.html

25  Lytic Cycle  virus injects its nucleic acid into the host  takes over the host cells metabolism  causes host cell to start replicating the viruses proteins and nucleic acids  virus secretes enzymes that “lyse” the host cell’s cell wall and releases new virus particles  these particles can attack other host cells Lytic Infection causes host cell to be “lysed” and destroyed.


27  Lysogenic cycle  Lysogenic virus injects its nucleic acid into a host cell  Viral DNA is integrated into the host cell’s chromosome → called a prophage  Every time host cell reproduces, the provirus is replicated along with it → every cell that originates from the infected host cell has a copy of the provirus


29  Retroviruses can cause some cancers  Retroviruses that convert, or transform, normal cells → tumor viruses  These viruses carry genes that disrupt the normal controls over cell growth and division


31  The lysogenic cycle can take place for many years  At any time the provirus can be activated and enter a lytic cycle ↓ host cell is killed

32 A lytic infection occurs when a a. Virus infects a bacterium and kills it immediately b. Virus embeds its genome into the DNA of the host cell c. Virus enters a cell, makes copies of itself, and causes the cell to burst d. Virus inserts its DNA into the DNA of the host cell and remains part of the host cell for many generations


34  A preparation of a weakened or killed virus or viral protein  When injected into the body, it stimulates the immune system in an effort to create permanent immunity to the disease  For vaccines to be most effective it must be used before an infection begins.

35  Vaccines are used for the prevention of viral infections  Vaccines are NOT used for bacterial infections

36 DiseaseSymptomIncubation MeaslesRash, fever9-11 days ShinglesPain, itching on skinYears WartsBumpy areas on skinMonths Coryza (cold)Sneezing, runny nose, fever 2-4 days HIVFatigue, weight loss2-5 years The symptoms and incubation time of a disease can indicate how the virus acts inside its host cell. Which diseases may be caused by lytic viruses? Which diseases may be caused by lysogenic viruses?



39  Was the first virus to be identified  Causes disease in tobacco plants

40 One group of viruses that contain RNA as their genetic information are a. Oncogenetic viruses b. Retroviruses c. Capsids d. Prophages

41  seasons/lessons/lp_virus_videos.html# seasons/lessons/lp_virus_videos.html#

Download ppt " juriesandconditions/viruses/ juriesandconditions/viruses/"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google