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Published byEaster Crawford Modified over 8 years ago

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4.1 Divisibility and Mental Math

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Mental Math Is 56 divisible by 7? Think! 56 = 8 x 7 Is 56 divisible by 4? Think! 56 = 8 x 7, and 4 x 2 = 8, 56 is divisible by 4.

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Mental Math Is 64 divisible by 6? No Is 93 divisible by 3? Yes

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Divisibility Rules A whole number is divisible by 2, if the number ends in 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8. 3, if the sum of the number’s digits is divisible by 3. 5, if the number ends in 0 or 5 9, if the sum of the number’s digits is divisible by 9 10, if the number ends in 0.

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Divisibility by 2, 5, 10 Ends in … Test each number for divisibility by 2, 5, 10 150 1,021 2,112 65 100

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Divisibility by 3 Sum of number’s digits is divisible by 3 715 7 + 1 + 5 = 13 13 is not divisible by 3 150 1 + 5 + 0 = 6 6 is divisible by 3

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Divisibility by 9 sum of number’s digits is divisible by 9 163 1 + 6 + 3 = 10 10 is not divisible by 9 126 1 + 2 + 6 = 9 9 is divisible by 9

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Try it! Test each number for divisibility of 2, 3, 5, 9, and 10 60 48 81

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