2 LatitudeLatitude: imaginary lines on the earth’s surface that help us measure the distance north & south of the earth’s equator. HORIZONTAL LINES.Tip to remember: think of latitude as the rungs on a ladder. (Ladder sounds like Latitude)
3 The EquatorThe Equator is the imaginary line around the widest part of the globe. (The middle of the earth)It is 0° Latitude.
4 Tropic of Cancer & Tropic of Capricorn: Tropic of Cancer: Line of latitude 23.5 degrees North of the Equator. Half way point between North Pole & EquatorTropic of Capricorn: Line of latitude 23.5 South of the Equator. Half way point between Equator and Antarctic Circle
5 LongitudeLongitude: imaginary lines on the earth’s surface that run from pole to pole that help us measure the distance east & west of the Prime Meridian. VERTICAL LINES.Tip to remember: think of longitude as long, tall telephone poles (because longitude lines run from pole to pole)
6 Prime MeridianThe Prime Meridian is the imaginary line that is used to measure the longitude east & west.It is 0° Longitude.Runs through Greenwich, England
8 Compass RoseA figure on maps, charts, etc… to display the orientation of the cardinal directions: North, East, South, WestTip to remember order of the compass rose: NEVER, EAT, SOGGY, WAFFLES!
9 Review!Latitude: LADDER. North & South degrees. Left to RightLongitude: TELEPHONE POLES. East & West degrees. Up & Down.Using both, we can find any location on earth! Every country, state, and city has a latitude & longitude address!Even in Utah!Let’s Practice!