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{ Networking High School Computer Application. What is a network? A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio.

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Presentation on theme: "{ Networking High School Computer Application. What is a network? A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio."— Presentation transcript:

1 { Networking High School Computer Application

2 What is a network? A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunication equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information.

3 What is a network? OR…

4 What is a network? With a hub…a hub is like a relay station…

5 Network: The physical media, routers, and switches, that transfers data between a user and their resources. Client: A computer that uses the shared resources located on a network. The computer it accesses to obtain these shared resources is sometimes called a host or a server. Client/Server Network: In a client/server relationship, client computers request resources and information from a central, usually more powerful, server computer. The main alternative to peer-to-peer. Enterprise Network: A combination of LAN, MAN, or WAN networks and nodes, managed and owned by a private organization. Local Area Network: Two or more computers linked together for the purpose of sharing information and resources. Metropolitan Area Networks: A series of LAN networks connected together over a local geographical area.

6 Node: A device connected to the network. It might be a printer, a workstation, a file server, a client, a mainframe, and so on. Peer-to-Peer Network: Computers that share resources and information equally. There are no powerful central computers (servers) sharing information and resources. The main alternative to client/server. Resources: Computer hardware (printers, computers, servers, and so on) and software applications shared over a network. Server: A computer on a network that shares resources with other computers. There are different types of servers such as file servers, database servers, print servers, and so on.

7 Topography: The physical layout of the network (usually two types: bus and ring) Wide Area Networks: Two or more LANs or MANs connected together generally spanning a geographic area; they may even span the globe. Workstation: A standalone computer that has its own CPU, used for common computer practices. Your home or school computer is most likely a workstation. Workstations can be networked together.

8 Basic Network Types: Schools, businesses, and other organizations select network types according to their individual needs and finances. Although network designs are quite diverse, basic network types are relatively few. They include the following: · Local Area Networks · Metropolitan Area Networks · Wide Area Networks Local Area Networks A Local Area Network (LAN) connects computers and hardware devices together over a small geographic area. (These computers and hardware devices are frequently referred to as nodes.)

9 A LAN typically consists of several computers connected to one another, usually located in close proximity such as a computer lab. LANs are the most common form of networks found in most small businesses and schools. A LAN is often created for several computers to share an intermittently used resource such as a laser printer.

10 In earlier days of networking, most LANs used peer-to-peer networking to facilitate communication. A peer-to-peer network is built without the use of a central server, a computer used as the central storage unit for data. Each peer computer can share its resources with the other computers on the network independently. Also known as file sharing networks because that is all they could do was to share files. They could share a printer, but a printer had to connect to one computer on the network and it would be set up as a shared device. Then when a print job is sent it is processed through the computer’s CPU that the printer was connected to and then printed. Today LANs often include central server computers.

11 In more complex networks client/server networking is usually employed. A centralized computer is used to facilitate the sharing of data and hardware with other computers on the network. These central computers are called file servers. The computers using the file server are called clients.

12 Metropolitan Area Networks: Two or more LANs in the same metropolitan area connected together are called Metropolitan Area Networks, MANs.


14 WANs can be privately owned by large corporations or they can be public. One difference between public MANs and WANs is that the telephone company used is a long distance rather than local carrier. WANs can use either analog (telephone lines) or digital (such as satellite transmission) signals, or a combination of both.




18 Notice the two types of connection on the NIC: a ETHERNET connection and a COAXIAL connection

19 TOPOGRAPHY – the physical makeup of the network




23 TOPOGRAPHY – the physical connections

24 What do you think schools use? Why? What do you think about the fiber optics?

25 TOPOGRAPHY – the physical connections

26 Rules of the Road PROTOCOLS

27 Rules of the Road PROTOCOLS

28 Rules of the Road PROTOCOLS

29 Rules of the Road PROTOCOLS

30 Think of a MAC address like a phone number….a phone number that includes the country code AND area code AND the rest of the number. Can two people on the planet have the EXACT same phone number? Networks are the same…no two computers on the network can have the same MAC address.






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