Style of art that emerged in Britain and the US in the 50’s Examines the distinction between “high art” and popular culture and questions the role of the artist Term to refer to “popular” or mass culture Images so commonplace we hardly notice them even though we absorb them totally Reaction against Abstract Expressionism –Art no longer needs to be something emotional
Many different styles Artists are interested in the images of mass media, advertising, comics and consumer products Shake viewers out of their accustomed ways of looking at the most trivial trappings of modern life
American Sculptor Started off by making sculptures of things he saw around him out of found materials Developed the technique of soft sculpture, which added a surrealist effect to his sculpture Illustrated how Pop Art added surprise, curiosity and humor into the art of the 2 nd half of the 20 th century
Oldenburg saw himself as a realist, not as an abstract artist. He felt art must relate to the realities of everyday life. Yet he took objects from the real world and placed them out of context, making them soft when they should be hard, large when they should be small. –Which in turn made them somewhat abstract. This paradox in his art grew out of his own nature, which was a complex mix of traditional and radical elements.
1965 – begins his “monument” proposals –A single object was to be enlarged to gigantic scale and installed at a specific site By taking mundane objects and presenting them out of context and in such colossal proportions, Oldenburg forced viewers to reassess their daily lives and values. His work was a social commentary on American popular culture and, by association, on contemporary society's approach to life itself.
Wanted viewers to stop and think about the products of the industrial and commercial culture Wants to call attention that we have come to rely on these products
George Segal Study of form, emotion and the surroundings
American Painter and Sculptor Painter –1950’s started figurative painting –Early work considered pop art Sculptor –Examined relationship of fine art to popular art forms –Reference to individual place in mass culture
Philosophy Life-size plaster human sculptures –Human figures in space and related surroundings –Influenced by artist Edward Hopper –Attention to attitude and gestures –Rural and urban settings Nighthawks (1942) close up
Edward Hopper Examples Cape Cod MorningRoom in Brooklyn
Edward Hopper Examples Cont. Room in New YorkSummer Evening
Edward Hopper Examples Cont. Summer in the CitySunday
Medium Cast plaster molds of living figures Attempt to lock to them in time in constructed environment
Process Select situation Select a person and pose Cast figure, sometimes in clothing Soaked bandages in plaster and applied and shaped them to the body
First works Man Sitting at a Table (1961) Used only outside unpainted surface of cast Abstract, impressionistic, disembodied and anonymous quality//depersonalized social settings
First works examples Man sitting at a table (1961) Notice! simple almost sterile environment anonymous//depersonalize d nature abstract and impressionistic What is the emotional quality? What do you think about when you view this?
Later works Parking Garage (1968): Poured industrial plaster inside cast to capture details of expression and physical form: more life- like The Corridor (1976): cast and painted in vivid colors as metaphors for “rosy disposition” “blue funk” and “a black mood”
Later works examples Parking Garage (1968)The Corridor (1976)
New Approaches Fragments and groups of figures in social settings Sound and lighting effects Cast still-life scenes from works by major modern artists: Picasso’s Chair (1973)
New approaches examples George Segal Picasso’s Chair (1973) Pablo Picasso The Chair Similarities? Differences??