Presentation on theme: "Washington State Archives Presented by: Leslie Koziara Electronic Records Management Consultant Part 1: Managing Your Records."— Presentation transcript:
Washington State Archives Presented by: Leslie Koziara Electronic Records Management Consultant firstname.lastname@example.org Part 1: Managing Your Records Public Disclosure & Public Records A Survival Guide
This first session will cover: Basic records retention requirements What records need to kept What records don’t need to be kept Organizing and Managing Electronic Records Overview
To respond to public records requests: 1.Understand what is being requested 2.Locate all responsive records 3.Apply any exemptions 4.Provide response to requestor Managing Public Records
Managing public records helps by: 1.Knowing what records need to be kept 2.Knowing what records you do have 3.Knowing where the records are 4.Allowing for systematic and lawful disposal of what doesn’t need to be kept Managing Public Records
What is a Public Record? For the purposes of retention and destruction, two criteria: 1.Regardless of format; 2.Made or received in connection with the transaction of public business (RCW 40.14). For public disclosure, refer to RCW 42.56.
What needs to be kept? State Agencies Any destruction of official public records shall be pursuant to a schedule approved (by the State Records Committee) (RCW 40.14.050 & 060) Local Agencies No public records shall be destroyed until approved for destruction by the Local Records Committee. (RCW 40.14.070)
Who is the State Records Committee? Established under RCW 40.14.050 Comprised of: 1.State Auditor representative 2.Attorney General representative 3.State Archivist 4.Office of Financial Management representative
Who is the Local Records Committee? Established under RCW 40.14.070 Comprised of: 1.State Auditor representative 2.Attorney General representative 3.State Archivist
Approval for Destruction Both Committees grant approval in the form of records retention schedules. Records retention schedules describe: –Type of records approved for destruction; –Minimum period for which they need to be retained; and –Which records also have archival value.
What happens next? For non-archival records: 1.Retain for the minimum retention; THEN 2.Destroy. Records subject to current public disclosure requests or litigation (current or reasonably anticipated) must not be destroyed.
What are Archival Records? Records determined by the State Archivist as having permanent and enduring historical and/or legal value. Typically only 2-5% of records have archival value. Listed on Records Retention Schedules.
What do State Agencies do with Archival Records? Archival records must not be destroyed. State Agencies must transfer archival records to Washington State Archives at the end of the minimum retention period.
What do Local Agencies do with Archival Records? Archival records must not be destroyed. Local Agencies must either: a)Keep the records themselves indefinitely; OR b)Transfer the records to Washington State Archives (at no cost).
“Born Digital” Records Electronic records must be retained in electronic format … for the length of the designated retention period. Printing and retaining a hard copy is not a substitute for the electronic version. (WAC 434-662-040)
Why Printing Doesn’t Work Metadata associated with “born digital” records establishes and preserves the authenticity of the record which is the evidence of the transaction it documents. Printing electronic records (e.g. emails) preserves the informational content but not the authenticity of the record.
Digitized Records Conversion to an imaging system does not automatically authorize the destruction of the source documents for which images have been created. Requires “Destruction After Digitization (DAD)” approval. (WAC 434-663-600)
In Summary… Agencies need to: 1.Retain all public records for at least the minimum retention period as listed on the approved Records Retention Schedule. 2.Continue to retain or transfer to Washington State Archives, all archival records
What to Keep and What to Throw Away “Putting it into Practice”
Know your Business - Know your Records Survival Skill #1
Keeping Track… As managers and supervisors, you already need to keep track of your programs’: 1.Budget; 2.Staff; 3.Physical Assets; So too…you need to keep track of your: 4.Records.
Knowing My Records What records (paper and electronic) does my program create and/or receive? How long do they need to be kept? Where are they kept?
Which Schedule do I Use? State Agencies use both: 1)State Government General Records Retention Schedule; AND 2)Agency unique records retention schedules.
Which Schedule do I Use? Local Agencies use both: 1)Local Government Common Records Retention Schedule (CORE); AND 2)Sector-specific records retention schedules.
Where to Find Schedules All General & Sector Schedules: –www.sos.wa.gov/archives State Agency Unique Schedules: –Contact your Agency’s Records Officer
Where are my records? Need to regularly inventory to know where are your program’s records: –Where are the paper records? –Which databases hold records? –Who has what email records? –Where else are my records? (websites, blogs, wikis, twitter, etc)
Get rid of what you don’t need Survival Skill #2
Get rid of what you don’t need Much of what crosses our desks and our screens has little to no retention value. Apply GS50 / GS50-02 to: –Secondary copies; –Preliminary drafts; and –Informational / transitory material. Work with your Records Officer
Get rid of what you don’t need Tips for applying to paper records: –Avoid making unnecessary copies; –Use “COPY” stamps; –Hold regular clean-up days.
Get rid of what you don’t need Tips for applying to electronic records: –Use email filters; –Create more shared folders / spaces; –Develop polices re primary & secondary copies.
Get rid of what you don’t need Destroy non-archival records at end of their minimum retention period. Document destruction of public records: –Work with your Agency’s Records Officer –Sample Destruction Logs available at: www.sos.wa.gov/archives
Transfer Archival Records to Washington State Archives Survival Skill #3
Transfer Archival Records Is your agency achieving it’s mission by using resources to preserve and provide access to records indefinitely? Washington State Archives exists to do this on your behalf & save you money. If it is archival and don’t need constant access, then consider transferring. Best care for records and still accessible.
Transfer Archival Records Tips for applying to paper records: –Work with your Agency’s Records Officer; –Start with your “most at risk” records; –Incorporate into digitization strategies; –Develop a regular transfer cycle for ongoing archival records (such as minutes, ordinances, etc).
Transfer Archival Records Tips for applying to electronic records: –Work with your Agency’s Records Officer; –Identify your archival electronic records; –Consider transferring archival records as part of system migrations / decommissioning;
Organizing and Managing Electronic Records Survival Skill #4
Organize to Destroy Up to 98% of records are non-archival. These records will need to be destroyed someday. It is more efficient (and therefore cheaper) to organize now than putting it off.
Applying to Electronic Records Don’t try and mange each record individually. Group “like” records together into folders and manage retention at the folder level. Base folder structure on the record types used in the records retention schedules.
Applying to Database Records Retention applies to records within the database, not the database itself. Is the database the primary record or a finding aid to other records? Are updates to database records actually destroying records?
Applying to Websites Retention is based on the content and function of the records not the format. Websites typically comprise many different types of records with different retention requirements.
Applying to Websites (cont.) Some web content may be considered: –secondary copies of records held elsewhere (in hardcopy, within databases, etc.). –advice relating to the agency’s mission and core business. –other records series relating to the core business of the agency.
Website Spidering Digital archives will … copy state and local government web sites that are determined to have archival value either annually or more frequently. (WAC 434-662-140) Archival snapshots. May not satisfy all legal and other requirements to retain records of websites.
Applying to Blogs, Twitter, etc Five key considerations for posts and comments on social networking sites: 1.Is there a transaction of public business? 2.Are these copies of other records? 3.Can the record be kept? 4.Does another record of the transaction need to be created? 5.Is this technology appropriate?
You Are Not Alone Your Agency’s Records Officer is there to help you Washington State Archives is here to help. For advice and assistance: email@example.com www.sos.wa.gov/archives
Washington State Archives: Partners in preservation and access Thank you!