 ### Similar presentations

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 11 Copyright © 2008 Prentice-Hall. All rights reserved. Committed to Shaping the Next Generation of IT Experts. Chapter 2: Formulas and Functions Robert Grauer, Keith Mulbery, Judy Scheeren Exploring Microsoft Office Excel 2007

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 2 Objectives Create and copy formulas Use relative and absolute cell addresses Use AutoSum Insert basic statistical functions Use date functions Use the IF function Use the VLOOKUP function Use the PMT function Use the FV function

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 3 Formula Basics Formulas are used to perform mathematical operations and arrive at a calculated result Must begin with an equals (=) sign Contain mathematical operators Used to automate calculations that were once done manually

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 4 Creating a Formula Rather than typing a cell address, use an alternative method that involves minimal typing Pointing uses the mouse or arrow keys to select the cell directly when creating a formula

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 5 Copy Formulas with Fill Handle Use the fill handle, a small black square in the bottom right corner of a selected cell, to copy formulas Provides a clear-cut alternative method for copying the contents of a cell Can be used to duplicate formulas

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 6 Relative vs. Absolute Addressing Relative cell references change relative to the direction in which the formula is copied Absolute cell references are exact; they do not change when a formula is copied  Indicated by dollar (\$) signs in front of the column letter and row number  Most often used when the value need not change, such as a sales tax percentage. Use the F4 key to toggle between relative and absolute cell referencing

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 7 Functions A predefined formula that can be selected from a list Already has the formula information; just requires cell references Do not replace all formulas Take values, perform operations, and return results

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 8 Functions (continued) SUM is the most commonly used function  represented by a sigma (  )  Adds values within a specified range Syntax refers to the grammatical structure of a formula  Must adhere to stated structure of formula Arguments are values ─ used as input and returned as output Function Wizard automates entering the function formulas

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 9 Using AutoSum (  ) Automates the SUM function Click the cell where you want the result Click AutoSum button Select the range of cells you want to sum Press Enter to complete An example of AutoSum,  =Sum(C4:C10) represents sum of all the cells in the cell range C4 to C10

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 10 Basic Statistical Functions Perform a variety of calculations to aide in decision making process  AVERAGE calculates the average of a range of numbers  MIN calculates the minimum value in a range  MAX calculates the maximum value in a range  COUNT counts the number of values within a range  MEDIAN finds the midpoint value in a range

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 11 Date Functions Efficiently handle time-consuming procedures Help analyze data related to the passing of time TODAY function places the current date in the selected cell =TODAY()  Updates when file is opened again NOW function displays current date and time, side by side

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 12 Logical and Lookup Functions Logical functions help in decision making Lookup functions are very useful for looking up data entered in a specific range of cells  Example: Well suited well for tax tables  Searches for a value based on a cell reference  Two types: VLOOKUP and HLOOKUP VLOOKUP arranges data vertically HLOOKUP arranges data horizontally

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 13 IF Function Used to determine whether a condition has been met Has three arguments:  =IF(condition,value_if_true,value_if_false) a condition tested to determine if it is true or false the resulting value if the condition is true the resulting value if the condition is false When the condition is met, the formula performs one task; when it is not met, the formula performs another task

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 14 VLOOKUP Allows for lookup within a vertical table of information Well suited for large tables of data, such as tax tables Has three required arguments and one optional argument :  VLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,col_index_num,range _lookup) a lookup value stored in a cell a range of cells containing a lookup table the number of the column within the lookup table that contains the value to return

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 15 VLOOKUP (continued) The lookup value ─ value to look up in a reference table The lookup table ─ a range of cells containing the reference table  A breakpoint ─ is the lowest numeric value for a category or series The column index number ─ the column number in the lookup table that contains return values

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 16 Financial Functions Used for decisions involving payments, investments, interest rates, etc. Allows you to consider several alternatives

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 17 PMT Function Used to calculate loan payments Has three arguments:  PMT(rate,nper,pv,fv,type) the interest rate per period the number of periods the amount of the loan Computes the associated payment on a loan

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 18 FV Function Used to determine the future value of an amount, such as an investment Has three arguments:  FV(rate,nper,pmt,pv,type) The interest rate (also called the rate of return) The number of periods (how long you will pay into the investment) The periodic investment (how much you will invest per year)

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 19 Questions?

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall 20 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Printed in the United States of America. Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall