Presentation on theme: "Place Location Region Movement Human/Environmental Interaction"— Presentation transcript:
1 Place Location Region Movement Human/Environmental Interaction 5 Themes of GeographyPlaceLocationRegionMovementHuman/Environmental Interaction
2 5 Themes of Geography Content Objective The student will define and explain examples of the five themes of geography.
3 PLACEAll places have attributes that give them meaning and character and distinguish them from other places on earth. Geographers describe place by two specific definitions:Physical Characteristics The physical characteristics of a place make up its natural environment and are derived from geological, hydrological, atmospheric, and biological processes. They include land forms, bodies of water, climate, soils, natural vegetation, and animal life.Human Characteristics: The human characteristics of a place come from human ideas and actions. They include bridges, houses, and parks. Human characteristics of place also include land use, density of population, language patterns, religion, architecture, and political systems.All places have characteristics that give them meaning and character and distinguish them from other places on earth. Geographers describe places by their physical and human characteristics. Physical characteristics include such elements as animal life. Human characteristics of the landscape can be noted in architecture, patterns of livelihood, land use and ownership, town planning, and communication and transportation networks. Languages, as well as religious and political ideologies, help shape the character of a place. Studied together, the physical and human characteristics of places provide clues to help students understand the nature of places on the earth.
4 PLACE Physical Characteristics Those physical features about a place that make it unique
5 PLACEPhysical CharacteristicsWhere are these places??
6 PLACEPhysical CharacteristicsWhere would you find theseanimals??
7 PLACE Physical Characteristics What are some of the physical characteristics that makeLeland unique
8 PLACE Human Characteristics Human Characteristics: The human characteristics of a place come from humanideas and actions. They include bridges, houses, and parks. Human characteristicsof place also include land use, density of population, language patterns, religion,architecture, and political systems.
13 LOCATIONLocation is the second theme of Geography. Location describes where something is, and is broken into two areas:Absolute Location: answers the questions: Where is it? Absolute location is nothing more than a simple dot--often identified as a grid coordinate on the surface of the earth.Latitude and Longitude can be used to pinpoint a location. For example, the absolute location of New Orleans, Louisiana, is 30 degrees north, 90 degrees west. Finding absolute location is the starting point for geographic research.
14 LOCATIONLocation is the second theme of Geography. Location describes where something is, and is broken into two areas:Relative Location: answers the question of where a place is located in relation to other places. For example, New Orleans is located at the place where the Mississippi River empties into the Gulf of Mexico, which gives it easy access to ocean and river shipping. Your home has a relative location. Where is it located in relation to schools, stores, and convenient transportation?
16 LOCATION Absolute Location in practice Not very accurate in the beginning
17 LOCATION Absolute Location in practice Satellite and Global Positioning Systems
18 LOCATIONRelative Location in practiceNear what city??
19 REGION Regions are created by geographers to helps study place – to describe and compare them, for example.Various features are used to classify a place as a region.A region shares the same physical feature(s) — such asland, climate, natural resources, vegetation — orcultural feature(s) — such as language, history,population, or religion.Boundaries of regions change, depending on whatcharacteristic(s) are being examined.
20 REGION One of the most basic regions used by geographers is continents.
21 REGIONRegions Based onPhysical FeaturesLanguageRegions
23 MOVEMENT The theme of movement addresses this question: How and why are places connected with oneanother?Relationships between people in different placesare shaped by the constant movement of people,ideas, materials, and physical systems such aswind, climate, and volcanoes.
24 MOVEMENT Movement of People: Movement of Land: Immigration/Emigration, Urbanization, and PopulationMovement of Land:Plate tectonics, earthquakes, and volcanoes
25 MOVEMENT Movement of People: Understanding the patterns of human movement, the causes, and outcomes of that movement, and the process of that movement
27 Human/Environmental Interaction Refers to how people affect their environment.Humans adapt to and modify their environment forsurvival.Different societies interact with their environmentdifferently. The earth’s vegetation zones, naturalresources, and energy development play a significantrole in the development of a society.
28 Human/Environmental Interaction Humans have settled in virtually every corner of the world by successfully adapting to various natural settings. For example, people who live in the northeastern United States use heating units to keep their homes warm in winter People in the southern part of the country use air conditioning much of the year to stay cool in the heat. The ways people choose to adapt to their settings reflect their economic and political circumstances and their technological abilities.
29 Human/Environmental Interaction How would people need to adapt to or modify their environment to survive in the desert?Desert
30 Human/Environmental Interaction DesertSavannaTropicalHow would people needto adapt to or modify theirenvironment to survive inthese other places?
31 Human/Environmental Interaction What about here?Prairie
32 Human/Environmental Interaction How have people adapted to or modified these environoments?
33 Human/Environmental Interaction What kinds of modifications are illustrated here?
34 Place Location Region Movement Human/Environmental Interaction 5 Themes of GeographyPlaceLocationRegionMovementHuman/Environmental Interaction
35 5 Themes of Geography Content Objective The student will define and explain examples of the five themes of geography.