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Warm up Describe a strategy you use to study for tests and quizzes. What works for you personally. Be prepared to share some of these ideas. Keep in.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm up Describe a strategy you use to study for tests and quizzes. What works for you personally. Be prepared to share some of these ideas. Keep in."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm up Describe a strategy you use to study for tests and quizzes. What works for you personally. Be prepared to share some of these ideas. Keep in mind any games or apps you use. I am looking to brainstorm some of these and help one another.

2 Early supreme court precedents

3 Marbury vs. Madison (1803) Article III
Marbury was appointed a judge through the Judiciary Act, Jefferson blocked Judiciary Act unconstitutional, established judicial review

4 McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
State gov. of Maryland tried to tax the Federal Bank Ruling: Fed bank is allowed under the N+P Clause Fed government is supreme (supremacy clause)

5 Warm up Name the 5 parts of the first amendment.
Which is most important and why?

6 Amending the Constitution
2.7 identify the amendment process

7 The Amendment Process Designed to allow change over time but is difficult Step 1: Proposing 2/3 vote in each house of Congress (26 of 27) or 2/3 vote of joint Congress (21st Amendment) 2/3 of states in a National convention (like with Constitution Convention)

8 3/4 of State Legislatures (26 of 27)
Step Two: Ratifying 3/4 of State Legislatures (26 of 27) 3/4 of State Conventions (21st Amendment) 27th amendment ratified b/w Purple ratified in Yellow ratified twice. Blue ratified between 1978 and green 1992 (passed finally)

9 Bill of rights 2.8 identify the rights in the Bill or Rights

10 Bill of Rights The 1st 10 amendments to the Constitution.
Protection FROM government Protects basic civil liberties

11 1st Amendment R.A.P.P.S. Religion Assembly Petition Press Speech

12 Religion Establishment Clause:
Gov can’t recognize and official religion Free Exercise Clause: people can practice freely

13 Assembly PEACEABLY assemble in groups that we want to associate with

14 Press Protects media from government censorship (restriction) of newspapers, magazines, books, T.V., etc. Government can’t tell you what to read/watch/listen to https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/freedom-press-2014#.VO-HuPnF9K8

15 Petition Right to publicly express personal views and lead for change
Where might this be limited and why?

16 Speech Protects all forms of communication and public expression of beliefs Limits: Slander: spoken lies to damage reputation Libel: written lies to damage reputation Obscenity Hate speech

17 2nd Amendment The Right to Bear Arms

18 Protection from the quartering of troops.
3rd Amendment Protection from the quartering of troops.

19 4th Amendment Guards against unreasonable search & seizures.
Police must have probable cause for a search warrant Reasonable suspicion allows for a search without a warrant

20 5th Amendment Double Jeopardy: Right to not be tried twice for the same crime Grand Jury: a jury that determines whether or not a person will be formally indicted (accused) of a crime. Self incrimination: Right to remain silent Plead the Fifth” Due Process: Societies basic notions (ideas) of legal fairness Eminent Domain: govt. must pay fair price to take your land

21 6th Amendment Speedy & Public Trial Impartial Jury
Right to counsel: attorney or lawyer Self-Representation To be made aware of charges To confront your accuser

22 Right to a jury trial in civil suits involving $20.00 or more
7th Amendment Right to a jury trial in civil suits involving $20.00 or more

23 8th Amendment NO Cruel &/or Unusual Punishment NO Excessive Bail or Fines

24 Rights of The PEOPLE not listed in the constitution.
9th Amendment Rights of The PEOPLE not listed in the constitution.

25 The Reserved powers are protected by this Amendment
10th Amendment Rights of the states The Reserved powers are protected by this Amendment

26 The Hand Method https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82DnWqNKqiI

27 Do You Know Your Rights? You need to identify which amendment and which right in the amendments is being addressed in the scenarios 1st, 5th, 6th, all have multiple parts

28 Warm Up Brainstorm as many related terms for the following words: (if you’re not sure, guess!) 1. Jim Crow Segregation Suffrage

29 2.9 Identify how the Civil War amendments impact different groups of Americans Identify the amendments that promoted suffrage for various groups of Americans

30 Amendments 11 & 12 11: Places limits on suits against other states.
12: president and VP on same ballot

31 Civil War Amendments (13-15)
13th- ended slavery 14th- MOST IMPORTANT AMENDMENT Defines citizenship “equal protection” under the law 15th- African American right to vote (suffrage)

32 III. Progressive Era Amendments
Sixteenth Amendment: Gives Congress the power to levy an income tax Seventeenth Amendment: Enables voters to elect senators directly Eighteenth Amendment: Prohibits making alcohol or selling alcoholic beverages (prohibition) Nineteenth Amendment: Gives women the right to vote

33 Later Amendments Twentieth Amendment: Changes the dates of congressional and presidential terms Twenty-first Amendment: Repeals Prohibition (#18) Twenty-Second Amendment: Limits President to two terms in office Twenty-Third Amendment: (1961) Gives Residents of D.C. the right to vote

34 Twenty-Fourth Amendment: (1964) eliminates the poll tax – they required voters to pay a sum of money before casting their ballot. Twenty-Fifth Amendment: (1967) Establishes procedures for succession of the president

35 Twenty-Sixth Amendment: Sets voting age at 18 years
Twenty-Seventh Amendment: Delays congressional pay raises until the term following their passage

36 Warm UP Does a student have the right to protest at school using the following shirt? Why or why not? Be ready to defend yourself. Does a school official have the right to search your belongings when you are on campus? Why or why not?

37 Analyze the phrase “The constitution is a living document”
2.11 Analyze the phrase “The constitution is a living document”

38 How the Constitution a Living Document?
Amendment process the people can physically change the constitution Based on popular sovereignty Judicial review The Supreme Court can change interpretation of the Constitution Rulings in court cases No popular sovereignty

39 Engel v. Vitale 1st Amendment
Can school administrators encourage school prayer at the start of the day? No school-wide prayer

40 Tinker v. DesMoines 1st Amendment- Freedom of Speech, Petition
Can students peaceably protest at school? Students do have the freedom of peaceful (non-interruptive) petition at school

41 Texas v. Johnson 1st Amendment: Freedom of Speech/Expression
Can the government stop you from being able to express yourself by burning an American flag? Supreme Court decides that flag burning is Constitutionally protected as “symbolic speech”

42 New Jersey v. TLO 4th Amendment
Are searches at school considered “unreasonable”? Searches and seizures are permissible at school without a warrant https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tY4fPF6dijU

43 Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) 14th Amendment- “Equal Protection Clause”
Can states make laws that require segregated public facilities? (schools, bathrooms, etc.) States can require that facilities are “separate, but equal”

44 Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
14th amendment- “Equal protection clause” Was the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson constitutionally correct? “Separate is inherently unequal” – if people are separate they can’t be equal, therefore society must be integrated. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BBEz3Ne-zY

45 Modern Controversy The Patriot Act Passed following 9/11 attacks
Goes against the Bill of Rights: 4th amendment 6th speedy trial, attorney privileges, Limits freedom of speech for librarians

46 14th amendment laws

47 Gallery Walk For each image:
Identify which case it would be related to. Which amendment it is related to. Which right it is related to. There will be a few you may not know the case from today’s notes. Just do parts 2 and 3 for those.


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