4 Push Factors – Emigration (EXIT) Population Growth:Europe's population boomed after 1750, and the land became overcrowdedAgricultural ChangesAs Europe's population grew, so did citiesLandowners wanted to make money selling food to those citiesNew methods made it more efficient to farm large areas of land than to rent small plots to tenantsLandlords forced tenants off the small farms
5 Push Factors – Cause of Emigration Crop Failures:Poor harvests made it difficult for small farmers to pay their debtsSome farmers chose to start over in AmericaCrop failures also led to hunger, causing people to emigrateIndustrial Revolution:Goods produced in factories became cheaper than goods produced by artisansArtisans were out of work, some took factory jobs, others emigratedSee if they can draw parallels between the info on this slide and the bar graph from slide #2.
6 Push Factors – Cause of Emigration Religion:Quakers fled NorwayJewish left GermanyPolitical Turmoil:Germans came after a failed revolution in Germany in 1848The picture is of Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels, he was a German prince and military officer in both the Austrian army. He was the Commissioner General of the Adelsverein (an immigration company based in present day-Germany/Austria), he spearheaded the establishment of colonies of German immigrants in Texas. Prince Solms named New Braunfels, Texas in honor of his homeland. When the settlement filled up, many moved further west to Fredericksburg.
7 Pull Factors –Immigration (In) Freedom:“…to practice the teaching & religion he prefers.”Economic Opportunity:Immigrants sought a land where they could support their families and have a better futureImmigration rose during times of U.S. prosperity and fell during hard timesSee if they can draw parallels from the Germans on the previous slide and how it impacted German immigration.
8 Pull Factors – Cause of Immigration Plenty of Land:Because of the acquisition of the Louisiana Purchase and the Mexican Cession, U.S. offered millions acres of landTo land-starved Europeans, America was a land of opportunityThe story on the graphic is that imagine you are a farmer living in Germany at around 1700, you own 100 acres of land. If you have kids you have a couple of options on what to do with the land. You can give it all to the first-born son, or you can divide amongst the kids. Well, after about 3 to 4 generations that division will be so small that the kids will be receiving only a couple of acres. So, land was a very attractive pull for a German or Irish immigrant.
9 Effects of Immigration Many Problems:Overcrowded citiesLack of sanitationDiseaseCrimeNo housingDealing with Problems:Aid societies founded for immigrantsPoliticians helped in exchange for votesPolice forces created
10 Effects of Immigration Many Positive:A melting potMore Diversity & CultureFoodHamburger-GermanFrankfurter-GermansLanguagesMusicPolka-GermanHolidaysSt. Patrick’s Day- IrishTraditionsChristmas Tree -GermanOtherKindergarten-GermanGerman
11 Opposition to Immigration Native-born Americans feared immigrantsNativistsToo foreign to learn American waysWould outnumber nativesNativists worked to oppose immigrantsRefused to hire themFormed societies to keep them from running for officeFormed a political party- Know-Nothing Party
12 Citizenship Immigrants had a strong impact on American culture Many immigrants became citizens of the United StatesImmigrants appreciated the nation’s values & lawsImmigrants who want to become a citizen must pass multiple exams (& pay money) on:EnglishThe U.S. political systemThe rights and duties of an American citizen
13 Sample Citizenship TEST Questions Who was the first President?George Washington John Adams Abraham Lincoln Thomas JeffersonName one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.World War II Civil War Korean War World War IIf both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?the President Pro Tempore the Speaker of the House the Secretary of State the Secretary of the TreasuryWhat ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?Pacific Ocean Southern Ocean Arctic Ocean Atlantic OceanWhen was the Declaration of Independence adoptedDecember 7, 1787 July 4, 1789 July 4, 1776 March 4, 1789What is the supreme law of the land?the Constitution the Emancipation Proclamation the Declaration of Independence the Articles of Confederation