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LOS PERUANOS EN ITALIA Y EL DESARROLLO DEL PERÚ LIMA, 1ST AUGUST 2006 PRESENCE AND CHARCTERISTICS OF PERUVIANS IN ITALY Anna Ferro CeSPI CentroStudiPoliticaInternazionale.

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Presentation on theme: "LOS PERUANOS EN ITALIA Y EL DESARROLLO DEL PERÚ LIMA, 1ST AUGUST 2006 PRESENCE AND CHARCTERISTICS OF PERUVIANS IN ITALY Anna Ferro CeSPI CentroStudiPoliticaInternazionale."— Presentation transcript:

1 LOS PERUANOS EN ITALIA Y EL DESARROLLO DEL PERÚ LIMA, 1ST AUGUST 2006 PRESENCE AND CHARCTERISTICS OF PERUVIANS IN ITALY Anna Ferro CeSPI CentroStudiPoliticaInternazionale

2 INTERNATIONAL MIGRATIONS OF PERUVIANS >>> increasing trend + european destinations

3 INCREASING TREND of international peruvian migrations –European destinations: Italy and Spain (cultural, social aspects) CAUSES OF MIGRATION: push and pull factors ROLE OF NETWORKS – transnationalism (internet, money transfer, correos, travel connections, phone centres, ethnic business, associationism…) ITALY - specificity –increasing presence of peruvians - authorized and unauthorized –Dual labour market pull factors labour shortage – low skilled occupations (ie. domestic work, elderly care assistance, construction…) Black market economy –Immigration system: Entry: Work permit and family reunification Work permit: quota system and reserved quotas for specific nationalities (not for peruvians) Migrant strategy: tourist visa – work in the irregular market – rely on regularization (sanatorie) INTRO

4 PERMITS TO STAY 1992 – 2004 >>> INCREASING PRESENCE

5 PERMITS TO STAY >>> MIGRATORY INCREASING TREND

6 PERMITS TO STAY >>> WORK + FAMILY REUNION

7 REGULARIZATION >>> LARGE UNAUTHORIZED PRESENCE

8 GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF PERUVIANS >>> NORTH WEST CONCENTRATION

9 DISTRIBUTION OF PERUVIAN VOTERS* Total*: sum of the peruvians registered in each city >>>NORTH WEST – URBAN CONCENTRATION >>> NORTH WEST – URBAN CONCENTRATION Fonte: Elaborazione Cespi, Dati Consolari Peru, 2006

10 COMPARING CITY OF ROME AND LAZIO REGION >>> URBAN CONCENTRATION Fonte: Elaborazione Cespi, Dati Consolari Peru, 2006

11 AGE COHORTS – PERUVIAN VOTERS IN MAIN ITALIAN CITIES* Total*: cities of Milano, Turin, Rome, Genoa, Florence, Bologna, Trieste, Naples >>> 94.5% IS AGED Fonte: Elaborazione Cespi, Dati Consolari Peru, 2006

12 FEMINIZATION OF PERUVIAN VOTERS* Total*: cities of Milano, Turin, Rome, Genoa, Florence, Bologna, Trieste, Naples Fonte: Elaborazione Cespi, Dati Consolari Peru, 2006

13 FEMALE-MALE PERUVIAN VOTERS IN MAIN ITALIAN CITIES Fonte: Elaborazione Cespi, Dati Consolari Peru, 2006

14 EDUCATION DEGREE OF PERUVIANS VOTERS* Total*: summing data on completed and incompleted education degree Total**: refers to cities of Milano, Turin, Rome, Genoa, Florence, Bologna, Trieste, Naples Lletrado: this category is pretty inconsistent. The category especiales – almost irrelevant – has been added to this. Fonte: Elaborazione Cespi, Dati Consolari Peru, 2006 >>> HIGH EDU. + DOWNGRADING

15 EDUCATION DEGREE OF PERUVIAN VOTERS BY SEX *Total: main Italian cities (Milan, Turin, Rome, Genoa) Fonte: Elaborazione Cespi, Dati Consolari Peru 2006

16 REGULARIZATION – SECTOR ACTIVITY >>>FEMINIZATION - DOMESTIC WORK- LABOUR M. SEGREGATION

17 PERUVIAN ENTREPRENEURSHIP Fonte: Elaborazione Cespi, Dati Camera di Commercio, Unioncamere >>> DYNAMISM + GEOGRAPHICAL CONCENTRATION

18 ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY Fonte: Camera di Commercio, Unioncamere >>> DYNAMISM

19 ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY Fonte: Camera di Commercio, Unioncamere >>> FEMALE INACTIVTY

20 FIELDWORK FINDINGS MIGRATORY PROJECT –HOUSING INDIVIDUAL - COMMUNITY –fragmented and competing –Weak collective initiatives NATIONAL ETHNIC IDENTITY – ASSOCIATIONS –Culture, folklore, parties –Futbòl –Religion PUBLIC SPACE –meetings, interaction, circulation of information, ethnic business (lack of structures) ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITIES –Sectors –Problems: training/credit/personal savings/juntas –Transnational interest

21 Thanks! For more information:


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