Presentation on theme: "(1797-1851) English author who wrote the Gothic horror story Frankenstein or; The Modern Prometheus (1818)"— Presentation transcript:
(1797-1851) English author who wrote the Gothic horror story Frankenstein or; The Modern Prometheus (1818)
Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin born on 30 August 1797 - London, England 2 nd daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)
Feminist - A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792). Had 2 children in her lifetime, Fanny Imlay, was born May 14, 1794. Unwed mother. Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, 1797 The mother died of "child-bed“ fever 11 days later.
Believed in alternative, free, education. William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft became lovers. Got pregnant: Wollstonecraft asked Godwin to marry her in Eventually married BUT he was deeply critical of marriage in this instance the ‘goods’ outweighed the ‘evils’).
1801 Father Remarried Mary Jane Clairmont. gained a stepsister, Claire. Claire and Mary would remain very close for the rest of their lives. Result: bitter times for Mary Cruel step mother Emotionally distant father consoled herself: mother’s graveside & Scotland Evil Stepmother?
Sweet Step-Sister Portrait By Aemilia Curran, 1819’ Claire Clairmont half-sister, ran off w/ Mary and Percy to Lake Geneva was present when Mary first made up the story of Frankenstein. Love affair with Lord Byron daughter, Allegra, January 1817.
Mary’s Education Tutors. Studied : parent’s writings literature and poetry Latin, French, and Italian. Enlightenment literary figures William Blake Samuel Taylor Coleridge Charles Lamb. 1 st publication: a poem at the age of 10.
PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY political radical free-thinker He & 1st wife Harriet visited Godwin's London.
Eloped: July 1814 @ 16 Godwin wont speak for the next 2 ½ years Harriet, Percy’s 1 st wife, is pregnant with 2 nd child Harriet gives birth in November 1814.
1815 - Clara, born premature. Dies 2 weeks later. 1816 Harriet: suicide Percy and Mary get married 1816- William (1816-1819) 1817- 2 nd daughter, Clara (1817-1819) 1819 – Percy Florence Shelley
1822, nearly fatal miscarriage Percy sailing a sudden storm struck and it sank. Percy’s body washed ashore Mary compiles his writing in The Complete Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe (1824).
1823 Mary returned to England w/son Percy. Percy Bysshe’s father Sir Timothy Shelley provided an annual income Percy, Jr. inherited estate and title in 1844 Mary: wrote numerous short stories, essays, poems, and reviews
The Last Man (1826) Perkin Warbeck (1830) Ledore (1835) Falkner (1837) Rambles in Germany and Italy (1844) Other works
Bouts of illness beginning in1840’s Died at home in London, age of 54 on 1 February 1851. Buried in St. Peter’s Bournemouth, Dorset, England.
What do you think drew Mary to Percy Shelley? What do you think was the saddest part of her story? The best part? How do you think her life impacted her writing of Frankenstein?