Presentation on theme: "AN OVERVIEW OF THE BIBLE"— Presentation transcript:
1 AN OVERVIEW OF THE BIBLE Ascension Men’sBible Study
2 Let’s Get Acquainted with the Bible General Theme of the BibleHow the Bible developedBible Timelines and CovenantsWhat was the time for each bookThe Old and New TestamentsWords used in our Catholic Faith Expression
3 Theme or Purpose of the Bible What is the primary story throughout the Bible?The Bible is the story of God’s Love for His chosen people.What method does God use to express His love for His chosen people?Expressed by relating God’s Covenants in the stories given to us in the Books of the Bible
4 Covenants What is a Covenant? Covenant MediatorAdamNoahAbramMosesDavidJesusCovenant RoleHusbandFatherChieftainJudgeKingRoyal High PriestCovenant formMarriageHouseholdTribeNationNational KingdomCatholic ChurchCovenant SignSabbathRainbowCircumcisionPassoverThroneEucharistScripture ReferenceGen 1:26 – 2:3Gen 9:8-17Gen 12:1-3; 22:16-18Ex 19:5-6; 3:4-102 Sm 7:8-19Mt 26:26-28What is a Covenant?It means to “come together” or “to agree”. Involves a formal, solemn and binding pact between two or more parties. Each party must live up to its end of the bargain. It is more than a contract in that it is an exchange of persons versus the exchange of properties.It is sworn by a promise and an oath
5 The development of the Bible Oral Traditions/storiesScribes began writing down these accounts as literacy was developedAssembly of the stories was first started in the time of the KingsProphets were often literate or had scribes who wrote for themNew Testament writings were written by clerks or assistants of the apostles, eye witnesses, or by the Apostles themselves
6 The development of the Bible What does it mean when we say the Bible is “inspired”?When and where does “inspiration” take place?ScripturePreachingIndividual letting the Holy Spirit speak to usWhat does our catechism say about inspiration of the scriptures?Inspiration: CCC105 God is the author of Sacred Scripture. "The divinely revealed realities, which are contained and presented in the text of Sacred Scripture, have been written down under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit." "For Holy Mother Church, relying on the faith of the apostolic age, accepts as sacred and canonical the books of the Old and the New Testaments, whole and entire, with all their parts, on the grounds that, written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, they have God as their author, and have been handed on as such to the Church herself."
7 How was it assembled? What does the word Bible mean? Library or collection of booksWhat do we know about how the Bible was put together?Assembling the Bible (library) took a long timeChoices had to be made about which writingsGeneral usage within Judaism and Christianity played a major role.Are there differences between our Catholic Bible and other Bibles?Catholic Bible contains books that are not included in some other BiblesCatholic Bible contains some writings that are not in other Bibles
8 The “Canon” What do we mean when we say “Canon”? What criteria was used for selecting the books to be included?The books included in the Canon were in common use in the Christian community from early on as the teachings of the Apostles were written – by approximately 300 A.D. a definitive set were in general useThe books supported the theme of God’s love for his people.The Official Roman Catholic Bible was not approved in its final form until the Council of Trent in the 16th Century
9 Timelines and Covenants 1000 BCBeginningDATEMonarchyCreationMessiahERA1. Adam - MarriageCOVENANTS5. David – National Kingdom6. Jesus – Catholic Church2. Noah - Household3. Abram - Tribe4. Moses - NationCovenant is the central thread woven throughout scripture. The stories describe how God the Father, through a series of covenants moves from dealing with one couple to the whole world. Viewing the history of salvation through the covenants enables us to see the fatherly wisdom and power of God.
10 The Books of the Bible How are the books organized/arranged? OLD TESTAMENTThe PentateuchHistorical BooksWisdom BooksProphetic BooksNEW TESTAMENTGospelsNew Testament LettersCatholic Letters
11 Books of the Bible Old Testament 900 BC1000 BCBeginning1200 BCDATEMonarchyCreationJudgesERAAdam - MarriageCOVENANTSDavid - KingdomNoah - HouseholdAbram - Tribe1 SamuelMoses - NationGenesis2 SamuelJoshua1 KingsExodusJudges1 ChroniclesLeviticusRuth2 ChroniclesPsalmsNumbersProverbsDeuteronomy
12 Books of the Bible Old Testament 900 BC800 BCDATEDividedKingdomBabylonianExileERACOVENANTS2 KingsNahumSong of SongsHabakkukEcclesiastesZephaniahAmosJeremiahEzekielHoseaDanielIsaiahLamentationsMicahObadiahJonahBaruch
13 Books of the Bible Old Testament 100 BC500 BC300 BCDATEfrom ExileReturnERACOVENANTSZechariahHaggaiJudith1st MaccabeesJoel2nd MaccabeesEzraTobitEstherSirachNehemiahJobBook of WisdomMalachi
14 Books of the Bible New Testament 70 AD90 AD100 AD48 ADDATECOVENANTJesus – Catholic ChurchColossians1 ThessaloniansJudePhilemonMarkJohnActs2 Thessalonians1 JohnTitus1 Corinthians2 JohnGalatians2 Corinthians1 Timothy3 JohnRomans2 TimothyRevelationJames1 PeterLuke2 PeterEphesiansHebrewsPhilippiansMatthew
15 The relationship between the Old Testament and the New Testament What is the relationship between the Old and the New Testaments?The New Testament is revealed through the Old Testament when we see the “types” or representatives of Jesus in the Old Testament figures.