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Organizational Structure of the Hospital

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1 Organizational Structure of the Hospital
Unit 2-Health careers

2 Careers in Health Care Do I have a place in a health science career?
Every hospital, large or small, has an organizational structure that allows for the efficient management of departments. Why is it important for Health Care Facilities to develop and organizational structure? The structure is designed to ensure that health care workers are focused on their specific roles and scope of practice

3 Why is Organizational Structure Important?
Facilitates (simplifies) the understanding of the hospital’s chain of command. Shows which individual or department is accountable for each area of the hospital. The complexity (complication) of organizational structure depends on size of healthcare facility; large acute care hospitals have complicated structures, whereas, the smaller institutions have a much simpler organizational structure. Grouping hospital departments. Each hospital department performs specific functions, departments are generally grouped according to similarity of duties in order to promote efficiency of the healthcare facility.

4 5 Common Organizational Categories
Administration Services (often referred to simply as “Administration”) Information Services Therapeutic Services Diagnostic Services Support Services (sometimes referred to as “Environmental Services”)

5 Roles in the Organizational Structure
1. Hospital Administration: Manage and oversee the operation of departments Oversee budgeting and finance Establish hospital policies and procedures Perform public relation duties Who are they? Hospital President, Vice Presidents, Executive Assistants, Department Heads

6 Roles in the Organizational Structure
2. Informational Services: Documents and process information. Admissions personnel-are usually the public’s first contact with the hospital and check patients into hospital and obtain demographics of each patient and assign patients their hospital room and their hospital identification number Billing and Collection Departments-responsible for billing patients for services rendered Health Information Management -responsible for maintaining copies of all patient records

7 Roles in the Organizational Structure
Cont… Information Services-responsible for computers and hospital network Health Education-responsible for staff and patient health-related education Human Resources-responsible for recruiting/ hiring employees and employee benefits

8 Roles in the Organizational Structure
3. Therapeutic Services – provides treatment to patients (See Therapeutic Services Handout) Physical Therapy (PT) Occupational Therapy (OT) Speech/Language Pathology Respiratory Therapy (RT) Medical Psychology Social Services Pharmacy Dietary Sports Medicine Nursing (RN, LVN, LPN)

9 Roles in Organizational Structure
4. Diagnostic Services – determines cause(s) of illness or injury. Includes the following departments: Medical Laboratory (MT) -- studies body tissues to determine abnormalities. Imaging a. studies images of body parts to determine lesions and abnormalities. Includes Diagnostic Radiology, MRI, CT, Ultra Sound. Emergency Medicine -- provides emergency diagnoses and treatment

10 Roles in Organizational Structure
5. Support Services-provides support to entire hospital. Central Supply-in charge of ordering, receiving, stocking and distributing all equipment and supplies used by healthcare facility, sterilizes instruments and supplies, cleans and maintains hospital linen and patient gowns. Biomedical Technology-designs and build biomedical equipment (engineers) by diagnosing and repairing defective equipment (biomedical technicians) and also provides preventative maintenance to all hospital equipment. Housekeeping and Maintenance-maintains a safe clean environment by cleaners, electricians, carpenters, and gardeners.


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