Presentation on theme: "The Industrial Revolution. Before 1750 Life was primarily rural Short life expectancy –Men 31 years –Women 33 years Feast and famine Availability of food."— Presentation transcript:
Before 1750 Life was primarily rural Short life expectancy –Men 31 years –Women 33 years Feast and famine Availability of food depended on success of crops every year Limited trade (because of transportation)
Agricultural Revolution Agricultural Revolution made the Industrial Revolution possible Agricultural Revolution: –Drastically improved farming –Made it possible for fewer people to produce food for many more people
Agricultural Revolution Made possible by: 1.Enclosures: Large farms with better seeding and harvesting methods 2.Crop Rotation: Changing crops every year to improve the land 3.Livestock Breeding Improvements: Only breeding best animals
Labor The Agricultural Revolution had increased England’s population –Greater food supply = population increase –Enclosure movement = people in cities
Capital Money to invest in labor, machines and raw materials. Entrepreneurs – brought together labor, capital and raw materials – took risks
Partner Quiz! Partner 1 has Partner 2 cover their notes and asks them Question 1. Then, Partner 2 has Partner 1 cover their notes and asks them Question 2 –What 3 factors made the Agricultural Rev possible? –What 3 factors of production did England have that made it the birthplace of IR?
Inventions New inventions drive Industrial Revolution –Textile Industry –Flying shuttle and spinning jenny Steam Engine –Made more efficient by James Watt –Why important? Power for industry Power for trains and boats
Impact of Railroad System 4 major impacts 1.Spurred growth of industry 2.Created jobs 3.Boosted farming/fishing industries 4.New way for people to get around
Exit Slip Questions How did rising population help the Industrial Revolution? What effect did entrepreneurs have on the Industrial Revolution? Do you agree or disagree with the statement that the steam engine was the greatest invention of the Industrial Revolution? Why? How did the railroad change Britain?
Rise of cities Industrial Revolution gave rise to urbanization –Rapid growth of cities Number of European cities with populations 100,000+ more than doubled between 1800-1850
Factories and growth of cities Most factories were built close to energy sources –Water –Coal Industrial centers emerge
Factory Production Concentrates production in one place [materials, labor]. Located near sources of power [rather than labor or markets]. Requires a lot of capital investment [factory, machines, etc.] more than skilled labor. Only 10% of English industry in 1850.
Spread of Industrial Revolution The Napoleonic Wars hampered development of industry in Europe during the early 1800’s Eventually, the Industrial Revolution does reach continental Europe
Spreading the wealth England was very protective of industry patents Eventually designs are smuggled out or copied and find their way to other European countries
Who’s on board Germany, Italy, France, Belgium are among European nations that industrialize Other countries such as Spain, Austria- Hungary and others did not –Geography - mountain ranges –Lack of natural resources –Transportation issues
An uneven playing field European (and American) industrialization leads to Global Inequality What does it mean? –Industrialized countries rich; others poor –People - Rich get richer; poor stay poor
Imperialism Industrialized countries needed raw materials They also needed markets for manufactured goods Stronger, industrialized countries extend their rule over poorer nations Rich get richer
Reforming the Industrial World Industrial Revolution had created a huge gap between rich and poor in Europe
This leads to… Capitalism Socialism Communism And other effects…