Italy Living and working in Italy. General information location Southern Europe area km2 capitalRome, 2,7 mil main cities Milan, Rome, Naples,
Presentation on theme: "Italy Living and working in Italy. General information location Southern Europe area 301.338 km2 capitalRome, 2,7 mil main cities Milan, Rome, Naples,"— Presentation transcript:
Italy Living and working in Italy
General information location Southern Europe area km2 capitalRome, 2,7 mil main cities Milan, Rome, Naples, Genoa, Florence, Bologna border countries: France, Switzerland, Slovenia, Austria official languageItalian currencyeuro
General Information population 59,6 mil ethnicity 95,03 % Italians religion97,67 % catholics political systemParliamentary republic
Learning Italian Knowledge of the Italian language is a basic requisite for doing the majority part of works. In order to improve knowledge of Italian, it is advisable to attend courses in any Italian Cultural Institute. For further information, consult the nearest Employment Centre, and the offices of the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research,
Economy Italy has a capitalistic economy, which remains divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less- developped, agricultural south according to GDP calculations, Italy was ranked as the seventh largest economy in the world in 2006 one of the worlds largest exporter of manufactured goods Italy's major exports are motor vehicles (FIAT, APRILLA, DUCATI), food industry ( BARILLA, MARTINI, CAMPARI) and fashion industry( ARMANI, VALENTINI, VERSACE, PRADA, BENETTON)
Lombardy Region Lombardy is a region in the North-East of Italy, with the Alps, the Valley of the river Po and Milan as its capital. The region consists of the following provinces: Provincia di Bergamo Provincia di Brescia Provincia di Como Provincia di Cremona Provincia di Lecco Provincia di Varese Provincia di Lodi Provincia di Mantova Provincia di Monza e Brianza Provincia di Milano Provincia di Pavia Provincia di Sondrio
Working in Italy
Main sectors Tourism Machinery Iron and steel Chemicals Food processing Textiles Motor vehicles Clothing Footwear Ceramics Agriculture Services
Job opportunities Construction -building sector Building Construction Labourers, Carpenters Tourism sector Hotel restaurant staff - entertainer (all year through but in particular in summer and winter seasons) Health Nurses, health treatment Services computer graphics multimedia, ITC professionals, personal services, connected with the ageing of the population in need of care at home
Working conditions Medium Salary (for a year) Normal hours of work: total 40 hours per week (The CCNL can allow for a working week of less than 40 hours) Night shifts hours are normaly from midnight to 7am Minimum annual leave - 4 weeks (20 days) Break: 30-60min
Type of employment Subordinate employment Self-employment Public Sector employment
Job Search-national websites
EURES in Italy EURES Network EURES (European Employment Services) is a network of co-operation between the European Commission and the national public employment services of the Member States. The Italian EURES job offers can be seen directly on the web (address: and through the localeuropa.eu.int/eures EURES Adviser, whose names and locations are listed in the website as well as directly on the website ofwww.lavoro.gov.it the Commission
EURES- Provincia di Milano
Public Employment Services I CENTRI PER LIMPIEGO
Searching a job in Internet Professional e Freelance Qualified English German - French
Newspapers Il Sole 24 ore on Monday Italia Oggi La Repubblica Thursday Il Corriere della sera Friday La stampa Il messaggero.it
Running your own business A BUSINESS OWNER MUST Be over 18 Register with the chamber of commerce for Industry Craft and Agriculture Have a business tax number (IVA-VAT) Possess the prerequisites for every area of ownership
Working in the public sector Public Contest One can participate by public competion, pending recognition of prior study relevant to the contest. Certain jobs are reserved only for Italian citizens (managerial & strategics post, diplomats, law enforcement) Registration in the list for selection by a pubblic entity (art.16) – must have lower school certificate and professional qualificiation asked Call up of those registered in certain lists pertaining to protected categories (that is disadvantaged persons such as orphans, widows, victims of war, those with learning and mobility difficolties)
Working in the private sector Access via: Employment Centres Employment Agencies Eures Major daily newpapers Applying for potential postions
Living in Italy
Accommodation Means of finding accomodation: Word of mouth Advertising Real Estate agents Rented accommodation: Small flats: 450 per month Small houses: per month Rooms: 350 per month Large cities are more expensive and accommodation can be difficult to find.
Prices Cigarettes 4,20 Loaf of bread 2,50 Sandwich 1,50 Cup of Coffee 0,80 Pint of beer 3,30 Glass of wine 2,00 Chocolate bar 1,00 Pizza 6,00 Cinema ticket 7,00 Short bus journey 1,00 Football match 25,00 Meal in a restaurant 35,00
Educational System PRE-SCHOOL Duration: 3 years Boys and girls can be registered from the age of 2 and a half. Primary School Duration: 5 years Optional at the age of 5 and a half. Compulsory at the age of 6. Introduction to a European language from the 2 nd class. Use of the computer. 1 st level secondary school Duration: 3 years Introduction of a second European language. Use of computer technologies. Tutored guidance for the choice of the subsequent pathway. Possibility of choosing between two pathways: secondary schools and education-vocational training. SECONDARY SCHOOLS Duration: 5 years 8 fields: art, classics, human sciences, economics, linguistics, music, science, technology. EDUCATION-VOCATIONAL TRAINING Duration:variable, minimum years After 3 years, the first qualification spendable in the labour market and recognised at the national and European level. Possibility of gaining further qualifications spendable in the labour market and for access to higher vocational training.
University Courses Degree3-year duration. This provides the students with basic preparation, together with specific vocational skills. Specialist Degree2-year duration, with access after gaining the Degree. It provides students with more qualified training on specific subjects. First- and Second-level Masters Degree With access only after gaining the ordinary or specialist degree. This provides the opportunity for advanced scientific and vocational education with lifelong learning and continuing training Specialisation CourseThe students are provided with specific knowledge and abilities, in carrying out specific professional activities, also considering the laws and directives issued by the EU. PhDAccess is through a competitive exam, after gaining the specialist degree. These are courses for perfectioning methodologies for research and higher scientific training, always in the same sector. These courses last 3 or 4 years.
Public Health System Foreign citizens in Italy are entitled to use public health service EU citizens with the old E111 or the European medical card TEAM are entitled to urgent and necessary medical attention if they stay less than 3 months If they stay more than 3 months they need to be employed or registered at the CIF or to benefit of a pension or to be a the holder of these E-forms: E106 – E109 or E37 – E120 – E121 or E33) In any other case they need to have an health insurance
European Health Insurance Card La ha sostituito il modulo E111 per i cittadini EU che desiderano usufruire dell Assistenza Sanitaria nei Paesi EU
Social Security System The main organisations in this sector are the INPS and INAIL. INPS (Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale - National Social Security Institute) is the largest Italian social security body and has jurisdiction with regard to the compulsory social-security contributions that all employers or self-employed workers must pay. INAIL (Istituto Nazionale Assicurazioni Infortuni sul Lavoro - National Institute of Insurance Against Accidents at Work) has jurisdiction over accidents at work and occupational diseases, for which benefits are paid.
INPS ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DELLA PREVIDENZA SOCIALE (National Istitute of Social Welfare) National Insurance is deducted from wages: Company with less than 15 employees (9,19%) Company with more than 15 employees (9,49%) Apprentice (5,54%) The amount you pay depends on how much you earn Self-employed people must pay their own national Insurance
INAIL Istituto nazionale Assicurazione sul Lavoro e Malattie Professionali National Insurance Institute Against Accident at Work In case of an accident at work, an allowance is provided by INAIL The employer is obliged to protect the worker from the risk of possible injury or illness at work
Unemployment Benefit Declaration of status (registration at public employment service – CIF) At least 2 years assurance against unemployment At least 52 weekly contributions in last 2 years before becoming unemployed
Tax System In the Italian judicial system there are two tax categories: Direct and indirect: Direct tax affects income and property Indirect tax applies to tranfer of goods, commercial transactions and consumers Ministry of the Economy and Finance: Regional Tax Departments:
Table of tax rates INCOME BANDSTAX RATE up to euro23% Over Up to euro27% Over Up to euro38% Over Up to euro41% Over %
CV/Resume Personal details: name, address, telephone numbers, , nationality, date of birth and marital status, driving licence, car Education: describe the general content of your education, starting from latest. Degree with marks years and exams. Diploma, other qualification Work experience: Include a brief description of each job/position, duration, field of activity, stages, starting from latest. Foreign languages: mother-tongue, spoken and written level, certification (toefl, Delf,) system of learning. IT skills: systems (windows,unix), programmes (word,excel,pp) internet. Hobby/personal Interests: non professional interests and leisure activities, sport, visiting foreign countries, social activity, voluntary service. AT THE END Acconsento al trattamento dei miei dati personali, come da Dlgs 196/03
Cover letter Send a short letter with your CV or application form 1 page typed in Italian Explain why you have the right skills for the job Explain why you want to work for the company Write a new letter for each application so it matches the job description State when you can start work AT THE END Acconsento al trattamento dei miei dati personali, come da Dlgs 196/03.
Interview Interviews are usally formal There may be more than one person interviewing you Find out as much as you can about the company Always dress smartly
Interview- frequent questions Why do you want to work in Italy? Speak about yourself about what you did the last 2 years Do you like travelling? reading? Your last travel, book… Describe yourself with 3 adjectives How do you judge yourself? What do you know about our company? If you could choose, what kind of job would you like to do? What is your professional project? What is your personal style?What you dont like to do?
Diploma and University Degree Obtained in another country are not automatically recognized. Every submission is examined by the relevant authority The general system does not apply to regulated professions (G.P.s, medical specialists, nurses, dentists, ostetricians, veterinarians, pharmacists, architects)
Recognition of Qualifications For UE recognition of qualification is governed by Lisbon Convention that ratifies for member citizens the right to recognition of higher learning qualifications There is a network of national information centres- NARIC.)
Tips People are strongly advised that: The ability to speak Italian is essential for most jobs Search for a job online To look up the offers of the CIF To get in touch with an EURES Adviser
Useful documents if you stay less than 3 months: Current identity card or passport Fiscal code number at Entries Agency CV and cover letter better in Italian Good Italian knowledge Experience and/or diploma European medical card TEAM Personal tax number (To obtain a tax number visit the local tax office, with a valid identification document
Useful links Embassies : Centri per limpiego: Private agencies: Police : Ministry of Finance:
EURES Lombardy Laura Robustini Eures Adviser Rosaria Petrillo Carmen Segovia EURES-Provincia di Milano Polo Orientamento – Provincia di Milano Via Soderini, 24 – Milano Tel Fax