2General information location Southern Europe area 301.338 km2 capital Rome, 2,7 milmain cities Milan, Rome, Naples, Genoa, Florence, Bolognaborder countries: France, Switzerland, Slovenia, Austriaofficial language Italiancurrency euro
3General Information population 59,6 mil ethnicity 95,03 % Italians religion 97,67 % catholicspolitical system Parliamentary republic
4Learning ItalianKnowledge of the Italian language is a basic requisite fordoing the majority part of works. In order to improveknowledge of Italian, it is advisable to attend courses inany Italian Cultural Institute.For further information, consult the nearestEmployment Centre, and the offices of the Ministryof Education, Universities and Research,
5EconomyItaly has a capitalistic economy, which remains divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less- developped, agricultural southaccording to GDP calculations, Italy was ranked as theseventh largest economy in the world in 2006one of the world’s largest exporter of manufactured goodsItaly's major exports are motor vehicles (FIAT, APRILLA, DUCATI), food industry ( BARILLA, MARTINI, CAMPARI) and fashion industry( ARMANI, VALENTINI, VERSACE,PRADA, BENETTON)
8Lombardy is a region in the North-East of Italy, with the Alps, the Lombardy RegionLombardy is a region in the North-East of Italy, with the Alps, theValley of the river Po and Milan as its capital.The region consists of the following provinces:Provincia di BergamoProvincia di BresciaProvincia di ComoProvincia di CremonaProvincia di LeccoProvincia di VareseProvincia di LodiProvincia di MantovaProvincia di Monza e BrianzaProvincia di MilanoProvincia di PaviaProvincia di Sondrio
10Main sectors Tourism Machinery Iron and steel Chemicals Food processingTextilesMotor vehiclesClothingFootwearCeramicsAgricultureServices
11Job opportunities Construction -building sector Building Construction Labourers, CarpentersTourism sectorHotel restaurant staff - entertainer (all year through but inparticular in summer and winter seasons)HealthNurses, health treatmentServicescomputer graphics multimedia, ITC professionals, personal services, connected with the ageing of the population in need of care at home
12Working conditions Medium Salary 22 053 € (for a year) Normal hours of work: total 40 hours per week(The CCNL can allow for a working week ofless than 40 hours)Night shifts hours are normaly from midnight to 7amMinimum annual leave - 4 weeks (20 days)Break: min
13Type of employment Subordinate employment Self-employment Public Sector employment
15EURES in Italy EURES Network EURES (European Employment Services) is a network of co-operation between the European Commission and the national public employment services of the Member States.The Italian EURES job offers can be seen directly on the web(address: and through the localEURES Adviser, whose names and locations are listed in thewebsite , as well as directly on the website ofthe Commission
22Seasonal Work AGRICOLTURA www.vinitaliaonline.net www.infoimprese.it TOURISM
23Running your own business A BUSINESS OWNER MUSTBe over 18Register with the chamber of commerce for Industry Craft and AgricultureHave a business tax number (IVA-VAT)Possess the prerequisites for every area of ownership
24Working in the public sector Public ContestOne can participate by public competion, pending recognition of prior study relevant to the contest. Certain jobs are reserved only for Italian citizens (managerial & strategics post, diplomats, law enforcement)Registration in the list for selection by a pubblic entity (art.16) – must have lower school certificate and professional qualificiation askedCall up of those registered in certain lists pertaining to “protected categories” (that is disadvantaged persons such as orphans, widows, victims of war, those with learning and mobility difficolties)
25Working in the private sector Access via:Employment CentresEmployment AgenciesEuresMajor daily newpapersApplying for potential postions
27Accommodation Means of finding accomodation: Word of mouth Advertising Real Estate agentsRented accommodation:Small flats: 450 € per monthSmall houses: 700 € € per monthRooms: 350 € per monthLarge cities are more expensive and accommodation canbe difficult to find.
28Prices Cigarettes 4,20€ Loaf of bread 2,50€ Sandwich 1,50€ Cup of Coffee ,80€Pint of beer ,30€Glass of wine ,00€Chocolate bar ,00€Pizza ,00€Cinema ticket ,00€Short bus journey ,00€Football match ,00€Meal in a restaurant ,00€
29Educational System PRE-SCHOOL Duration: 3 years Boys and girls can be registered from the age of 2 and a half.Primary SchoolDuration: 5 yearsOptional at the age of 5 and a half. Compulsory at the age of 6. Introduction to a European language from the 2nd class. Use of the computer.1st level secondary schoolIntroduction of a second European language. Use of computer technologies. Tutored guidance for the choice of the subsequent pathway.Possibility of choosing between two pathways: secondary schools and education-vocational training.SECONDARY SCHOOLS8 fields: art, classics, human sciences, economics, linguistics, music, science, technology.EDUCATION-VOCATIONAL TRAININGDuration:variable, minimum yearsAfter 3 years, the first qualification spendable in the labour market and recognised at the national and European level. Possibility of gaining further qualifications spendable in the labour market and for access to higher vocational training.
30University Courses Degree 3-year duration. This provides the students with basic preparation, together with specific vocational skills.Specialist Degree2-year duration, with access after gaining the Degree. It provides students with more qualified training on specific subjects.First- and Second-level Master’s DegreeWith access only after gaining the ordinary or specialist degree. This provides the opportunity for advanced scientific and vocational education with lifelong learning and continuing trainingSpecialisation CourseThe students are provided with specific knowledge and abilities, in carrying out specific professional activities, also considering the laws and directives issued by the EU.PhDAccess is through a competitive exam, after gaining the specialist degree. These are courses for perfectioning methodologies for research and higher scientific training, always in the same sector. These courses last 3 or 4 years.
31Public Health SystemForeign citizens in Italy are entitled to use public health serviceEU citizens with the old E111 or the European medical card TEAM are entitled to urgent and necessary medical attention if they stay less than 3 monthsIf they stay more than 3 monthsthey need to be employed or registered at the CIF or to benefit of a pension or to be a the holder of these E-forms:E106 – E109 or E37 – E120 – E121 or E33)In any other case they need to have an health insurance
32European Health Insurance Card La ha sostituito il modulo E111 per i cittadini EU che desiderano usufruire dell’ Assistenza Sanitaria nei Paesi EU
33Social Security System The main organisations in this sector are the INPS and INAIL.INPS (Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale - National Social Security Institute) is the largest Italian social security body and has jurisdiction with regard to the compulsory social-security contributions that all employers or self-employed workers must pay.INAIL (Istituto Nazionale Assicurazioni Infortuni sul Lavoro - National Institute of Insurance Against Accidents at Work) has jurisdiction over accidents at work and occupational diseases, for which benefits are paid.
34INPS ISTITUTO NAZIONALE DELLA PREVIDENZA SOCIALE (National Istitute of Social Welfare) National Insurance is deducted from wages:Company with less than 15 employees (9,19%)Company with more than 15 employees (9,49%)Apprentice (5,54%)The amount you pay depends on how much you earnSelf-employed people must pay their own nationalInsurance
35INAIL Istituto nazionale Assicurazione sul Lavoro e Malattie Professionali National Insurance Institute Against Accident at WorkIn case of an accident at work, an allowance is provided by INAILThe employer is obliged to protect the worker from the risk of possible injury or illness at work
36Unemployment BenefitDeclaration of status (registration at public employment service – CIF)At least 2 years assurance against unemployment• At least 52 weekly contributions in last 2 years before becoming unemployed
37Tax SystemIn the Italian judicial system there are two tax categories:Direct and indirect:Direct tax affects income and propertyIndirect tax applies to tranfer of goods, commercial transactions and consumersMinistry of the Economy and Finance:Regional Tax Departments:
38Table of tax rates INCOME BANDS TAX RATE up to 15.000 euro 23% OverUp to euro27%OverUp to euro38%OverUp to euro41%Over43%
39CV/ResumePersonal details: name, address, telephone numbers, , nationality, date of birth and marital status, driving licence, carEducation: describe the general content of your education, starting from latest. Degree with marks years and exams. Diploma, other qualificationWork experience: Include a brief description of each job/position, duration, field of activity, stages, starting from latest.Foreign languages: mother-tongue, spoken and written level, certification (toefl, Delf,) system of learning.IT skills: systems (windows,unix), programmes (word,excel,pp) internet .Hobby/personal Interests: non professional interests and leisure activities, sport, visiting foreign countries, social activity, voluntary service.AT THE END “Acconsento al trattamento dei miei dati personali, come da Dlgs 196/03
40Cover letter Send a short letter with your CV or application form 1 page typed in ItalianExplain why you have the right skills for the jobExplain why you want to work for the companyWrite a new letter for each application so it matches the job descriptionState when you can start workAT THE END “Acconsento al trattamento dei miei dati personali, come da Dlgs 196/03”.
41Interview Interviews are usally formal There may be more than one person interviewing youFind out as much as you can about the companyAlways dress smartly
42Interview- frequent questions Why do you want to work in Italy?Speak about yourself about what you did the last 2 yearsDo you like travelling? reading? Your last travel, book…Describe yourself with 3 adjectivesHow do you judge yourself?What do you know about our company?If you could choose, what kind of job would you like to do?What is your professional project?What is your personal style?What you don’t like to do?
43Diploma and University Degree Obtained in another country are not automatically recognized.Every submission is examined by the relevant authorityThe general system does not apply to regulated professions (G.P.’s, medical specialists, nurses, dentists, ostetricians, veterinarians, pharmacists, architects)
44Recognition of Qualifications For UE recognition of qualification is governed by Lisbon Convention that ratifies for member citizens the right to recognition of higher learning qualificationsThere is a network of national information centres- NARIC.)
45Tips People are strongly advised that: The ability to speak Italian is essential for most jobsSearch for a job onlineTo look up the offers of the CIFTo get in touch with an EURES Adviser
46Useful documents if you stay less than 3 months: Current identity card or passportFiscal code number at Entries AgencyCV and cover letter better in ItalianGood Italian knowledgeExperience and/or diplomaEuropean medical card TEAMPersonal tax number (To obtain a tax number visit the local tax office, with a valid identification document
47Useful links Embassies : www.embpage.org Centri per l’impiego:Private agencies:Police :Ministry of Finance:
48EURES Lombardy Laura Robustini Eures Adviser Rosaria PetrilloCarmen SegoviaEURES-Provincia di MilanoPolo Orientamento – Provincia di MilanoVia Soderini, 24 – MilanoTelFax