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Living and working in Italy

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Italy Living and working in Italy. General information location Southern Europe area km2 capitalRome, 2,7 mil main cities Milan, Rome, Naples,

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1 Living and working in Italy

2 General information location Southern Europe area 301.338 km2
capital Rome, 2,7 mil main cities Milan, Rome, Naples, Genoa, Florence, Bologna border countries: France, Switzerland, Slovenia, Austria official language Italian currency euro

3 General Information population 59,6 mil ethnicity 95,03 % Italians
religion 97,67 % catholics political system Parliamentary republic

4 Learning Italian Knowledge of the Italian language is a basic requisite for doing the majority part of works. In order to improve knowledge of Italian, it is advisable to attend courses in any Italian Cultural Institute. For further information, consult the nearest Employment Centre, and the offices of the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research,

5 Economy Italy has a capitalistic economy, which remains divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less- developped, agricultural south according to GDP calculations, Italy was ranked as the seventh largest economy in the world in 2006 one of the world’s largest exporter of manufactured goods Italy's major exports are motor vehicles (FIAT, APRILLA, DUCATI), food industry ( BARILLA, MARTINI, CAMPARI) and fashion industry( ARMANI, VALENTINI, VERSACE, PRADA, BENETTON)

6 Youth unemployment rate (15 -24) = 21,6%
NORTH 3,8% CENTER 6,1% SOUTH 12,2% ITALY 6,8% Youth unemployment rate (15 -24) = 21,6%

7 Divisioni amministrative della Italia

8 Lombardy is a region in the North-East of Italy, with the Alps, the
Lombardy Region Lombardy is a region in the North-East of Italy, with the Alps, the Valley of the river Po and Milan as its capital. The region consists of the following provinces: Provincia di Bergamo Provincia di Brescia Provincia di Como Provincia di Cremona Provincia di Lecco Provincia di Varese Provincia di Lodi Provincia di Mantova Provincia di Monza e Brianza Provincia di Milano Provincia di Pavia Provincia di Sondrio

9 Working in Italy

10 Main sectors Tourism Machinery Iron and steel Chemicals
Food processing Textiles Motor vehicles Clothing Footwear Ceramics Agriculture Services

11 Job opportunities Construction -building sector
Building Construction Labourers, Carpenters Tourism sector Hotel restaurant staff - entertainer (all year through but in particular in summer and winter seasons) Health Nurses, health treatment Services computer graphics multimedia, ITC professionals, personal services, connected with the ageing of the population in need of care at home

12 Working conditions Medium Salary 22 053 € (for a year)
Normal hours of work: total 40 hours per week (The CCNL can allow for a working week of less than 40 hours) Night shifts hours are normaly from midnight to 7am Minimum annual leave - 4 weeks (20 days) Break: min

13 Type of employment Subordinate employment Self-employment
Public Sector employment

14 Job Search-national websites

15 EURES in Italy EURES Network
EURES (European Employment Services) is a network of co-operation between the European Commission and the national public employment services of the Member States. The Italian EURES job offers can be seen directly on the web (address: and through the local EURES Adviser, whose names and locations are listed in the website , as well as directly on the website of the Commission

16 EURES- Provincia di Milano

17 Public Employment Services

18 Searching a job in Internet
Professional e Freelance Qualified English German - French

19 Newspapers “Il Sole 24 ore” on Monday
“Italia Oggi” “La Repubblica” Thursday “Il Corriere della sera” Friday “La stampa” “Il”

20 Recruitment agencies

21 Interim
Call centers (web)

22 Seasonal Work AGRICOLTURA

23 Running your own business
A BUSINESS OWNER MUST Be over 18 Register with the chamber of commerce for Industry Craft and Agriculture Have a business tax number (IVA-VAT) Possess the prerequisites for every area of ownership

24 Working in the public sector
Public Contest One can participate by public competion, pending recognition of prior study relevant to the contest. Certain jobs are reserved only for Italian citizens (managerial & strategics post, diplomats, law enforcement) Registration in the list for selection by a pubblic entity (art.16) – must have lower school certificate and professional qualificiation asked Call up of those registered in certain lists pertaining to “protected categories” (that is disadvantaged persons such as orphans, widows, victims of war, those with learning and mobility difficolties)

25 Working in the private sector
Access via: Employment Centres Employment Agencies Eures Major daily newpapers Applying for potential postions

26 Living in Italy

27 Accommodation Means of finding accomodation: Word of mouth Advertising
Real Estate agents Rented accommodation: Small flats: 450 € per month Small houses: 700 € € per month Rooms: 350 € per month Large cities are more expensive and accommodation can be difficult to find.

28 Prices Cigarettes 4,20€ Loaf of bread 2,50€ Sandwich 1,50€
Cup of Coffee ,80€ Pint of beer ,30€ Glass of wine ,00€ Chocolate bar ,00€ Pizza ,00€ Cinema ticket ,00€ Short bus journey ,00€ Football match ,00€ Meal in a restaurant ,00€

29 Educational System PRE-SCHOOL Duration: 3 years
Boys and girls can be registered from the age of 2 and a half. Primary School Duration: 5 years Optional at the age of 5 and a half. Compulsory at the age of 6. Introduction to a European language from the 2nd class. Use of the computer. 1st level secondary school Introduction of a second European language. Use of computer technologies. Tutored guidance for the choice of the subsequent pathway. Possibility of choosing between two pathways: secondary schools and education-vocational training. SECONDARY SCHOOLS 8 fields: art, classics, human sciences, economics, linguistics, music, science, technology. EDUCATION-VOCATIONAL TRAINING Duration:variable, minimum years After 3 years, the first qualification spendable in the labour market and recognised at the national and European level. Possibility of gaining further qualifications spendable in the labour market and for access to higher vocational training.

30 University Courses Degree
3-year duration. This provides the students with basic preparation, together with specific vocational skills. Specialist Degree 2-year duration, with access after gaining the Degree. It provides students with more qualified training on specific subjects. First- and Second-level Master’s Degree With access only after gaining the ordinary or specialist degree. This provides the opportunity for advanced scientific and vocational education with lifelong learning and continuing training Specialisation Course The students are provided with specific knowledge and abilities, in carrying out specific professional activities, also considering the laws and directives issued by the EU. PhD Access is through a competitive exam, after gaining the specialist degree. These are courses for perfectioning methodologies for research and higher scientific training, always in the same sector. These courses last 3 or 4 years.

31 Public Health System Foreign citizens in Italy are entitled to use public health service EU citizens with the old E111 or the European medical card TEAM are entitled to urgent and necessary medical attention if they stay less than 3 months If they stay more than 3 months they need to be employed or registered at the CIF or to benefit of a pension or to be a the holder of these E-forms: E106 – E109 or E37 – E120 – E121 or E33) In any other case they need to have an health insurance

32 European Health Insurance Card
La ha sostituito il modulo E111 per i cittadini EU che desiderano usufruire dell’ Assistenza Sanitaria nei Paesi EU

33 Social Security System
The main organisations in this sector are the INPS and INAIL. INPS (Istituto Nazionale della Previdenza Sociale - National Social Security Institute) is the largest Italian social security body and has jurisdiction with regard to the compulsory social-security contributions that all employers or self-employed workers must pay. INAIL (Istituto Nazionale Assicurazioni Infortuni sul Lavoro - National Institute of Insurance Against Accidents at Work) has jurisdiction over accidents at work and occupational diseases, for which benefits are paid.

National Insurance is deducted from wages: Company with less than 15 employees (9,19%) Company with more than 15 employees (9,49%) Apprentice (5,54%) The amount you pay depends on how much you earn Self-employed people must pay their own national Insurance

35 INAIL Istituto nazionale Assicurazione sul Lavoro e Malattie Professionali National Insurance Institute Against Accident at Work In case of an accident at work, an allowance is provided by INAIL The employer is obliged to protect the worker from the risk of possible injury or illness at work

36 Unemployment Benefit Declaration of status (registration at public employment service – CIF) At least 2 years assurance against unemployment • At least 52 weekly contributions in last 2 years before becoming unemployed

37 Tax System In the Italian judicial system there are two tax categories: Direct and indirect: Direct tax affects income and property Indirect tax applies to tranfer of goods, commercial transactions and consumers Ministry of the Economy and Finance: Regional Tax Departments:

38 Table of tax rates INCOME BANDS TAX RATE up to 15.000 euro 23%
Over Up to euro 27% Over Up to euro 38% Over Up to euro 41% Over 43%

39 CV/Resume Personal details: name, address, telephone numbers, , nationality, date of birth and marital status, driving licence, car Education: describe the general content of your education, starting from latest. Degree with marks years and exams. Diploma, other qualification Work experience: Include a brief description of each job/position, duration, field of activity, stages, starting from latest. Foreign languages: mother-tongue, spoken and written level, certification (toefl, Delf,) system of learning. IT skills: systems (windows,unix), programmes (word,excel,pp) internet . Hobby/personal Interests: non professional interests and leisure activities, sport, visiting foreign countries, social activity, voluntary service. AT THE END “Acconsento al trattamento dei miei dati personali, come da Dlgs 196/03

40 Cover letter Send a short letter with your CV or application form
1 page typed in Italian Explain why you have the right skills for the job Explain why you want to work for the company Write a new letter for each application so it matches the job description State when you can start work AT THE END “Acconsento al trattamento dei miei dati personali, come da Dlgs 196/03”.

41 Interview Interviews are usally formal
There may be more than one person interviewing you Find out as much as you can about the company Always dress smartly

42 Interview- frequent questions
Why do you want to work in Italy? Speak about yourself about what you did the last 2 years Do you like travelling? reading? Your last travel, book… Describe yourself with 3 adjectives How do you judge yourself? What do you know about our company? If you could choose, what kind of job would you like to do? What is your professional project? What is your personal style?What you don’t like to do?

43 Diploma and University Degree
Obtained in another country are not automatically recognized. Every submission is examined by the relevant authority The general system does not apply to regulated professions (G.P.’s, medical specialists, nurses, dentists, ostetricians, veterinarians, pharmacists, architects)

44 Recognition of Qualifications
For UE recognition of qualification is governed by Lisbon Convention that ratifies for member citizens the right to recognition of higher learning qualifications There is a network of national information centres- NARIC.)

45 Tips People are strongly advised that:
The ability to speak Italian is essential for most jobs Search for a job online To look up the offers of the CIF To get in touch with an EURES Adviser

46 Useful documents if you stay less than 3 months:
Current identity card or passport Fiscal code number at Entries Agency CV and cover letter better in Italian Good Italian knowledge Experience and/or diploma European medical card TEAM Personal tax number (To obtain a tax number visit the local tax office, with a valid identification document

47 Useful links Embassies :
Centri per l’impiego: Private agencies: Police : Ministry of Finance:

48 EURES Lombardy Laura Robustini Eures Adviser
Rosaria Petrillo Carmen Segovia EURES-Provincia di Milano Polo Orientamento – Provincia di Milano Via Soderini, 24 – Milano Tel Fax

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