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Food Security Advocacy Capacity Building Workshop Challenges of Climate Change Venue: Desmond Tutu Training Centre, Nairobi, Kenya 22 nd November, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Food Security Advocacy Capacity Building Workshop Challenges of Climate Change Venue: Desmond Tutu Training Centre, Nairobi, Kenya 22 nd November, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Food Security Advocacy Capacity Building Workshop Challenges of Climate Change Venue: Desmond Tutu Training Centre, Nairobi, Kenya 22 nd November, 2010 Doris K Musonda '‘Please, note that the views expressed in this presentation do not represent any other natural person or institution other than the Author.’’

2 OUTLINE  Introduction  Challenges of Climate Change  Effects of Climate Change  Negative impact of Climate Change  Negative Impact of Climate Change-Zambia  Causes of Climate Change  Way forward  Conclusion

3 Introduction  Climate change is a major threat to sustainable growth & development in Africa & achievement of MDGs  CC is a growing threat to sustainable growth and poverty reduction (water resources, agric., health, ecosystems, biodiversity, forestry, coastal zones)

4 INTRODUCTION Cont’d  Carbon emissions contributes substantially to Climate Change  80% people (500 million) south of the Sahara depend on agriculture, mainly rain-fed agric. (>95%).

5 Challenges of Climate Change  Recurrent extreme weather conditions – floods, droughts & el-ninos.  Shorter and un-predictable rainy season  Poor rainfall distribution  Rising temperatures  Prolonged dry spells

6 Effects of Climate Change  Recurrent weather extremes have resulted in reduced food production-up to 50% in 2020  Wetlands or under ground water dry earlier = low exploitation for off-season production, no irrigation  Deforestation (3.4 million hectares deforested per year in Africa)  Loss of biodiversity  Rising sea level washing away coastal communities in Western African

7 Negative Impact of Climate Change  Reduces production i.e. crop yields & livestock production  Planting is delayed (seed dies) hence reducing production  Degradation of eco-system imparts negatively on food security and health  It increases time and effort women spend in looking for food  Loss of national resources

8 Negative Impact of Climate Change - Zambia  Receives 600 to above 1,200 mm rainfall  Rainy season used to be 4 – 6 months  Rainy season is 3-5 months  40% of surface water in Southern Africa lies in Zambia  Poverty levels still over 60% in rural areas

9 Way forward  Efforts to cub further un-warranted deterioration of climate should be promoted to bring it in check. Causes are known, and hence the problem is partially solved  Full implementation of ‘Clean Energy and Development Framework’  Promotion of use of renewable energy  Protection of the forests (Congo Basin Initiative)  Invest in CC programmea

10 Causes of Climate Change  Green House Gas emissions (GHG) vs global warming  Deforestation  Modern mechanized rain-fed agriculture (extensive land clearing)  Un-stainable use of natural resources (forests, water, water sherds e.t.c.)  Industrialization

11 Conclusion  While challenges arising from climate change are evident, it is not too late to reduce the rate at which it deteriorates

12 The END……… ONCE AGAIN ZIKOMO KWABIRI FOR LISTENING!!!


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