Presentation on theme: "Food Security Advocacy Capacity Building Workshop Challenges of Climate Change Venue: Desmond Tutu Training Centre, Nairobi, Kenya 22 nd November, 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Food Security Advocacy Capacity Building Workshop Challenges of Climate Change Venue: Desmond Tutu Training Centre, Nairobi, Kenya 22 nd November, 2010 Doris K Musonda '‘Please, note that the views expressed in this presentation do not represent any other natural person or institution other than the Author.’’
OUTLINE Introduction Challenges of Climate Change Effects of Climate Change Negative impact of Climate Change Negative Impact of Climate Change-Zambia Causes of Climate Change Way forward Conclusion
Introduction Climate change is a major threat to sustainable growth & development in Africa & achievement of MDGs CC is a growing threat to sustainable growth and poverty reduction (water resources, agric., health, ecosystems, biodiversity, forestry, coastal zones)
INTRODUCTION Cont’d Carbon emissions contributes substantially to Climate Change 80% people (500 million) south of the Sahara depend on agriculture, mainly rain-fed agric. (>95%).
Challenges of Climate Change Recurrent extreme weather conditions – floods, droughts & el-ninos. Shorter and un-predictable rainy season Poor rainfall distribution Rising temperatures Prolonged dry spells
Effects of Climate Change Recurrent weather extremes have resulted in reduced food production-up to 50% in 2020 Wetlands or under ground water dry earlier = low exploitation for off-season production, no irrigation Deforestation (3.4 million hectares deforested per year in Africa) Loss of biodiversity Rising sea level washing away coastal communities in Western African
Negative Impact of Climate Change Reduces production i.e. crop yields & livestock production Planting is delayed (seed dies) hence reducing production Degradation of eco-system imparts negatively on food security and health It increases time and effort women spend in looking for food Loss of national resources
Negative Impact of Climate Change - Zambia Receives 600 to above 1,200 mm rainfall Rainy season used to be 4 – 6 months Rainy season is 3-5 months 40% of surface water in Southern Africa lies in Zambia Poverty levels still over 60% in rural areas
Way forward Efforts to cub further un-warranted deterioration of climate should be promoted to bring it in check. Causes are known, and hence the problem is partially solved Full implementation of ‘Clean Energy and Development Framework’ Promotion of use of renewable energy Protection of the forests (Congo Basin Initiative) Invest in CC programmea
Causes of Climate Change Green House Gas emissions (GHG) vs global warming Deforestation Modern mechanized rain-fed agriculture (extensive land clearing) Un-stainable use of natural resources (forests, water, water sherds e.t.c.) Industrialization
Conclusion While challenges arising from climate change are evident, it is not too late to reduce the rate at which it deteriorates
The END……… ONCE AGAIN ZIKOMO KWABIRI FOR LISTENING!!!