2 Market Segmentation and Target Marketing in Today’s Economy Market segmentation is the process by which a market is divided into distinct subsets of customers with similar needs and characteristics.Target marketing requires evaluating the relative attractiveness of various segments.
3 Brand positioning entails designing product offerings and marketing programs that can establish an enduring competitive advantage in the target market by creating a unique brand image, or position.These three decision processes are closely linked and have strong interdependence.
4 Most markets are heterogeneous Markets are complex entities that can be defined in a variety of ways.Critical issue: Finding an appropriate segmentation scheme that will facilitate target marketing, positioning, and the formulation of successful marketing strategies and programs.
5 Target MarketingTarget marketing requires marketers to take three major steps:Identify and profile distinct groups of buyers who differ in their needs and preferences (market segmentation)Select one or more market segments to enter (market targeting)For each target segment, establish and communicate the key distinctive benefit(s) of the company’s market offering. (market positioning)
7 Mass Marketing VS Micro Marketing Mass Marketing is a market coverage strategy in which a firm decides to ignore market segment differences and go after the whole market with one offer. Micro Marketing refers to the designing, creating, and manufacturing products, marketing strategies, and advertising campaigns for the benefit of very specific geographic, demographic, or psychographic segments of the consumer market. It is a relatively new marketing trend created by the diversity of the consumer population and the difficulty in creating a single product that appeals to all the diverse groups in the population.
8 SEGMENT MARKETING Market Segment A marketing technique that targets a group of customers with specific characteristics.Refers to the aggregating of prospective buyers into groups (segments) that have common needs and will respond similarly to a marketing action.
9 Flexible Market Offering SectorThis is a subdivision of a market with distinctive characteristics. Market sectors are usually determined by market segmentation, which divides a market into different categories.Flexible Market OfferingNaked Solution - products and services that all members of the segment values.Discretionary Options - products and services that some members of the segment values. Ex. Ice Cream
10 NICHE MARKETINGConcentrating all marketing efforts on a small but specific and well defined segment of the population. Niches do not 'exist' but are 'created' by identifying needs, wants, and requirements that are being addressed poorly or not at all by other firms, and developing and delivering goods or services to satisfy them. As a strategy, niche marketing is aimed at being a big fish in a small pond instead of being a small fish in a big pond.
11 LOCAL MARKETINGLocal marketing is the customization of marketing mix variables to the store level based on consumer, competitor, and store characteristics.
12 INDIVIDUAL CUSTOMER MARKETING Mass CustomizationMass production of goods with differing individual specifications through the use of components that may be assembled in a number of different configurations. Mass customization is a cost-efficient way of offering some of the benefits of customization.
13 Customerizationthe customization of products or services through personal interaction between a company and the customer.A company is said to customerize when it is able to dialogue with individual customers and respond by customizing its products, services, and messages on a one-to-one basis.
14 Geographic Segmentation World Region or CountryCountry RegionProvince / City / MunicipalityCity or Metro SizeNeighborhoodDensityClimate
15 Demographic Segmentation AgeGenderFamily sizeFamily life cycleIncomeEthnicityOccupationEducationReligionGenerationNationality
16 For women: “L’Oreal Paris brings its grooming technology and expertise to women……because you’re worth it.”For men:“Now, L’Oreal Paris brings its grooming technology and expertise to men….because you’re worth it….