FORM Present Perfect [HAS / HAVE] + [past participle] EXAMPLES: I have seen that movie many times.
USE - unfinished time -Time not concluded - Duration of an action started and not concluded.
Present perfect is used: without expression of time Im happy because I have won a prize With adverbs of frequency: ever,never, seldom,often,always Have you ever been to Scotland?
how many times we did an action (twice,many times,several times) With adverbs Yet(già)- in an interrogative sentence, not…yet, Almost/nearly(quasi), just(appena), already(già), So far/up to now( fino ad ora) In the last few days…. Time not finished Today, this morning, this month,this year
When a sentence starts with: Its the first time….. Its the second time ive seen this film After a superlative Thats the best book Ive ever read Ive been /Ive gone
Difference Present Perfect We dont know when it happened I have complained about the traffic before Past simple I always know when I went to the cinema yesterday Present Perfect suggests connection between past and present.We are interested in the way something happened. Ive washed my hands so I can help you with the cooking
Present Perfect time up to present Science has made many major advances in this century. When someone has has recently discovered, invented, or written something Chinese craftsmen have invented both paper and printing.