Presentation on theme: "By: Amanda Carlozzi Gretchen Mobilio. How the mentally ill were treated Colonists believed the illnesses were the results of witchcraft and demonic."— Presentation transcript:
How the mentally ill were treated Colonists believed the illnesses were the results of witchcraft and demonic possessions. Some were even burned at the stake. Some were left untreated at home or sent to alms houses. Others were imprisoned. They were chained in jail cells without clothes, heat, or bathrooms. Many were beaten and whipped.
How the mentally ill were treated (cont.) They were crammed into small dark rooms and slept as much as 5 people to a mattress. These rooms were void of fresh air and sunlight. Many doctors did not want to admit that these people were sick because they were ridiculed and it would hurt their reputation.
Dorothea Dix She was a reformist fighting for the care of the mentally-ill. In 1841, after visiting a prison and seeing the mentally- ill imprisoned, and chained naked to the wall she decided to improve the way the mentally-ill were treated.
Dorothea Dix (cont.) As her reports, visits to doctors, and advances for changes to help protect the mentally-ill became successful in Massachusetts, she eventually spread her thoughts to other parts of the country, Europe, and Asia, eventually opening 32 mental hospitals. By 1880, 120 mental hospitals were opened around the country
How this Reform Changed America Today there are many more options available for the mentally ill. Non- profit organizations Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication. Specialized mental health officials. These organizations and proper treatments helps a multitude of people recover from their mental illness or at least live happier lives. This reform not only benefited America, but the rest of the world as well.
Americans with Disabilities Act In 1990, the American's with Disabilities Act was passed. It is used to put an end to discrimination against people with disabilities.. It states that states, local governments, enterprises, and employers are prohibited to discriminate against the disabled when hiring, in public services or accommodations such as hotels or transit.
ADA (cont.) This act also includes help in T.V. and phone services for the hearing and speech impaired. Some of the federal agencies required to follow the regulations of ADA are: Employment agencies Public transportation Health Care Housing
The New Jersey State Lunatic Asylum We chose this picture because it shows the changes America has gone through from the original conception of treatment for the mentally-ill to a proper mental hospital for their care. This was drawn by C. Drie in 1872. It is titled ‘Lunatic Asylum rear view.’