Legal Guidelines Texas Education Code 38.003 Texas Education Code 38.003 –Defines dyslexia and related disorders, mandates testing students for dyslexia and providing instruction for students with dyslexia Chap.19 of the Texas Administrative Code Chap.19 of the Texas Administrative Code –Outlines the responsibilities of districts and charter schools in the delivery of services to students with dyslexia 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 –Establishes assessment and evaluation standards and procedures for students
Working Definition Dyslexia is one of several distinct learning disabilities. It is a specific language-based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulties in single-word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing. These difficulties in single-word decoding are often unexpected in relation to age and other cognitive and academic abilities; they are not the result of generalized development disability or sensory impairment. Dyslexia is manifested by variable difficulty with different forms of language, often including, in addition to problems with reading, a conspicuous problem with acquiring proficiency in writing and spelling.
Characteristics Difficulty reading single words in isolation Difficulty reading single words in isolation Difficulty in accurately decoding nonsense or unfamiliar words Difficulty in accurately decoding nonsense or unfamiliar words Slow, inaccurate, or labored oral reading (lack of fluency) Slow, inaccurate, or labored oral reading (lack of fluency) Difficulty with learning to spell Difficulty with learning to spell
Steps for Referral Student has passed the hearing and vision screenings Student has passed the hearing and vision screenings Nonsense Word Test is completed-see next 2 slides for a copy Nonsense Word Test is completed-see next 2 slides for a copy SST Referral is completed SST Referral is completed –Handwriting samples are included in the referral –Dyslexic teacher has been notified by the classroom teacher of student’s tendencies
Assessment: Nonsense Word Test Short Vowels Short Vowels 1. lat 2. ped 3. sib 4. mog 5. vun 6. fim 7. hep 8. yot 9. rud 10. cag Diagraphs, Blends Diagraphs, Blends 1. sheg 2. chab 3. stot 4. whid 5. thuzz 6. bruck 7. clisc 8. smend 9. thrist 10. phum WRITE OUT BESIDE THE “ WORDS” WHAT THE CHILD SAYS
Assessment: Nonsense Word Test Long Vowels Long Vowels 1. sote 2. mabe 3. foap 4. weam 5. glay 6. shain 7. drighy 8. hupe 9. heest 10. sny Other Vowels Other Vowels 1. doit 2. spoud 3. clar 4. foy 5. jern 6. moof 7. lurst 8. porth 9. stook 10. flirch
Dyslexia Accommodations for Reading TAKS Allowable Accommodations Allowable Accommodations –Orally reading all proper nouns associated with each passage before students begin individual reading –Orally reading all questions and answer choices to students –Extending the testing time over a two-day period
Dyslexia Accommodations Who is eligible? Who is eligible? –Students not receiving special education services who are identified with dyslexia –Students receiving special education services who are identified with dyslexia –Students receiving special education services who have a severe reading disability that exhibits the characteristics of dyslexia
Dyslexia TAKS Accommodations for Math, Science, & Social Studies Oral administration at any level of support is allowed in mathematics, science, and social studies at any grade level for students who are eligible for an oral administration Oral administration at any level of support is allowed in mathematics, science, and social studies at any grade level for students who are eligible for an oral administration Who is eligible? Who is eligible? –Dyslexic student who is on a 504 plan and the 504 Committee suggests oral administration
Remember….. Students in all these eligibility groups MUST routinely receive accommodations in classroom instruction and testing that address the difficulties they have reading words in isolation.
Resources Texas Education Agency Texas Education Agency The Dyslexia Handbook The Dyslexia Handbook Test- Tammy Prickett Test- Tammy Prickett Presentation created by: Dayna Hardaway