Presentation on theme: "Let’s think more about the"— Presentation transcript:
1 Let’s think more about the Hand placement on the steering wheel:There are a variety of different placements.What do you think is the potential danger of this hand position on the steering wheel ?9 o’clock and 3 o’clockPotentially dangerous if airbag deployed: possible injuries to hands, arms, chest and face.Let’s think more about the8 and 4 o’clock position8 o’clock and 4 o’clock
2 Sit at least 10 inches away different turning techniques. 4 and 8 is now recommended – This is the location of the hand holds on the wheel.This will affordprotection in caseof air-bagdeployment (200 mph)Sit at least 10 inches awayWHY?Let’s now notice somedifferent turning techniques.
3 Proper turns - there are many different techniques Proper turns - there are many different techniques Your driving instructor will select one to teach you.Hand-over-Hand:This is the most common form of steering. It is comprised of a series of short pulls with the hands alternating from the top of the wheel in the direction of the turn. It is a smooth easy way to turn. However, a potential problem is if the airbag deploys while turning it could force the hands and arms into the face, causing injury.The cross-arm approach:The hands grip the wheel on the opposite sides, about 9 and 3 o’clock The wheel is turned half a turn in either direction until the arms cross, before the hands change grip.The Push-pull Method:The hands grip the wheel on opposite sides at the same height, usually 10 to 2. The hands alternate the grip, moving up and down the wheel at the same height. One hand pulls the wheel down to the bottom where it meets the other hand at 6 o'clock position. Changing grips, the opposite hand pushes the wheel to the top where the hands touch at 12 o'clock, ready to change again for the pull down; etc.When the steering is turned to the desired amount, both hands hold the wheel opposite and at the same height as each other. To straighten the wheel, reverse the procedure. The last hand to 'feed in' is the first hand to 'feed out'.
4 Left shoulder head check You want to pull away from the curb. You have signaled and you are checking this outside mirror. After this car passes, what must you still do?Developthis habit tocover theblind spotWhyshould youdo this?STOPandTHINKLeft shoulder head check
5 TrackingAn essential skill for the beginning driver is “tracking ability.” This is being able to keep the vehicle centered in the lane without drifting to either side. The best way to learn this skill, is to primarily look well up the road in the center of your lane. Of course, you’ll also need to focus your attention on closer objects at various times.
6 How many stop signs do you see at this intersection? It’s a 4 -way stop. These are easy to see, but some are more difficult to analyze.How many stop signs do you see at this intersection?
7 How many stop signs do you see at this intersection? We clearly see 3 stop signs,But, the one on the right is harder to see.How many stop signs do you see at this intersection?
8 How many stop signs have you analyzed at this intersection? Try to analyze every residential intersectionat least 50 feet before it.2 stop signs. We stop they (crossing vehicles) do not.How many stop signs have you analyzed at this intersection?
9 What have you analyzed about this intersection? They stop we don’t
10 What should you do as you proceed through it? At this intersection they stop, we do not.What should you do as you proceed through it?Developthe habit ofchecking everyintersection.You mustbe adefensivedriverSTOPandTHINKEASE OFF THE GAS, COVER THE BRAKE and CHECK IT ANYWAY. Expect people to run stop signs
11 How many feet before your turn must you signal in a residential area? But, in some states it’s 5 seconds before the intersection turn.How many feet before your turn must you signal in a residential area?
12 How many feet before your turn must you signal in a rural area? Rural roadshave higherspeeds. You’llneed to givean advancedwarning.Whydouble thedistance?STOPandTHINKIn most states, 200 feet.
13 You never know when a bulb or a fuse will burn out. HAND SIGNALSYou never know when a bulb or a fuse will burn out.
17 Blind IntersectionsWhat is a blind intersection?When there is obscured visibility to either side.
18 What must you do at this blind intersection? EASE UP TO SEE BETTER.What must you do at this blind intersection?
19 Easing up to see betterWhere should your right foot be while easing up?On the brake; controlling the speedas you slowly move forward.
20 See at least 1 full block down the street. Easing up to see betterSee at least 1 full block down the street.
21 Why should you still check down these side streets? Not all vehicles stop!Some larger residential streets are sometimes called through streets. They usually have yellow dashes and side streets have stop signs.
22 What should you be doing? Even though they yield; coast and cover your brake.YIELD SIGNSWhat sign do you see at this intersection?
23 What have you analyzed about this intersection? IT’S AN UNCONTROLLED INTERSECTION!There are no stop or yields signs.If both you anda crossing cardo not slowdown…crash!Whyshould youdo this?STOPandTHINKWhat will you do as you approach it?Slow down and check both ways.It’s also a blindIntersection.What have you analyzed about this intersection?
24 STOP and THINK No, that is a school sign! We are at a stop sign intending to turn left, does that van have to stop at the intersection?You might havepulled out…crash!Each shape hasa special meaning.What if youthought itwas astop sign?STOPandTHINKNo, that is a school sign!
26 If you were driving would you have stopped this close to these people? What is the school speed limit?In most states it’s 20 mph.No, stop further back!If you were driving would you have stopped this close to these people?
27 But, in other parts of the country the school speed limit may be different.
28 It’s a school day…do you have to go 20 mph at this time? NO…Children must be PRESENT
29 School sign Pedestrian X-ing How are these two signs different? The first one is a ____________.The second one is a _____________.School signPedestrian X-ing
30 And, slow even more! He may not know we are approaching! When youwere youngerdid you alwayslook beforecrossing?Childrenare veryunpredictable.Slow down!STOPandTHINKIs 20 mph in effect now?What else would you do?Yes
31 Can we proceed with the school bus flashing its lights? Yes, as long as they are yellow…once the bus stops, they will flash red.
32 Who must yield in this situation? Car A and C yields to School Bus Why not B?It’s not approaching from in front or behind the bus (but the driver should be very cautious)BusC
33 What is the fine for passing a stopped school bus? In many states:Fines go as high as $1000 and1 year suspension of license.What is the fine for passing a stopped school bus?
34 Which vehicle(s) must stop in this school bus situation? Just vehicle A (in most states)But there are some exceptions
35 Do we have to stop for this school bus? In most states a stop is not required on the opposite side of a four lane road.
36 However . . . there are exceptions ! TRAFFICALL 4 LANESS T O PWHILESCHOOL BUSESLOAD OR UNLOAD
37 When pulling over. . . How to line up the car properly to the curb. Sight line over middle of car in straight line to curb.How to line up the car properly to the curb.
38 How to line up the car properly to the curb. Sight line over middle of car in straight line to curbHow to line up the car properly to the curb.
39 Be sure you get close enough to the curb. No more than 12 inchesBe sure you get close enough to the curb.How many inches are you allowed away from the curb?
40 Left shoulder head check on the brake, controlling the speed 1)1) You should take care that you are sitting at least_________ inches away from the airbag.10 inches1)2) The last thing you should do before pulling away from the curb: ________________Left shoulder head check1)3) What should you do at residential intersections even if you do not have a stop or yield sign? ________________reduce speed and check1)4) At every residential intersection you need to develop the habit of ___________it. Are there stop or yield signs?analyzing1)5) Try to analyze residential intersections ___feet before it.501)6) You must signal ____feet before a residential turn.1001)7) At a blind intersection, where must your right foot be as you are easing up to see better? ____________________on the brake, controlling the speed1)8) At a blind intersection move up to see at least: _______1 block down
41 1)15) True or False: This is a school sign. ______ 1 )9) Driving the school speed limit is very important because children are very ____________.unpredictable1)10) On a 2 lane road, you are approaching a slowing school bus with flashing yellow lights, be prepared to ________stop1)11) In many states, you could be fined up to _______ and have your license suspended for ________ if you pass a stopped school bus with flashing red lights.$10001 year1)12) True or False: You can pass a stopped school bus if you are on the opposite side on a four lane road._________True1)13) Your left arm is extended out and _______ if your brake lights are not working and you are intending to stop.down1)14) Your left rear turn signal bulb has burned out; you extend your left arm ________________ to signal this turn.straight out1)15) True or False: This is a school sign ______False
42 1)22) When pulling over to curb be no more than ______away 1)16) You see the back side shape of these two signs: what do they mean?stop and school1)17) When you see any traffic sign, it is a good practice to mentally: _________________say the sign to yourself1)18) How might you still know there is a stop sign at an intersection although obscured by a tree? ___________white limit line1)19) Why should you check the intersection again after analyzing it?_____________________________________Some drivers will run stop signs or not yield1)20) What must you do as you approach an uncontrolled intersection? ____________________________________slow down, check both ways and be prepared to stop1)21) The right rear turn signal bulb has burned out, how can you still signal your right turn? ______________________extend left arm out window straight up1)22) When pulling over to curb be no more than ______away12 inches