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Table Manners in China.

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Presentation on theme: "Table Manners in China."— Presentation transcript:

1 Table Manners in China

2 Importance Table manners are very important in Chinese people’s life.
They show whether you are well educated. Chinese people treat dinners as one of the most important social interactions. ( Business will be talked and set while having dinner.)

3 Drinks & toast Smoking Pay for bill Invited to a friend’s home Seating Before dinner Tableware Food Eating etiquette

4 Seating In China , it’s necessary to know how to pick up your seat at the table . If you are not sure what to do , just wait the host to tell .

5 Different from the western , tables in China are usually round .
Normally , the seat facing the door (seat 1) is for the host or the hostess.

6 At a small table, the seat right across of the host seat, the back of which is facing the door (seat 2), is the seat for the main guest.

7 But when it’s a bigger table, the host or hostess and main guest can just sit side by side to make it easier for them to talk. (seat 3 or 4 for the main guest . )

8 Before dinner The elderly or guest(s) of honour are usually the first to start the meal. Before that , you have to wait . Before dinner , you’ll be served by a cup of tea .

9 Tea Tea is for rinsing the mouth ,which means making your mouth ready for eating .

10 Tableware Different from the west , Chinese food is usually cut into proper sizes when cooking ,so you don’t have to use folks or knives to eat them . As a result , you’ll use different tableware when you enjoy Chinese food .

11 Tableware Table setting Chopsticks

12 Table setting

13 Table setting Plate for salt and pepper Ashtray Tea cup Soup Bowl
Plate for dishes Plate for trash Plate for towel Chopsticks

14 Chopsticks Chopsticks is the main tool for eating .

15 Chopsticks Chopsticks should always be held correctly, i.e. between the thumb and first two fingers of the right hand.

16 Chopsticks Chopsticks are traditionally held in the right hand only, even for the left-handed. One explanation for the treatment of such usage as improper is that within the confines of a round table this may be inconvenient.

17 Tips for using chopsticks
When not in use, chopsticks must always be placed neatly on the table with two sticks lying tidily next to each other at both ends. Crossing them is rude .

18 Tips for using chopsticks
Never point the chopsticks at another person. This amounts to insulting that person .

19 Tips for using chopsticks
Never suck the chopsticks.

20 Tips for using chopsticks
Never bang chopsticks like drumsticks. This is akin to telling others at the table you are a beggar.

21 Tips for using chopsticks
Decide what to pick up before reaching with chopsticks, instead of hovering them over or rummaging through dishes.

22 Tips for using chopsticks
When picking up a piece of food, never use the tips of your chopsticks to poke through the food as with a fork; exceptions include tearing apart larger items such as vegetables.

23 Tips for using chopsticks
Never stab chopsticks vertically into a bowl of rice, as this resembles incense sticks used at temples to pay respects to the deceased. This is considered the ultimate dinner table faux pas.

24 Tips for using chopsticks
Don’t use chopsticks to move bowl or plate .

25 Food A typical Chinese meal consists of : Cold dishes Main courses
Soup The starchy “staple” food Snack and dessert Fruit

26 Cold dishes A typical meal starts with some cold dishes, like boiled peanuts , smashed cucumber, red dates & beans and Chicken Legs. They’re like appetizer in the west .

27 Cold dishes Cold dishes are usually served before dinner , but don’t eat before dinner start .

28 Main dishes Cold dishes are followed by the main courses, hot meat and vegetable dishes. Pork & beef

29 Main dishes Meat balls

30 Main dishes Chicken & duck

31 Main dishes Vegetable

32 Main dishes Sea food

33 Soup Then , soup is brought out.

34 The starchy “staple” food
Soup is followed by the starchy "staple" food, which is usually rice or noodles or sometimes dumplings.

35 The starchy “staple” food
Many Chinese eat rice (or noodles or whatever) last, but if you like to have your rice together with other dishes, you should say so early on.

36 Snacks and dessert Sometimes they’ll be replaced by snacks and dessert like baozi , dabing or cakes.

37 Fruit Sometimes , some fruit will be served .

38 Eating etiquette Generally, Chinese table manners are more informal than the West, although there are more rules concerning interactions with other guests .

39 Eating etiquette Chinese trend to talk loudly during the dinner and different from the west , talking with a full mouth is usually allowed though some people think it is impolite . Besides , when you are eating or drinking , make some sound is allowed .But place the china bowls and plates quietly。

40 Eating etiquette Eating with the elbows on the table is allowed.
Belch is not good but you don’t have to avoid it intentionally . When eating food that contains bones, it is customary that the bones be spat out onto the dining plate in a neat pile. Spitting onto the floor is almost never acceptable.

41 Drinks & toast Pouring Drinks Toast
Drinks plays an important role in Chinese food culture . Drinks Toast Pouring

42 Drinks Usually , both hard drink and beverage are served throughout the meal . It is customary for the host to insist that guests drink to "show friendship." If the guests prefers not to drink, they may say, "I'm unable to drink, but thank you." [in Chinese: "Wo bu neng he jiu, xie xie." ]

43 Drinks The host may continue to insist that the guests drink, and the guests may likewise continue to insist upon being "unable" to drink. The host's insistance is to show generosity. Therefore, refusal by the guests should be made with utmost politeness.

44 Drinks Common hard drinks in dinner: Baijiu Huangjiu Wine & beer

45 Baijiu Baijiu, or shaojiu (烧酒) is a Chinese distilled alcoholic beverage. The name baijiu literally means "white spirits". Baijiu has a greater proportion of alcohol than huangjiu and wine .And it’s usually drank with smaller cups.

46 Huangjiu Huangjiu is a special Chinese alcoholic drink . It literally means “yellow wine". It is made of rice without being distilled . And it has a lower alcoholic strength (usually about 20%).

47 Wine & beer As international drinks , wine and beer are also served.
Beer is usually served in summer .

48 Pouring The host should pour for the guests and always make sure everyone's cups are not empty for long to show hospitality . One should not pour for oneself, but if thirsty one should first offer to pour for a neighbor.

49 Pouring When your drink is being poured, you should say "thank you" .
But if you don’t want to drink any more , you could say “hao hao hao” or “gou le gou le ” to stop pouring .

50 Toast During the meal , we make toasts to make a friendly atmosphere .
Toast means clinking the rim of each other’s glasses and saying “gan bei ” .

51 Toast Usually , the hosts propose a toast to all the guests and every one “gan bei” together . Sometimes ,the younger or junior guests make toasts to the elderly or senior .In fact , If a guest drinks alcohol, the guest will be expected [if not forced] to drink a glass of the same alcohol with each superior at that table, and possibly at other tables too .

52 Smoking Smoking is customary when dining, and the host will often pass out cigarettes to all [men] around the table. If the guest prefers not to smoke, she/he should politely refuse (one would say, "Wo bu chou yan, xie xie").

53 Pay for bill People will pay the bill after the meal .
On paying , fifty-fifty is not well-accepted . If you want to show your hospitality , you can treat the host to dinner next time .

54 Thank You

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