2 Importance Table manners are very important in Chinese people’s life. They show whether you are well educated.Chinese people treat dinners as one of the most important social interactions. ( Business will be talked and set while having dinner.)
3 Drinks & toastSmokingPay for billInvited to a friend’s homeSeatingBefore dinnerTablewareFoodEating etiquette
4 SeatingIn China , it’s necessary to know how to pick up your seat at the table .If you are not sure what to do , just wait the host to tell .
5 Different from the western , tables in China are usually round . Normally , the seat facing the door (seat 1) is for the host or the hostess.
6 At a small table, the seat right across of the host seat, the back of which is facing the door (seat 2), is the seat for the main guest.
7 But when it’s a bigger table, the host or hostess and main guest can just sit side by side to make it easier for them to talk. (seat 3 or 4 for the main guest . )
8 Before dinnerThe elderly or guest(s) of honour are usually the first to start the meal.Before that , you have to wait .Before dinner , you’ll be served by a cup of tea .
9 TeaTea is for rinsing the mouth ,which means making your mouth ready for eating .
10 TablewareDifferent from the west , Chinese food is usually cut into proper sizes when cooking ,so you don’t have to use folks or knives to eat them .As a result , you’ll use different tableware when you enjoy Chinese food .
13 Table setting Plate for salt and pepper Ashtray Tea cup Soup Bowl Plate for dishesPlate for trashPlate for towelChopsticks
14 ChopsticksChopsticks is the main tool for eating .
15 ChopsticksChopsticks should always be held correctly, i.e. between the thumb and first two fingers of the right hand.
16 ChopsticksChopsticks are traditionally held in the right hand only, even for the left-handed.One explanation for the treatment of such usage as improper is that within the confines of a round table this may be inconvenient.
17 Tips for using chopsticks When not in use, chopsticks must always be placed neatly on the table with two sticks lying tidily next to each other at both ends.Crossing them is rude .
18 Tips for using chopsticks Never point the chopsticks at another person.This amounts to insulting that person .
19 Tips for using chopsticks Never suck the chopsticks.
20 Tips for using chopsticks Never bang chopsticks like drumsticks. This is akin to telling others at the table you are a beggar.
21 Tips for using chopsticks Decide what to pick up before reaching with chopsticks, instead of hovering them over or rummaging through dishes.
22 Tips for using chopsticks When picking up a piece of food, never use the tips of your chopsticks to poke through the food as with a fork; exceptions include tearing apart larger items such as vegetables.
23 Tips for using chopsticks Never stab chopsticks vertically into a bowl of rice, as this resembles incense sticks used at temples to pay respects to the deceased.This is considered the ultimate dinner table faux pas.
24 Tips for using chopsticks Don’t use chopsticks to move bowl or plate .
25 Food A typical Chinese meal consists of : Cold dishes Main courses SoupThe starchy “staple” foodSnack and dessertFruit
26 Cold dishesA typical meal starts with some cold dishes, like boiled peanuts , smashed cucumber, red dates & beans and Chicken Legs.They’re like appetizer in the west .
27 Cold dishesCold dishes are usually served before dinner , but don’t eat before dinner start .
28 Main dishesCold dishes are followed by the main courses, hot meat and vegetable dishes.Pork & beef
38 Eating etiquetteGenerally, Chinese table manners are more informal than the West, although there are more rules concerning interactions with other guests .
39 Eating etiquetteChinese trend to talk loudly during the dinner and different from the west , talking with a full mouth is usually allowed though some people think it is impolite .Besides , when you are eating or drinking , make some sound is allowed .But place the china bowls and plates quietly。
40 Eating etiquette Eating with the elbows on the table is allowed. Belch is not good but you don’t have to avoid it intentionally .When eating food that contains bones, it is customary that the bones be spat out onto the dining plate in a neat pile. Spitting onto the floor is almost never acceptable.
41 Drinks & toast Pouring Drinks Toast Drinks plays an important role in Chinese food culture .DrinksToastPouring
42 DrinksUsually , both hard drink and beverage are served throughout the meal .It is customary for the host to insist that guests drink to "show friendship."If the guests prefers not to drink, they may say, "I'm unable to drink, but thank you." [in Chinese: "Wo bu neng he jiu, xie xie." ]
43 DrinksThe host may continue to insist that the guests drink, and the guests may likewise continue to insist upon being "unable" to drink.The host's insistance is to show generosity. Therefore, refusal by the guests should be made with utmost politeness.
44 DrinksCommon hard drinks in dinner:BaijiuHuangjiuWine & beer
45 BaijiuBaijiu, or shaojiu (烧酒) is a Chinese distilled alcoholic beverage. The name baijiu literally means "white spirits".Baijiu has a greater proportion of alcohol than huangjiu and wine .And it’s usually drank with smaller cups.
46 HuangjiuHuangjiu is a special Chinese alcoholic drink . It literally means “yellow wine".It is made of rice without being distilled .And it has a lower alcoholic strength (usually about 20%).
47 Wine & beer As international drinks , wine and beer are also served. Beer is usually served in summer .
48 PouringThe host should pour for the guests and always make sure everyone's cups are not empty for long to show hospitality .One should not pour for oneself, but if thirsty one should first offer to pour for a neighbor.
49 Pouring When your drink is being poured, you should say "thank you" . But if you don’t want to drink any more , you could say “hao hao hao” or “gou le gou le ” to stop pouring .
50 Toast During the meal , we make toasts to make a friendly atmosphere . Toast means clinking the rim of each other’s glasses and saying “gan bei ” .
51 ToastUsually , the hosts propose a toast to all the guests and every one “gan bei” together .Sometimes ,the younger or junior guests make toasts to the elderly or senior .In fact , If a guest drinks alcohol, the guest will be expected [if not forced] to drink a glass of the same alcohol with each superior at that table, and possibly at other tables too .
52 SmokingSmoking is customary when dining, and the host will often pass out cigarettes to all [men] around the table. If the guest prefers not to smoke, she/he should politely refuse (one would say, "Wo bu chou yan, xie xie").
53 Pay for bill People will pay the bill after the meal . On paying , fifty-fifty is not well-accepted .If you want to show your hospitality , you can treat the host to dinner next time .