Presentation on theme: "ENERGY SOURCES GOAL: The student will understand the difference between renewable and nonrenewable energy sources and will be able to describe the abilities."— Presentation transcript:
ENERGY SOURCES GOAL: The student will understand the difference between renewable and nonrenewable energy sources and will be able to describe the abilities of each. OBJECTIVES: The student will be able to: 1.Define renewable and nonrenewable energy sources. 2. List and describe types of renewable and nonrenewable energy sources. 3. Discuss the role of renewable energy sources in the future.
Solar Energy Solar Energy is one of the renewable energy sources that has the most potential. Sunlight can travel through air, clear glass, and plastic. When the sun strikes a surface, light energy is either reflected or absorbed. It is the absorbed light energy that gets changed into heat and can be used for power.
Two Types of Solar Energy Passive solar energy systems make use of solar energy without using special equipment. For example, a house may be built to direct the sun onto a thick masonry wall that then stores the heat for later distribution. Active solar systems require the use of mechanical collectors to absorb the heat of the sun. This energy is then stored or distributed using fans, pumps, or other equipment.
Wind Energy Wind Energy is another type of renewable energy source with much potential. Wind is produced as the sun heats the air. Warmer air rises and cooler air sinks. This air motion is the wind. Windmills were used until the late 1930s to produce electricity. Today's wind turbines look like airplane propellers and can be used to generate energy in areas with steady winds that average at least 12 to 15 miles per hour. California is quite successful, however, and 90% of U.S. wind power is produced in that state.
Hydropower Energy Hydropower is created by the flow of water. It is used to drive water turbines that produce energy. In the past, the waterwheel was used to produce energy for such tasks as cutting lumber or milling wheat. Today most hydropower is found on rivers where dams have been built. This way the flow of water, and thus energy production, can be controlled. Hydropower accounts for about 50% of the renewable energy used in the U.S. today.
Geothermal Energy Geothermal Energy uses heat generated below the earth's surface to produce energy. Four sources of geothermal energy include hydrothermal reservoirs, geopressured reservoirs, hot dry rock resources, and magma resources. Direct applications for geothermal energy include providing heat for groundwater and agriculture in cold climates, enhancing aquaculture, or producing electricity. Geothermal energy is sometimes hard to locate and may contain harmful chemicals or gases.
Biomass Biomass is a fuel obtained from plant sugars and starches. Biomass includes wood, leaves, crop residues and even animal wastes. These materials can be burned directly for energy, as wood is in a fireplace. These materials can be converted into liquid fuels such as the ethanol added to gasoline. Finally, biomass can produce methane gas which can be used like natural gas.
However… While all of these renewable energy sources provide hope for energy stability in the future, each has its own problems. Most of these types of energy cost more to produce than the fossil fuels used today. Until fossil fuel reserves are depleted, or until the public demands more energy options, these renewable energy sources will not become readily available.
Now… Complete the purple sheet with your partner. Yes, you may write on it.