Presentation on theme: "University of Zadar Department of Tourism and Communication Science"— Presentation transcript:
1 University of Zadar Department of Tourism and Communication Science Archival Institutions, Outreach and Media and Public RelationsGoran Pavelin, PhD
2 The changing role of archives Juridicial – administrative justificationsocio – cultural justificationArchival science founded in early legitimization in statist theories and modelsPublic sanction for archives has changed to Eric Ketelaar‘s memorable phrasing of the people, for the people, even by the peopleArchives offer citizens a sense of identity, locality, history, culture and personal and collective memory.
3 The changing role of archives Archivist is starting to think in terms of the process of governance, not just of governments governingWhat is governance?Citizen state interactive relationship should be reflected in other jurisdiction by interaction with usersThe challenge for archival science today is to preserve recorded evidence of governance.What is the task of archivist today?
4 Advocacy and outreach Increasing access to nation's archives Changing perception within communitiesMeaning of archives? How do we perceive it now?Archives have an image problem.What is image? What is identity? (the way I percieve myself) What is brand? (what makes me different)
5 Advocacy and outreach What are the problems today? How can we make the existence of records a natural part of people's consciousness?Archival advocacy – successfully publicizing what we do, we should be able to take oppurtunity to discuss our role with enthusiasm – plead, support, champion, intercedePromotion of archives: advocacy + public relations techniquesWhat is advocacy?What are public relations?
6 Public relations is the management of communication between an organization and its publics (Grunig and Hunt, 1984).Public relations is the management function that establishes and maintains mutually beneficial relationships between an organization and the publics on whom its success or failure depends (Cutlip, 2006)Public relations is about reputation - the result of what you do, what you say and what others say about you. (Institute of Public Relations, 2004)
7 Archivist and public relations Archivists should be more imaginative about how records can be used and more open to wide public use.„Work of archivist serves a universal human need to connect among people and across time through acts of memory.“ Andrea HindingMore than any lecture or essay on recreating the past, records reanimated allowing us to enter it, to see, hear, almost touch or smell a distant place or event.Archivist and public relation: He uses the capacity of records which connect, enlarge and move us to release imagination and it is the greatest alley in reaching for the public.Too little overlooks the power of document to transform the moment.
8 Advocacy and outreachOrganisations should approach their promotional activities in a planned and systematic manner, with the clear view of the objectives, not ad hoc or reactive way.Public relations include strategic communication:by developing strategic coordinated public programs andadvocacy, by focusing on the user of records in the broadest sense
9 Advocacy and outreach The benefits of the successful advocacy: survivalgeneration of fundingincreased fundig leads to development of services and broadening of your user baseincreased use leads to generation of wider support and appreciation of archive sand contributes benefits to the wider societyfuller realisation
10 Organisational planning When planning public relations it is important to think strategically and manageriallyManagement includes new area of terminologyWhen planning our business we need to convince people and speak their language and use it properlyThere are specific terms which we use when we want to demonstrate our understanding of chosen environment
11 Organisational planning Mission – it expresses purpose, business and values of the organization – mission statementGoal – it is consistent with the overall mission – it offers a bit more detail – three or four broad aimsObjective – consistent with goal - specific and measurable targetPolicy – it is useful to develop a policy for most of the archival functions you identify – what has to be done and whyStrategy – it describes how something has to be done and in what order
12 Organisational planning and internal communication towards users Ways of communication in an organization:Face to face communication EventsPrinted communicationsElectronic communicationComputer communicationsOrganizational communication
13 StakeholdersStakeholders are persons, corporate bodies or defined groups with an interest in the present and future activities of the archive service. Stakeholders include those with a financial interest, officeholders, executives, employees, suppliers, customers, local community.Archive services – depositors and future users
14 StakeholdersDefining the nature of the interest that each group of stakeholders has in your service is the first step in planning how to satisfy it.You should perform in line with your stated mission within the permitted budget.Elected representatives have the responsibility to be able to justify your service to their particular constituency.Funding agencies – should be persuaded to support you.
15 Stakeholders Meeting the performance targets The media – supplying information to local newspapers, radio and television. Enter the wider community's consciousnessThe diverse groups and other direct users of the service – the internal clients, scholarly researchers, theteachers, students, geneaolgists, local historians and other professionals and the general public.
16 Stakeholders – according to the research of the author Stakeholders of the Zadar State ArchiveScientific researchers:Historians (records of the Early Middle Age to the end of the Second World War), objectives – Zadar, Zadar area, and also Adriatic communesArt historiansGeographers (cartographic materials)Fewer number: sociologists, ethnologists and antropologists, linguists and researchers from other scientific fields (usage of whole or part of archive records)
17 Stakeholders – according to authors research The most frequently used records: records of the Adriatic communes, notarial records, records of Venetian rule, family records, records of the first and second Austrian government, and French government.
18 Stakeholders – according to authors research Other researcherscome to archive are not regular users – search of family trees or evidence for the protection and realization of individual rights: historians amateurs (local history, the history of their cities and villages – record of cartography, cadastral maps, population census.Students most frequently of geography, archeology and history of art because of seminars, graduate or doctoral thesisLawyers, journalists, employees of local and government institutionsUsers who live abroad, but their ancestors lived in this area and had important role in political, cultural, military and social life of the Dalmatian cities and villages. Most often used records are those of Venetian rule, cadastrial maps of Dalmatia.
19 Funds used while researching in the State Archive in Zadar a) Venetian rule ( )b) First Austrian rule ( )c) French rule ( )d) Second Austrian rule ( )e) First Italian occupation of Dalmatia ( ) and Italian rule in Zadar ( )f) Archival materials from 1945 till todayg) Monastery and church recordsh) Old archives in Dalmatian citiesi) Personal archives and family archives
20 Collections used in the State Archive in Zadar a) Register of births/ deaths/ marriagesb) Mapsc) Plans and drawingsd) Manuscriptse) Photosf) Publicationsg) Miscellaneah) Thematic collections (musical material)i) Collection of photocopies from foreign archives
21 College students in Zadar– according to the research of the author Table 1 Number of students who visited State Archive ZadarVisits to State Archive ZadarYesNoNumberPercent7191%79%
22 College students in Zadar– according to the research of the author Table 2 Did they use records and which kind of recordsArchival materialsRecordsElectronic recordsYesNoNo.PercentPerc ent6786%1114%1383%6517%3950%50 %
23 College students in Zadar– according to the research of the author What was the purpose of researches which you conducted while using the materials from archiveSeminar9Final thesis5Magister thesis2Disertation1Publication of an articleBookGenealogy or family tree15Film, radio, TV programmResearch for operative jobs6Personal interests, hobbiesTable 3Purpose
24 Specifiy which of the following sources you mainly used when identifying fund/collection in your researchRefrences, citations in published works810,26%Guides, funds, register, lists56,41%Bibliographies11,28%Professors2532,05%Colleagues33,85%Archivist, archive librarium1316,67%Librarian in other institution0%Information from a proffesional organisation (for example, genealogist, Hrvatski plemićki zbor, Hrvatsko grboslovno i zastavoslovno društvo)TV, radio, newspaperArchive publicationArchive exhibitsGeneral knowledge, assumptionTable 4Sources
25 College students in Zadar– according to the research of the author Table 5 Previous knowledge about archivesAre you familiar with the information about the archival materials and other sources for search on the public part of the system ARHiNET?YesNoNo.Percent1316,676583,33
26 College students in Zadar– according to the research of the author Which of the following portals do you use when accesing archival sources?a) Croatain cultural heritage646,15%b) Monasterium17,69%c) Archives Portal Europe323,1%d) Europeanea215,38%e) Newspaper Archivesf) Internet resources for genealogyTable 6Accessingportals
27 College students of Zadar– according to the research of the author Research statement General conclusion is that college students in Zadar are not familiar with the online materials which they could use as part of their researches.According to this, the State archive in Zadar should discover student’s identities and their habits, their difficulties in finding of necessary information and they should allow them more flexible approach towards archive sources.Beside the fact, that archive should be connected with the Department for information sciences, others should be gradually included.Together they should try to carefully plan their own programs in which all of them could be included.
28 Outreach and public relation activities PublicationsThe office guideAnnual reportsRegular newslettersEducation pacsPosters, postcards and other items
29 Outreach and public relation activities Talks, visits and open daysPublic speaking is an important tool for advocacy.Talks may be costly in terms of preparation nd presentation time, and travelling costs in relation to the number of the people in the audience.Inviting specific groups to visit is arguably a better way of enabling you to explain how an archive works: people are often captivated by watching conservators at work and seeing original documents in situ.
30 Outreach and public relation activities Education and learningThe potential for getting the message across to schools and colleges is enormous, given the size of the audience. It introduces the idea of archives to children at an early age, supports the curriculum and offers new methods of teaching to teachers.
31 Outreach and public relation activities Supporters groupsMay become involved in fundraising, volunteering or acting as a pressure group on its behalfExhibitionsArtefacts often capture the imagination more readily than documents, and partnership with museums can be useful, where documents can be displayed alongside contemporary objects.
32 Outreach and public relation activities Usability of web pages :an extension of your existing services, providing the same information in digital form as you currently do non digitallyprovide added value to texisting services, perhaps by enabling advancce ordering of documents or sale of goods by e-commerceto reach new users by encouraging people both to visit your archive and to use your site as the chief means of accessProvide access to archival networksProvide an international 24/7 service even though office closes at 5pm
33 Outreach and public relation activities The mediaTo promote a positive image of public archives you might consider developing a strategy that uses the newspapers, radio and television to promote a positive image of public archives.Local newspapers are often glad to have a copy from a credible source
34 The media Basic publicity activities What are the goals? The most publicized acitivites in archives should be announcements of:The receipt of new accessionsThe opening or availability of collections
35 The media The necessary materials Learning to work with the media means speaking their language and using formats for the presentation of information that conform to industry standards.The basic formats: news releases and broadcast mediaNews releases – the information in news releases answers six basic questions: Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?
36 The media The necessary materials The news release versus the feature storyFeature stories are ussually appropriate for only one or two media outlets.Photograph releasesA photo release in which the text of the release or caption focuses solely on the image itself is very effective.
37 The mediaPress kits – kits should provide information about what the institution does, who uses it, and what is currently happening in it.brochuressample clippingsfact sheetschedule of upcoming eventsphotographs
38 The media Approaching the Media Using the juornalists five W‘s and the H as a guide, plan a long-range strategy to attract media attentionAims:Internationally circulated, nationally circulated, regionally or locally circulated, technical trade publications and scholarly journals, specialty magazines
39 The media Contacts Does archive have an public relations office? Someone has to nurture the relationship with the media.There has to be adrema (a list of journalists, media of different kind. The task of each archivist is to coordinate public relations and to develop their own list of press contacts and provide journalists and editors with up-to-date archival programmes.)Timing is everything.
40 The media Attracting attention Following questions should be answered: Is the story interesting?Does the story hold my attention?Is there relevance to a specific group of readers/ viewers?Is there any potential for interesting visual backup?Is this story worth feature or only a few paragraphs?
41 The media Meeting the press Staff members who become known as local experts or spokespersons on a topic may be called upon to appear on radio or television shows.Archive should have educational programs included which teaches staff to speak media language. On national level strategy should be developed to include communicational sciences in the study programmes for archivists.
42 The media Tips for meeting the press Assume that no one knows what an archive isExpect to have less than you wantedBe yourselfWear comfortable clothingRequest a tourKnow the formatTake a friend
43 The media Press conferences News of tremendous importance; a rare or unsual find in a collection, or something ground breaking for a new buildingIn case of mishap, such as theft or a loss – tough questions about organizational responsibilities
44 The media Press conferences Few tips for press conference: choose a site in advance that will provide for crowdselectronic equipmenta backdrop that will appear favourably in print or on the airprovide short piece of information (not the whole story) to encourage reporters to come prepared with questionsspokesperson should make brief inital statement and anticipate specific questions
45 ConclusionIn the era of globalization and technological developments, archives cannot exist as isolated institutions, exclusively dedicated to the professional and research activities of a few peopleThe key role of archives, therefore, should be raising awareness and spreading knowledge about the importance of archives to cultural heritage, and the richness of archival material and its significance to society