Presentation on theme: "Y. Rong June 2008 Modified in Feb. 2009. Industrial leaders Initiation of a project (any project) Innovative way to do: NABC ◦ Need analysis ◦ Approach."— Presentation transcript:
Industrial leaders Initiation of a project (any project) Innovative way to do: NABC ◦ Need analysis ◦ Approach determination ◦ Benefit/cost analysis ◦ Competitors
How to identify/define a project ? ◦ Problem to solve – need (not only to learn) ◦ Need from industry (background) ◦ General area of study ◦ Specific problem to solve What is a good project ? ◦ Interesting problem – meaningful ◦ No answers ◦ Right scope ??
Why team ? ◦ Or virtually you work with people in the area ◦ More ideas ◦ Multiple expertise ◦ Task division ◦ Learn big picture / other people’s work ◦ Practice real working conditions What is leadership ? ◦ Be responsible ◦ Own the project
How to start ? ◦ Understand/define problem Need – tell story ◦ Understand the background The state of the art – tools to use vs. developing tools ◦ Set goal / objectives ◦ Decide methods ◦ Make a plan ◦ Estimate the outcomes – impact ? ◦ Innovation theory NABC
Why is the process important ? ◦ Engineering project vs. student project ◦ Justify every steps ◦ Where are the details ? Why is communication important ? ◦ Understand the problem, ideas/method, and …… ◦ Do the things need to be done (only) ◦ Make your thought understood, adjusted and accepted How to communicate ? ◦ Intention ◦ Be prepared – with an objective ◦ Right questions – with expectation of response ◦ Then right people and right time
What are good results from the project ? ◦ Solution of the problem, and also general hopefully ◦ Innovative and feasible/can be realized ◦ Impact/improvement of current operation ◦ Failure vs value of the project ?? ◦ Measured and determined by the objective definition !!! ◦ Acceptance by customer (who ?) ◦ Academic value is determined at the project planning stage
Different from classroom learning Not for taking exam, but to prepare for real work Academic and non-academic achievements How to evaluate ? ◦ Telling stories ? ◦ Follow up study ? ◦ And ?
Engineering education ◦ Early age: experimental study ◦ Since 1970s: math modeling and numerical solutions ◦ Now: entrepreneurship Decision making Multi-objectives Many tools developed and available Tool selection, knowledge integration Decision making through communication Task oriented and pull strategy ◦ Need for globalization Global economics, global research and development Global education Working with people from different cultural environment
Own the project ◦ Initiate necessary activities to conduct the project ◦ Make vague condition clear Working with people ◦ Partners, advisors, and the sponsor ◦ Lab and shop people too Seek help and keep progress Help each other Project planning - Progress control ◦ Change vs. plan Change of condition Change of the goal ?? ◦ How to deal with changes Communication
Problem definition ◦ From vague to clear ◦ Solution to seek Current techniques ◦ Identify gaps of current technology and the solution of the problem Define objectives and expected results Decide methods and procedure Do the work
Problem ◦ A negative statement Goal Objectives ◦ Scope of the project Method and procedure ◦ Tasks and plan Expected results
Need for new knowledge ◦ Where to learn ? Problems in physical world ◦ What is the problem in general ? ◦ Why the problem is important ? ◦ What is current practice ? ◦ Then what is the problem specifically Technical preparation ◦ What techniques are needed to solve the problem ? ◦ How the technology has been developed ? ◦ What is the current status of the technology ? What can and cannot do with it ? Why ? What tools are available ? ◦ Then what is the gap ? Possible to get there ?
Problem formulation ◦ Customer need study ◦ Requirement list ◦ Technical specification Conceptual design ◦ Ideas ◦ Comparison and justification ◦ State of the art ◦ Technical challenges Detail design ◦ Structural design with parameters ◦ Analysis and feedback Verification and prototyping Ramp-up for mass production
Problem formulation ◦ Company information ◦ Customer need study ◦ Requirement list ◦ Technical specification Current “system” analysis ◦ Data collection – what should know ? ◦ Problem identification – any principle to use ? ◦ Roof-cause analysis ◦ Possible ways to improve Generating solution ◦ Structural design with parameters ◦ Analysis and feedback Verification and prototyping Ramp-up for implementation
Define Measure Analysis Improve Control In comparison with NABC
Difference from a project done by smart high students ◦ Systematic study ◦ Justification in each step ◦ ?? Different from competition type of projects ◦ Real problem ◦ Unknown results ◦ Accessed by application ◦ Both innovative and valuable, but different
General area Specific problem Goal and objectives Gap between the solution and current knowledge Expected results
Company Product and processes Problems – key technology Areas of study - literature review Current study – literature review Relevant to objectives Problems remained as a summary ??
Methods/procedure ◦ Against the objectives Results ◦ For each objective in a logic way ◦ Evidence of conclusions (to prove) Conclusions ◦ List each without evidence Reference ◦ Not only the web-site Appendix ◦ More detailed evidence Need more details !!!!!! Use “all” figures in the presentation
Personal ability ◦ Technical development Project initiation Logic thinking Problem solving – skill ? ◦ Communication ◦ Writing ◦ Presentation Logic drive – lean More figures, less words Phrases, not sentences ◦ Team work and leadership ◦ ??
Students gain ability and skills on Communicating effectively in various contexts Understanding of professional & ethical responsibility Understand solution impacts and sustain/exploit benefits Project management and relationship management Quick response to changes, etc. Impact on the students Broad vision on global economy and culture Better job opportunity Confidence
Everything can be a project One important component of study ◦ Most important ? How innovative could it be ? Your opinion ? Thanks for your attention
Talk about your project in 5 minutes Basically telling a story on what you are doing ◦ Why, what, and so what Comments from audience ◦ Positive first ◦ Negative followed ◦ General comments Need 3 volunteers