It helps to have some foundations to build upon!
End of Life Care Strategy Context First ever national strategy on end of life care Developed in parallel with the Next Stage Review
End of Life Care Strategy The Strategy covers all conditions covers all care settings (eg home, hospital, hospice, care home, community hospital, prison etc) has been developed within the current legal framework
End of Life Care Strategy Aims: To bring about a step change in quality of care for people approaching the end of life To enhance choice at the end of life To deliver the Government’s manifesto commitment to double investment in palliative care
End of Life CareStrategy Chapter 1 The challenges of end of life care Chapter 2 Death, dying and society Chapter 3 The end of life care pathway Chapter 4 Care in different settings Chapter 5 Support for carers and families Chapter 6 Workforce Chapter 7 Measurement and research Chapter 8 Making change happen
The End of Life Care Pathway Support for carers and families Information for patients and carers Spiritual care services Step 2 Assessment, care planning and review Agreed care plan and regular review of needs and preferences Assessing needs of carers Step 3 Coordination of care Strategic coordination Coordination of individual patient care Rapid response services Step 4 Delivery of high quality services in different settings High quality care provision in all settings Acute hospitals, community, care homes, hospices, community hospitals, extra care housing prisons, secure hospitals and hostels Ambulance services Step 5 Care in the last days of life Identification of the dying phase Review of needs and preferences for place of death Support for both patient and carer Recognition of wishes regarding resuscitation and organ donation Step 6 Care after death Recognition that end of life care does not stop at the point of death. Timely verification and certification of death or referral to coroner Care and support of carer and family, including emotional and practical bereavement support Discussions as the end of life approaches Open, honest communication Identifying triggers for discussion Step 1
Summary The strategy sets out a vision to transform end of life care in this country over the coming years Action is now be taken by a very large number of people and organisations who contribute to commissioning, delivery of care, education and research
The Political Map ! End of Life Care Strategy Review – Life Cycle (8 groups) End of Life Clinical Working Group Framework Extended to other 9 SHA’s ? US !
MCCN Programme 2009-2012 Programme devolved to the Cancer Network In line with the 11 recommendations from Healthier Horizons http://www.northwest.nhs.uk/healthierhorizons/
Key issues – End of Life Establishing advance care planning systematically Enabling patients who wish to die at home to do so Establishing a supportive palliative care register across settings Development of joint commissioning/funding Establishing integrated information systems Equity of access for bereaved relatives for support
Patient Pathway Assess need Identify needs Plan Implement Review GSF/PPC LCP Preferred Priorities for Care (PPC) Gold Standards Framework (GSF) Liverpool Care Pathway (LCP) Increasing Morbidity Last Days of Life First Days of Death Bereavement Advancing disease 1 year +
NHS - End of Life Tools End of Life Care Strategy 1 2 3
Advance Care Planning Advance care planning Statement of wishes and preferences Advance decisions Lasting power of attorney
the process is voluntary the content of any discussion should be determined by the individual concerned Process
Competency framework Facilitate ACP discussions/statement of wishes Advance decisions/stat ement of wishes
Preferred Priorities for Care (formerly known as Preferred Place of Care) (PPC) What is it? An advance care plan for people with a life limiting illness who wish to have their choices and preferences recorded in relation to their care and ultimate place of death A patient held record which should go with the patient if they are transferred to a different care setting
Background to the PPC Originated in Lancashire & South Cumbria Cancer Services Network 2003 Recommended by Department of Health End of Life Care Programme Used in variety of settings for patients with life- limiting conditions
Positives of Implementing Empowering for patients Opens up vital discussions Promotes choice Excellent way of lobbying for further resources Helps prevent inappropriate transfer to another setting. Builds staff confidence and encourages difficult conversations
The new PPC document Change from Preferred Place of Care to Preferred Priorities for Care Patient-held advance care plan Only to be used for those who have mental capacity Allows patients to consider, discuss and document their preferences and priorities for care as they approach the end of life
Support Not everyone finds it easy to have conversations about death and dying Staff may need additional support through communication skills training or through mentor or peer support – may be a Specialist Palliative Care Nurse
Aim of GSF Aim is to develop a practice-based system to improve the organisation and quality of care of patients in the last year of life in the community
Gold Standards Framework Better organisation of care for some of the most needy patients Better teamwork and practice morale Fewer crisis calls and admissions with more proactive care Better quality of care for patients in the last year of life at home More patients enabled to die well in their place of choice
The Key Tasks or 7 Cs Communication Co-ordination Control of symptoms Continuity out of hours Continued learning Carer support Care of the dying
GSF is About Planning ahead Anticipatory care helps avoid crisis and can enable: –Improved support for families and nursing teams –Reduction in hospital admissions –Achievement of preferred place of care
Care of the Dying Audit NATIONAL AUDIT SHOWS DYING PATIENTS RECEIVE HIGH QUALITY CARE SUPPORTED BY THE LIVERPOOL CARE PATHWAY FOR THE DYING PATIENT (LCP). The second National Care of the Dying Audit of Hospitals (NCDAH) published 14 th September 2009, shows that patients on the Liverpool Care Pathway for the Dying Patient (LCP) are receiving high quality care in the last hours and days of life. The audit covers the use of the LCP in 155 hospitals, looking at the records of almost 4000 patients.
New Version Version 12 LCP will be launched at the LCP Conference 25th November 2009 at the Royal Society of Medicine - London. www.lcp-mariecurie.org.uk
How we measure the uptake of the EOLC tools in MCCN Data collection tools used across sectors Level Descriptors Death data (ONS) Quality Markers
Level Descriptors Level 0 The organisation has not implemented the specific EOLC tool Level 1 The organisation has plans in place for the implementation of the specific EOLC tool Level 2 The organisation is in the early phase of implementation of the specific EOLC tool Level 3 The organisation is able to demonstrate implementation of the specific EOLC tool Level 4 The organisation has embedded and sustained the specific EOLC tool.