Is the study of humans in their environment- creating a culture.
Culture Is the entire way a society is organized and lives
Vocabulary Enculturation- same as socialization, teaching members about one’s culture. Ethnocentrism- belief that your culture is superior to another. Acculturation- process of taking the traits of one culture and using them in your own. Assimilation- to absorb into the culture or mores of a population or group
How cultures work Material Culture- things a society makes and uses -Technology- Knowledge of how to make things. Non- Material Culture - society’s ideas and values Norms (folkways, mores and laws) Taboo- behavior a culture disapproves of
Cultural Change Invention- creating a new way of doing something. Innovation- Improvement in technology Cultural Diffusion- borrowing or spreading ways of doing something Conquest/ War Acculturation/ Assimilation
Language and Culture Communication is necessary for the operation of any group. By definition, it is the process of making, keeping and changing relationships with others.
Language and Culture Language- System of symbols used to communicate Verbal- written and spoken symbols Non-Verbal-without written or spoken symbols. Could include body movement or gestures. Note- language is the product of a culture which is used. Culture is learned so language is the key element.
Language and Culture Linguistics- study of the relationship of language to culture Dialect- different ways of pronouncing words.
Language Changes with: Subcultures Technology New terms/ words added or introduced Diffusion
Stereotype Viewing another based on your past experiences and that view is usually negative.
How to Analyze a culture Holistic approach- approach that considers the whole or total of what is studied. Analyze: Institutions Enculturation process Social Stratification Communication Art