2 GPSSS3H2 The student will discuss the lives of Americans who expanded people’s rights and freedoms in a democracy.a. Paul Revere (independence), Frederick Douglass (civil rights), Susan B. Anthony (women’s rights), Mary McLeod Bethune (education), Franklin D. Roosevelt (New Deal and World War II), Eleanor Roosevelt (United Nations and human rights), Thurgood Marshall (civil rights), Lyndon B. Johnson (Great Society and voting rights), and César Chávez (workers’ rights).b. Explain social barriers, restrictions, and obstacles that these historical figures had to overcome and describe how they overcame them.SS3G2 The student will describe the cultural and geographic systems associated with the historical figures in SS3H2a.a. Identify on a political map specific locations significant to the life and times of these historical figures.b. Describe how place (physical and human characteristics) had an impact on the lives of these historical figures.c .Describe how each of these historical figures adapted to and was influenced by his/her environment.d. Trace examples of travel and movement of these historical figures and their ideas across time.e. Describe how the regions in which these historical figures lived affected their lives and had an impact on their cultural identification.
3 Essential QuestionsWhy did Mary McLeod Bethune believe education was important?How did Frederick Douglass’ beliefs affect his fight for justice?Why did Susan B. Anthony believe it was important for everyone in the United States to have equal rights?In what ways did Frederick Douglass work to improve civil rights?How did Susan B. Anthony’s desire to vote change life for women?Why was it important to Mary McLeod Bethune that all children get a good education?How did growing up in the south affect Frederick Douglass’ feelings about how different groups of people were treated?What role did Mary McLeod Bethune’s location play in her work to improve education?What affect did location and culture have on Susan B. Anthony’s beliefs in women’s right?
4 Paul Revere Obstacles Accomplishments British Soldiers King of England New Land/ DistanceTax/rulesBritish WarshipsCommunicationAccomplishmentsfought and won the American RevolutionGained FreedomGained Independence from EnglandCharacter TraitsDiligenceBraveCourageousCareful
6 Frederick Douglas Obstacles: Accomplishments: Character Traits: Escaped from SlaveryAccomplishments:North Star NewspaperAbolitionist SpeakerMet with President LincolnCharacter Traits:Valued LibertyDemander JusticeFreedom of Conscience and Expression
8 Susan B. Anthony Obstacles: Accomplishments: Character Traits: Arrested for VotingFought for Woman's RightsAccomplishments:Women’s Rights ConventionWomen’s Right to Vote in 1970Character Traits:DiligenceJustice
10 Mary McLeod Bethune Obstacles: Accomplishments: Character Traits: 1. She is an African American womanAccomplishments:1. Started a school for African American girls in Daytona, Fl.2. Advised President Roosevelt3. Awarded for Volunteer workCharacter Traits:1. Diligence2. Justice3. Respect and Acceptance of Authority
12 Eleanor Roosevelt Obstacles: Accomplishments: Character Traits: 1. She was very shy.Franklin’s illness in 1921, which left him unable to walkAccomplishments:Worked for women’s rightsHelped FDR campaign and get elected as Governor of NY and President of the United StatesHelped create the United NationsHelped write the Declaration of Human RightsWrite the column “My Day”Hosted a TV showWas the U.S. Rep to the UNCharacter Traits:1. CooperationToleranceRespect for & Acceptance of Authority
16 Thurgood Marshall Obstacles: Segregation African American Accomplishments:He achieved national recognition for his civil rights achievements as a lawyer and later as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.Marshall became a special assistant to the NAACP.In 1965, Lyndon B. Johnson chose Marshall to become the first African-American to serve as a Justice of the Supreme Court.Character Traits:Freedom of conscience and expressionRespect for and acceptance of authorityJustice
18 Lyndon B. Johnson Obstacles: 1. childhood poverty 2. segregation 3. assassination of President KennedyAccomplishments:1. President of US2. War on Poverty3. “The Great Society”Character Traits:1. Diligence2. Respect and Acceptance of Authority3. Tolerance
20 Cesar Chaves Obstacles: He was a farm worker. Bad living conditions. Moved around a lot and had to change schools.His teachers and peers did not treat him with respect because he spoke Spanish.Hard times hit the United States and many people lost their jobs.Accomplishments:Learned to read and write without school.Joined the NavyLeader of the Community Service Organization in 1959Character Traits:DiligenceJusticeFreedom of Expression