Presentation on theme: "THINKING POWER. Objectives 1.Define critical thinking. 2.State how critical thinking is essential to nursing practice. 3.Identify strategies that will."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives 1.Define critical thinking. 2.State how critical thinking is essential to nursing practice. 3.Identify strategies that will facilitate the development of critical and creative thinking skills.
Use information Take in information Ask questions
Taking in information This is your raw material It involves: –Recall –Input from what you hear –What you see –What you read –What you experience
Ask questions???? ?what, when, where, why ?What effect does this info have ?How is this similar/different from what I know
More Questions?? ?will this information help solve a problem or make a decision ?is this fact or opinion Questioning is the key to linking what you learn to other information
Learning exercise It’s 3 am in the hospital and Ms. Avon, the nurse, sees a patient’s overhead room light on. She walks into the room and says, ”Hi, Mr. Trent, I noticed your light on. How are you doing?” The patient smiles and says. “I’m fine.” The nurse observes that there are wads of used tissues on the floor; the sheets are all twisted; Mr. Trent’s eyes are puffy and red.
Conclusions The patient is fine, is normally awake at this hour, and may have been rubbing his eyes because of his allergies The patient is fine but can’t sleep because he napped all day. His eyes are always red and puffy
The patient is not fine but doesn't want to talk about it The patient is not fine but doesn’t know how to ask for help.
Using Information This is evident by: What you say What you do What you write What you create
Using information Put what you learn to work by: Problem solving Making decisions Strategic planning Reasoning Seeing new perspectives
Analyzing: separating or breaking a whole into parts to discover their nature, function a relationship Applying standards: judging according to established personal, professional, or social rules or criteria
Discriminating: recognizing differences and similarities among thing or situations and distinguishing care fully as to category or rank Information seeking: searching for evidence, facts, or knowledge by identifying relevant sources and gathering objective, subjective historical, and current data from those sources
Logical reasoning: drawing inference or conclusion that are supported in or justified by evidence Predicting: envisioning a plan and its consequences Transferring knowledge: changing or converting the condition, nature, form or function of concepts among contexts
SUMMARY REMEMBER THE COMPONENTS OF CRITICAL/ANALYTICAL THINKING IT IS A SKILL THAT TAKES PRACTICE - KEY COMPONENTS FOR NURSES 1) OBSERVATION 2) MAKING CONNECTIONS 3) QUESTIONING
Bloom’s taxonomy Knowledge – remembering facts, names, events, rote recall Comprehension –putting information into your own words Application – taking learned information and using it in a new situation Analysis – examining or breaking down the parts of information Synthesis – combining pieces of information to create a larger and newer piece of information Evaluation – assessing or judging the worth of information
Creativity forms a bridge between analytical and practical thinking Practical thinking CREATIVITY Analytical thinking
Creative Strategies Brainstorming Shift your perspective Take a risk Set the stage –Be curious –Be spontaneous
2.Critical thinkers use information by applying, analyzing, synthesizing, or evaluating it. 1.Information Received 3.Problem solvers propose a solution based on the evidence and their examination of that evidence. 4.Creative thinkers solve problems by coming up with new and different solutions. Creative thinkers are problem solvers who broadened their thinking by becoming aware of more possibilities
Creative thinking: You have to do things differently if you want different results