Presentation on theme: "The Norwegian Ombudsman for Children Nepal 25 June 2015"— Presentation transcript:
1 Independent Child Rights Monitoring Mechanism - how it can make a difference The Norwegian Ombudsman for ChildrenNepal 25 June 2015Elin Saga Kjørholt, lawyer
2 Norway 5 million inhabitants 1 120 000 children The Norwegian Ombudsman for Children(short movie)
3 Why a monitoring mechanism for Children’s Rights? Children have no political powerForgotten when decisions are madeBring an explicit children’s focus to the government which often has adult focus – help politicians make good decisions
4 Independent HR institutions The Norwegian systemIndependent HR institutionsDivision of powerParliamentary OmbudsmanNational Human Rights InstitutionOmbudsman for ChildrenOmbudsman for Gender and EqualityParliamentGovernmentCabinetCourtSupreme CourtMinistriesCourts of AppealDirectoratesDistrict Courts
5 What is an Independent Human Rights Institution for Children Independent institution with a mandate to monitor, promote and protect children’s rightsA spokesperson for children - explicit children focusIn Norway - no power to make decisions
6 Since the 1990s Rapid growth in the number of Ombudspersons for Children and similar institutions 19962012Variety of models
7 The three main structural categories of child rights institutions NORWAYThe three main structural categories of child rights institutions
8 UN CRC Committe General Comment no. 2 Paris PrinciplesUN recommendation that all states should have an Independant National Human Rights InstitutionUN CRC Committe General Comment no. 2Recommends all countries to establish an independent human rights institution for children
9 UNICEF Global ReviewChildren’s ombudspersons are critical advocates to champion children’s best interests and make governance fit for children Bridging two very different worlds: that of policymaking, government and politics, and that of children, who often find themselves marginalized and excluded from society, and their views sidelined.
10 Legislation should provide for open and transparent processes, including for allocation of resources;Governments should instruct relevant departments and public bodies at all levels to fully cooperate with the institutions;Parliaments should closely consult with the institutions;Civil society should support independent institutions sharing information, supporting children in making complaints, providing research and evidence to strengthen them;Donors and intergovernmental organizations should provide technical assistance in establishing and strengthening independent institutions and in raising awareness of their role.
11 Independent institutions for children are the mirror of how a society views childhood. Its form and scope must be a result of national and local political and social processes that confer legitimacy and broad ownership to them.
12 How does the Norwegian Ombudsman for Children work?
13 ActivitesPromote children’s interest in legislation, policymaking, implementation and monitoringPromote understanding and awareness of children’s rights in the society
14 We gather information from: The ombudsman’s opinionOur own investigationUN Commitee on the Rights of the ChildResearchNGOs andthe general publicMediaChildrenOmbudsmen for children in other countries
15 Then we take action Issue statements and reports with recommendations The ombudsmans opinionHearings, comment on proposed new legislationAdvise to individuals, including childrenLetters to the governmentIssue statements and reports with recommendationsLobbying - Meeting with the government, politicians etcMedia (Radio, TV, newspaper, etc)Holding speeches (conferences etc)
16 Selected topic Make our own surveys Change for children Talk to relevant minister and ParliamentariansLook at research and talk to practicionersFollow up the recommendationsTalk to childrenMedia attentionVisit institutionsLaunch the report, eg. at a seminarMake our own surveysLook at legal framework, incl. international standardsWrite report with recommendations
17 Child ParticipationEnsure that views of children are expressed and heardHave access to children in care and detention