Presentation on theme: "Veterinarians Significant Points"— Presentation transcript:
1 Veterinarians Significant Points Graduation from an accredited college of veterinary medicine and a license to practice are required.Competition for admission to veterinary school is EXTREMELY high.
2 Veterinarians Nature of the Work Veterinarians play a major role in the healthcare of pets, livestock, and zoo, sporting, and laboratory animals.Most veterinarians work in private practices.More than one-half treat small animals predominately.A small number work exclusively with large animals, focusing mostly on horses or cows.
3 Veterinarians Nature of the Work A number of veterinarians work with physicians and scientists.Research ways to prevent and treat human health problemsDetermine the effects of drug therapies and surgical techniques.Some veterinarians are involved in food safety.Check animals for transmissible diseasesAdvise owners on treatment
4 Veterinarians Working Conditions Over one-third of veterinarian work 50 or more hours a week.Often work outdoors in all kinds of weatherTreat animals or perform surgery under less-than-sanitary conditions.When working with animals that are frightened or in pain, veterinarians risk being bitten, kicked, or scratched.
5 Veterinarians Employment Veterinarians currently hold about 59,000 jobs in the U.S.
6 Veterinarians Training There are 28 colleges that meet accreditation standards set by the Council on Education of the American Veterinary Medical Association.
7 Veterinarians Pre-Veterinary School Bachelor’s degree not required for some schools.All schools require credit hours ranging from 45 to 90 semester hours.Preveterinary courses emphasis the sciences:Organic, inorganic and biochemistryPhysicsGeneral biologyAnimal biology, animal nutrition, genetics, etc.
8 Veterinarians Training GPA of 3.5 or better is average. Standardized Tests vary from school to school:Graduate Record Examination (GRE)Veterinary College Admission Test (VCAT) (no longer offered)Medical College Admission Test (MCAT).
9 Veterinarians Training Veterinary and animal experience is highly desirable.Formal experience, such as work with veterinarians or scientists in clinics, agribusiness, research, or in some area of health science, is particularly advantageous..Number of applicants is currently rising.About 1 in 4 applicants are currently accepted.
10 Veterinarians Training First 2 Years Second 2 Years Basic sciences.Second 2 YearsClinical procedures.Diagnosing and treating animal diseases and performing surgery.Laboratory work in anatomy, biochemistry, medicine, and other scientific subjects.Veterinary graduates who plan to work with specific types of animals or specialize in a clinical area complete a 1-year internship.
11 Veterinarians Earnings Median annual earnings of veterinarians is $68,000.Average starting salaries by type of practice:Small animal, predominant - $42,918Large animal, predominant - $41,439Mixed animal - $40,358Equine - $28,526Federal Government - $35,808.
12 Veterinarians Additional Information American Veterinary Medical AssociationAssociation of American Veterinary Medical Colleges
13 Pharmacists Significant Points Pharmacists are becoming more involved in drug therapy decision making and patient counseling.Very good employment opportunities are expected.Earnings are very high, but some pharmacists work long hours, nights, weekends, and holidays.
14 Pharmacists Nature of the Work Dispense prescribed drugs. Provide information to patients about medications and their use.They advise physicians and other health practitioners on the selection, dosages, interactions, and side effects of medications.
15 Pharmacists Working Conditions Many pharmacists spend most of their workday on their feet.About 1 out of 7 pharmacists work part time.Most full-time salaried pharmacists worked about 40 hours a week.
16 Pharmacists Employment Pharmacists currently hold about 217,000 jobs in the U.S.About 6 out of 10 work in community pharmacies.About 21 percent of salaried pharmacists work in hospitals, clinics, mail-order pharmacies, pharmaceutical wholesalers, home healthcare agencies, or the Federal Government.
17 PharmacistsTraining84 colleges of pharmacy are accredited to confer degrees by the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education.Pharmacy programs grant the degree of Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)The Pharm.D. is a 4-year program that requires at least 2 years of college study prior to admittance.This Pharm.D. has replaced the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree, which will cease to be awarded after 2005.
18 Pharmacists Prerequisites Colleges of pharmacy require at least 2 years of college-level prepharmacy education.MathematicsChemistryBiology,PhysicsCourses in the humanities and social sciences.Some colleges require the applicant to take the Pharmacy College Admissions Test (PCAT) others require the GRE.
19 Pharmacists Training Pharmacy school classes include Pharmaceutics and pharmaceutical chemistryPhysical and chemical properties of drugs and dosage formsPharmacologyeffects of drugs on the bodyPharmacy administration.
20 Pharmacists Job Outlook Pharmacists in chain drug stores may be promoted to:Pharmacy supervisor or manager at the store levelManager at the district or regional levelExecutive position within the chain's headquarters.Hospital pharmacists may advance to:supervisory or administrative positions.Pharmacists in the pharmaceutical industry may advance in:marketing, sales, research, quality control, production, packaging, or other areas.
21 Pharmacists Job Outlook Very, very good employment opportunities are expected for pharmacists.The growing numbers of middle-aged and elderly peopleUse more prescription drugs than do younger people.
22 Pharmacists Earnings Median annual earnings of pharmacists is $70,950. Median annual earnings in the industries employing the largest numbers of pharmacists:Department stores - $73,730Grocery stores - $72,440Drug stores and proprietary stores - $72,110Hospitals - $68,760
23 Pharmacists Additional Information American Association of Colleges of PharmacyNational Association of Boards of PharmacyNational Association of Chain Drug Stores
24 Podiatric Medicine The Foot Complex structure designed for balance and mobilityHighly significant interaction with rest of the bodyMay be first area to reveal signs of systemic medical conditions
25 Podiatric Medicine Doctor of Podiatric Medicine Specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders, diseases, and injuriesWorks closely with other health professionals to treat and control disease
26 Podiatric Medicine Doctor of Podiatric Medicine Makes independent decisionsPerforms surgeryPrescribes medicationsUtilizes radiographic and laboratory tests for diagnostic purposesOrders physical therapy
27 Podiatric Medicine Benefits of a Podiatric Medical Career Professional SatisfactionAlleviating human sufferingFlexible practice hoursBalanced lifestyle
28 Podiatric Medicine Need for Podiatric Physicians Baby Boomers Diabetes More miles on their feetMore active lifestyles means more injury-proneLargest segment of populationDiabetesReaching epidemic proportions
29 Podiatric Medicine Podiatric Subspecialties Diabetic foot Geriatrics Pediatrics (Podopediatrics)Biomechanics/OrthopedicsSports Medicine
30 Podiatric Medicine 11th Highest Paid Profession in U.S. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2000Average Net Income $134,557years $ 63,088years $104,909years $126,717years $143,141years $158,50925+ years $125,000Source: APMA 2002
31 Podiatric Medicine First Two Years Basic Sciences Anatomy Biochemistry PhysiologyMicrobiologyPathologyHistology
32 Podiatric Medicine Last Two Years Clinical Training 24 months HospitalsAmbulatory ClinicsLong-Term Care FacilitiesCommunity Practices
33 Podiatric Medicine Class of 2007 Averages Overall GPA – 3.3 Science GPA – 3.1MCAT – 20
36 Podiatric Medicine Online application available through AACPM Apply to all 6 member schools with same applicationApplication cycle begins in September for class that starts the following August
37 Podiatric Medicine • Additional Information • American Podiatric Medical Association• American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine
38 Chiropractors Significant Points Employment of chiropractors is expected to increase faster than average.Chiropractic care has become more accepted as a result of recent research and changing attitudes.Earnings are relatively low in the beginning, but increase as the practice grows.
39 Chiropractors Nature of the Work Chiropractors diagnose and treat patients whose health problems are associated with the body's muscular, nervous, and skeletal systems, especially the spine.Chiropractors believe interference with these systems impairs normal functions and lowers resistance to disease.The chiropractic approach to healthcare is holistic, stressing the patient's overall health and wellness.
40 Chiropractors Nature of the Work Some chiropractors use water, light, massage, ultrasound, electric, and heat therapy.Chiropractors do not prescribe drugs or perform surgery.Many chiropractors are solo or group practitioners who also have the administrative responsibilities of running a practice.The average workweek is about 40 hours.Chiropractors, like other health practitioners, are sometimes on their feet for long periods.
41 Chiropractors Employment Chiropractors currently hold about 50,000 jobs in the U.S.Most chiropractors are in solo practice, although some are in group practice or work for other chiropractors.
42 Chiropractors Training Most states require at least 2 years of undergraduate educationAn increasing number of states require a 4-year bachelor's degree.All states require completion of a 4-year chiropractic college course at an accredited program leading to the Doctor of Chiropractic degree.
43 Chiropractors Training There are 16 chiropractic programs in the United States accredited by the Council on Chiropractic Education.All required applicants must have at least 90 semester hours:EnglishSocial sciences and/or humanitiesOrganic and inorganic chemistryBiologyPhysicsPsychology.
44 Chiropractors Training First 2 years of Chiropractic School Classroom and laboratory work in basic sciences.Last 2 years of Chiropractic SchoolCourses in manipulation and spinal adjustmentsClinical experience in physical and laboratory diagnosis, neurology, orthopedics, geriatrics, physiotherapy, and nutrition.
45 Chiropractors Job Outlook Job prospects are expected to be good for persons who enter the practice of chiropractic with faster than average growth.Chiropractic care is appealing to many health-conscious Americans due to its holistic approach.Demand for chiropractic treatment is also related to the ability of patients to pay, either directly or through health insurance.
46 Chiropractors Earnings Median annual earnings of salaried chiropractors is $67,030.Self-employed chiropractors usually earn more than salaried chiropractors.The average income for all chiropractors, including the self-employed, was about $81,500 after expenses.Self-employed chiropractors must provide for their own health insurance and retirement.
47 ChiropractorsAreas of ExpansionOriental MedicineNaturopathy
48 Founder of Chiropractics ChiropractorsAdditional InformationAmerican Chiropractic AssociationInternational Chiropractors AssociationWorld Chiropractic AllianceD.D. PalmerFounder of Chiropractics