‘Bipolar disorder‘Bipolar disorder, formerly called manic depression, is a mental illness that brings severe high and low moods and changes in sleep, energy, thinking, and behavior’.manic depressionmental illnesssleep
BIPOLAR DISORDER A person with bipolar disorder can have periods which are different from each other. These periods are called Mania and Depression. In mania state, person feels overly confident and excited. In depression state, depressive symptoms and too much sadness can be seen. Because they are extreme, they can prevent people from their daily life.
SYMPTOMS An overly joyful or overexcited state is called a manic episode, and an extremely sad or hopeless state is called a depressive episode. Sometimes, a mood episode includes symptoms of both mania and depression. This is called a mixed state.
SYMPTOMS OF MANIA OR MANIC EPISODE Mood Changes An overly long period of feeling "high," or an overly happy or outgoing mood. Extreme irritability.
SYMPTOMS OF MANIA OR MANIC EPISODE Behaviour Changes Talking very fast, jumping from one idea to another, having racing thoughts. Being unusually distracted. Increasing activities, such as taking on multiple new projects. Being overly restless. Sleeping little or not being tired. Having an unrealistic belief in your abilities. Behaving impulsively and engaging in pleasurable, high-risk behaviors.
SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION OR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE Mood Changes: An overly long period of feeling sad or hopeless. Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed, including sex.
SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION OR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE Behavioral Changes Feeling overly tired or "slowed down" Having problems concentrating, remembering, and making decisions. Being restless or irritable. Changing eating, sleeping, or other habits Thinking of death or suicide, or attempting suicide.
TREATMENTS OF BIPOLAR DISORDER Bipolar disorder has several different treatments which can be categorized as comprehensive treatments, medication treatments, therapy, and complementary treatments for bipolar disorder. o Comprehensive Treatments o Medication Treatments o Therapy o Complementary Treatments
WHAT ARE THE COMPREHENSIVE TREATMENTS? Education – Managing symptoms and preventing complications begins with a thorough knowledge of your illness. Knowing and being aware of your ilness is crucial for treatment of bipolar disorder. Lifestyle management – By carefully regulating your lifestyle, you can keep symptoms and mood episodes to a minimum, such as, a regular sleep schedule, avoiding alcohol and drugs.
WHAT ARE THE MEDICATION TREATMENTS? Check in frequently with your doctor. Continue taking your medication, even if your mood is stable. Don’t expect medication to fix all your problems. Be extremely cautious with antidepressants.
WHAT ARE THE THERAPIES FOR BIPOLAR DISORDER? Cognitive-behavioral therapy Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy Family-focused therapy
WHAT ARE THE COMPLEMENTARY TREATMENTS FOR BIPOLAR DISORDER? Light and dark therapy Mindfulness meditation Acupuncture
CONCLUSION Bipolar disorder effects both the moods and the behaviours of the individuals. It divides into 2 main parts as; Manic episode Depressive episode
CONCLUSION The common symptoms of bipolar disorder are Changes in mood Changes in behaviour
CONCLUSION There are various ways of treatment for bipolar disorder. Comprehensive Medication Theories Complementary
REFERENCES Bipolar Disorder: Treatment and Care. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/bipolar- disorder/guide/bipolar-disorder-treatment-care Bipolar Disorder Treatment. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://www.helpguide.org/articles/bipolar- disorder/bipolar-disorder-treatment.htm Bipolar Disorder. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar- disorder/index.shtml What Is Bipolar Disorder? Definition and Facts. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/mental-health-bipolar-disorder