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The Weight Crisis. What causes people to be overweight?

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Presentation on theme: "The Weight Crisis. What causes people to be overweight?"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Weight Crisis

2 What causes people to be overweight?

3 What is “overweight”?  A condition wherein the person weighs over and above his normal weight according to his height, age and gender.  BMI (Body mass index) is between 25 and 29.9

4 What is Obesity?  Obesity means having too much body fat.  It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much.  A person may be overweight from extra muscle, bone, or water, as well as from having too much fat.  Both terms mean that a person's weight is higher than what is thought to be healthy for his or her height.

5 How is weight calculated  For adults, overweight and obesity ranges are determined by using weight and height to calculate a number called the "body mass index" (BMI).

6 Body Mass Index

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8 Causes of Obesity  Inactive Lifestyle  Environment  Genetics  Health Conditions  Medications  Emotions  Smoking  Age  Pregnancy  Lack of Sleep

9 Health Problems  High blood pressure  Type 2 diabetes  Elevated blood cholesterol levels  Sleep Apnea  Allergies  Cancer  Digestive problems  Arthritis  Liver and Gall Bladder disease  Higher and Earlier Death Rate

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13 Fast Food?  How does it effect the weight of people?

14 Did you know?  Today, about one in three American kids and teens is overweight or obese  Overweight kids have a 70–80 percent chance of staying overweight their entire lives.  Obese and overweight adults now outnumber those at a healthy weight; nearly seven in 10 U.S. adults are overweight or obese.  Obesity is the #2 cause of preventable death in the United States  60 million Americans, 20 years and older are obese  9 million children and teens ages 6-19 are overweight


16 Psychological Issues  Low self-esteem  Negative body image  Depression

17 Causes of Childhood Obesity  Portions are growing  Poor Nutrition  Eating out more  Moving Less  Technology?  Outdoor safety  Food Advertising

18 BMI for Children  Based on a child’s weight and age.  It is a comparison to the other children that age.  Children and teens whose BMI-for-age is:  In the 95th percentile or higher are considered obese.  Between the 85th and less than the 95th percentile are considered overweight.  Between the 5th and less than the 85th percentile are considered normal weight.  Below the 5th percentile are considered underweight.

19 Discussion  How do you feel about BMI?  Do you believe in it?  What is good and bad about it?

20 Body Fat Percentage  The body fat percentage of a human or other living being is the total mass of fat divided by total body mass.  The percentage of essential body fat for women is greater than that for men, due to the demands of childbearing and other hormonal functions.  The percentage of essential fat is 2–5% in men, and 10–13% in women.


22 Muscle vs. Fat



25 Four Types of Exercise  Endurance  Increase your breathing and heart rate  Brisk walking or jogging  Yard work (mowing, raking, digging)  Dancing  Swimming  Biking  Climbing stairs or hills  Playing tennis  Playing basketball  Strength  Makes your muscles stronger  Lifting weights  Using a resistance band  Sit ups, push ups  Balance  Helps prevent falls  Standing on one foot  Heel-to-toe walk  Tai Chi  Flexibility  stretch your muscles and can help your body stay limber  Shoulder and upper arm stretch  Calf stretch  Yoga

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27 Weight Loss Motivators  Biggest Loser  Fad Diets  Quick Fixes

28 How many calories in a pound?  3500 calories = 1 pound  What does that mean?

29 How to fix the weight problem  Exercise  Follow the food guide pyramid  Watch portion sizes  Limit sugar, salt, and oils

30 Organizations  Play 60  Get America Fit Foundation  Jump Rope for Heart  Shape-up America

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