4 10 Most Significant Inventors of the 19th Century 1. Thomas EdisonThomas Edison and his workshop patented 1,093 inventions. Included in this were the phonograph, the incandescent light bulb, and the motion picture. He was the most famous inventor of his time and his inventions had a huge impact on America's growth and history.2. Samuel F. B. MorseSamuel Morse invented the telegraph which greatly increased the ability of information to move from one location to another. Along with the creation of the telegraph, he invented morse code which is still learned and used today.3. Alexander Graham BellAlexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in This invention allowed communication to extend to individuals. Before the telephone businesses had to rely on the telegraph.4. Elias Howe/Isaac SingerElias Hower and Isaac Singer both were involved in the invention of the sewing machine. This revolutionized the garment industry and made the Singer corporation one of the first modern industries.5. Cyrus McCormickCyrus McCormick invented the mechanical reaper which made the harvesting of grain more efficient and faster. This helped farmers have more time to devote to other chores.6. George EastmanGeorge Eastman invented the Kodak camera. This inexpensive box camera allowed individual to take black and white pictures to preserve their memories and historical events.7. Charles GoodyearCharles Goodyear invented vulcanized rubber. This technique allowed rubber to have many more uses due to its ability to stand up to bad weather. Interestingly, many believe the technique was found by mistake. Rubber became important in industry as it could withstand large amounts of pressure.8. Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla invented many important items including fluorescent lighting and the alternating current (AC) electrical power system. He also is credited with inventing the radio. The Tesla Coil is used in many items today including the modern radio and television.9. George WestinghouseGeorge Westinghouse held the patent to many important inventions. Two of his most important inventions were the transformer which allowed electricity to be sent over long distances and the air brake. The latter invention allowed conductors to have the ability to stop a train. Previous to the invention, each car had its own brakeman who manually put on the brakes for that car.10. Dr. Richard GatlingDr. Richard Gatling invented a rudimentary machine gun that was used to a limited degree by the Union in the Civil War. However, they were used extensively in the Spanish-American War.
5 InventionsPatent- is a license granted by a government for a new invention giving an inventor exclusive rights to make or sell an inventionThe number of inventions registered with the US Patent Office:,596,027,921,000+ ; Averaging 60 patents a day
6 The Invention of the Telegraph- Better Communication numerous people experimented with ways to communicate over distancesnumerous scientists experimented with electricity: Ampere, Volta, Gauss and others1753: Scottish magazine suggests a system of insulated wires, one for each letter!1825: Pavel Ludovich Schilling: wire needles1833 Gauss, Weber: galvanometer telegraph1837: Wheatstone, chronometric telegraph
7 Samuel F. B. Morse( )returning (by ship) from Europe in 1832, Samuel F. B. Morse hears about Ampere’s experiments with electricity:“If this be so, and the presence of electricity can be made visible in any desired part of the circuit, I see no reason why intelligence might not be instantaneously transmitted by electricity to any distance.”
9 The Atlantic CableEstablished to carry instantaneous communications across the oceans for the first time.Although seen as a landmark event by society, it was a technical failure, remaining in service only a few weeks in 1858.Later cables laid in 1866 were completely successful and compare to the landing of men on the moon a century later.
10 Inventors and Inventions Alexander Graham Bell ( )Patented the telephone (1876)
11 The Telephone Telephono - Greek words tele for “far” phono for “sound” “an instrument for the transmission of articulate speech by the electric current” - (definition of telephone from Bell’s 1876 patent application)“As to Bell’s talking telegraph, it only creates interest in scientific circles its commercial values will be limited “ (Elisha Gray, telephone inventor runner-up, June 1876)
12 A Brief HistoryTwo patents were filed on same day (February 14, 1876) by Alexander Bell, and Elisha Gray (Bell beat him by two hours). It would turn out to be the most valuable patent ever issued.The immortal words: “Mr. Watson -- come here -- I want to see you” were yelled on March 10, 1876, after many years of frustration, and after the patent application
13 Simultaneous Invention ? Bell’s drawing of the acidtransmitter, March 9, 1876Gray’s version, Feb. 11
14 Almost “Ma Gray”Gray could have patented telephone earlier, but he (and his colleagues, patent attorney and investors) could not see how it could be used for anything more than a toy. He thought the multiplexing telegraph was more important.Bell ignored his investors. He was convinced that voice transmission was the future “the day is coming when telegraph wire will be laid on to houses just like water and gas - and friends converse with each other without leaving home”
15 Bell’s InventionModels of the first electric telephone liquid transmitter (left)and tuned-reed receiver (right)
24 Edison’s InventionsMimeograph with electric pen
25 Inventors and Inventions With financial backing of J. P. Morgan, Edison opened a power station in New York— Edison General Electric Company (1882)
26 Inventors and Inventions Edison spent the last ten years of his life working on a device that he hoped would enable the living to communicate with the dead.Inventions of the last half of the 1800s revolutionized American lifestyles.
27 First in Flight- Wright Brothers 1903 At Kitty Hawk, NC on December 17, 1903 the first “flying machine” took flight.Brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright, two bicycle repair mechanics from Ohio, invented a plane powered by a small gas engine.
28 Henry Ford and the Assembly Line 1913 It was Henry Ford who made the Automobile part of everyday American lifeBy creating a moving assembly line it greatly reduced the time needed to build a car and therefore reduced the cost to make and buy one.The assembly line allowed for the mass production of automobiles