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**Order of Operations What are the four math operations? Addition**

Subtraction Multiplication Division

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Order of Operations Math has rules that we all have to follow so we will all come up with the same (correct) solution! One of the rules or procedures we follow is the “Order of Operations.” The “Order of Operations” is just that— the order in which we perform an operation in a math problem.

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Order of Operations We may use a simple sentence to help us remember the Order of Operations. Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally

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**Order of Operations Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally stands for**

Parentheses Exponents Multiplication and Division in order, from left to right Addition and Subtraction Another way to remember is PEMDAS

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**Order of Operations IMPORTANT!!!**

Multiplication and division are equal operations. Addition and subtraction are equal operations That means if we have both multiplication and division in a problem, we work straight across (left to right) as we perform those two operations. That means if we have both addition and subtraction in a problem, we work straight across (left to right)as we perform those two operations.

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Order of Operations Just because “multiplication” comes before “division” in PEMDAS, that does not mean we perform the the multiplication operations before the division operations. Just because “addition” comes before “subtraction” in PEMDAS, that does not mean we perform the addition operations before the subtraction operations.

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**Order of Operations REMEMBER!!!**

Multiplication and division are equal operations—we perform them left to right, in the order they are in the problem. Addition and subtraction are equal operations—we perform them left to right, in the order they are in the problem.

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Order of Operations So, let’s work a few problems using the Order of Operations (PEMDAS) First, we look to see if there are any parentheses in the problem. If so, we do what is inside the parentheses first. Second, we look to see if there are any exponents in the problem. If so, we work that out second.

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**Order of Operations We always show our work!!**

Next, we look for multiplication or division. -- If we have either, or both, we work those out, going straight across from left to right. Last, we look for addition or subtraction. -- If we have either, or both, we work those out, going straight across from left to right. We always show our work!!

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Order of Operations Example 40 ÷ 2 · 4 – 2= 20 · 4 – 2 = 80 – 2 = 78

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**Order of Operations Let’s try another problem 15 + 5 – 14 + 6 =**

20 – = 6 + 6 = 12

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**Order of Operations 74 + (17 – 6) · (6 ÷ 2) = 74 + 11 · 3 =**

· = = 107 = 107

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Order of Operations To multiply powers of the same base, add the exponents: 2⁴ · 2⁶ = 2⁴⁺⁶ = 2¹⁰ 3 · 3⁵ · 3² = 3¹⁺⁵⁺² = 3⁸ Don’t forget 3 = 3¹

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Order of Operations To multiply different bases with the same exponents: Write down the exponent. Multiply the bases. 3² · 5² · 2² = 30² Solve the equation to check your work. 9 · 25 · 4 = 900 9 · 100 = 900 900 = 900

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Order of Operations Sheila Stueve Capital City School Fall 2009

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