Presentation on theme: "Tools for national MDG monitoring Lao PDR"— Presentation transcript:
1 Tools for national MDG monitoring Lao PDR Country Presentation:Tools for national MDG monitoring Lao PDRPresented by : Thirakha CHANTHALANOUVONGLao Department of statisticsMinistry of Planning and InvetmentThe International Conference on the Millennium Development Goals Statistics (ICMDGS)October 19-21, 2011, Philippines, Manila
2 Country Background L a o P D R China Myanmar Vietnam Thailand Cambodia 2
3 Contents Back ground information of Laos MDG monitoring in Laos Eases and difficulties in attaining MDG in 2015Priorities given by Lao government.33
4 Back ground information of Laos Population (million) : 6.2 millionArea (sq.km) :Population Growth Rate (percent): 2.5Infant Mortality Rate (per thousand): 70Under 5 Mortality Rate (per thousand): 97.6Life Expectancy at Birth(year)Female : 63Male : 5944
5 Back ground information of Laos (Cont.) Adult Literacy Rate (percent)Female : 63.2Male : 82.5Per capita GDP(US$) : 1 08755
6 MDG Monitoring in Laos- Establishment of National Supervisory Committee (2003)- Membership at Ministerial level from line Ministries- Chaired by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs- Established MDG National Secretariat to monitor and report on MDG66
7 MDG Monitoring in Laos (Cont.) - MDGs incorporated into NSEDP- NSEDP is more ambitious than MDGs- NSEDP to halve poverty by 2005 and to fundamentally eradicate poverty by 2015- Long term goal of exit the Least Developed Status by 2020First National Report on MDGs in 2004Second National Report on MDGs in 200877
8 MDG Monitoring in Laos (Cont.) Government investment for data collection:Population and Housing Census: 1985, 1995, 2005.Lao Expenditure and Consumption Survey: 1992/93, 1997/98, 2002/03, 2007/2008.Agricultural Census: 1997/98, 2010/2011.Lao Reproductive Health Survey: 1994, 2000, 2005.Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey: 1994, 2000, 2006.Economic Census: 2006.Lao Social Indicator Survey: 2011/12.88
9 Goal 1: Eradicate Poverty and Hunger Proportion of population below poverty line99
10 Goal 1: Eradicate Poverty and Hunger Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age1010
11 Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Some progress, but concern on disparity between boys and girlsIndicator Baseline for Most Recent TargetLao PDR Status for Lao PDR006: Net enrolment % (1991) 84% (2005) 98%in primary school007: Proportion of pupils % (1991) 62% (2005) 95%Starting grade 1 whoReach grade 5008: Literacy rate in the agegroup year % (2001) % (2005) 99%
13 Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5
14 Goal 3: Promote Gender Equity & Empower of Women Proportion of seats held by women in parliament
15 Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality There has been a gradual improvement but we are stillamong the poorest in the region.Indicator Baseline for Most Recent TargetLao PDR Status for Lao PDR013: U5 mortality rate 170 (1995) 98 (2005) 80(deaths per 1,000live births)014: Infant mortality 104 (1995) (2005) 49015: Proportion of 68% (1995) 69% (2005) 90%one-year old immunizedagainst measles
16 Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality Infant Mortality Rate and Under 5 Mortality rate (per 1,000 LB)
17 Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health The Lao PDR has made progress in MMR.Indicator Baseline for Most Recent TargetLao PDR Status5.1. Maternal mortality rate (1995) (2005)5.2. Proportion of births (1994) (2005)attended by skill birthpersonnelNeed more investment, particularly in the rural areas, in antenatalcare, in the training of more birth attendants and in the promotion of maternal health at the community level.
18 Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria & Other Diseases Low prevalence of HIV/AIDS, but remains at risk(National Policy on HIV/AIDS/STI and Introduced asecond-generation surveillance system)Malaria has consistently been among the top three causes of reportedmorbidity and mortality.Indicator Baseline for Most Recent TargetLao PDR Status6.1. HIV prevalence among (2001) (2007) <1general population (%)6.2. Death rates associated (1990) (2006)with malaria
19 Goal 7: Esuring Environmental Sustainability (Cont.) Lao PDR is not a major contributor to climate change, but concern on land forest cover.Recognition of the importance of forestry and biodiversity conservation:established 20 national Biodiversity Conservation Areas, plus two corridor areas, that cover 14.3 percent of the country’s area.Set the target for putting an end to slash-and-burn cultivation by 2010 and to establish 500,000 hectares of new tree plantation for the period from 2000 to 2020.
20 Goal 7: Esuring Environmental Sustainability (Cont.) Indicator Baseline for Most Recent TargetLao PDR Status7.1. Proportion of land area (1992) (2002) Under consideredcovered by forests(%)7.2. CO2 emissions, total, (1999) (2006) per capital and per US$1GDP (PPP) and consumptionOf ozone-depleting substances(metric tonnes)7.3. proportion of total water 2 (1999) (2006)resources used (%)
21 Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership For Development Target 8A. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial systemIndicator Baseline for Most Recent TargetLao PDR Status8.1. Average tariffs on exports (1990) (2005)of agriculture products, clothingand textiles to develop market withWhich Lao PDR has- MFN status (1990) (2005)8.3. The border cost related , (2005)to importing one container(US$ per container)8.4. The border cost related , (2005)to exporting one container
22 Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership For Development (Cont.) Target 8C. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countriesIndicator Baseline for Most Recent TargetLao PDR Status8.7. ODA received asProportion of its GDP (2002) (2005)In US$ per capital (2002) (2006)Proportion of ODA (1990) (2006)Grants to LDCs that goesTo Lao PDRNet ODA received (1995) (2006)From OECD/DAC donorsBy Lao PDR as percent ofIts GDP
23 Eases and Difficuties in attaining MDG by 2015 Supportive conditions:Strong commitment from the governmentMDGs has been incorporated in National Socio-Economic Development Plan.Economic Growths at considerable satisfactory rates (at the average of 6.5% from )Poverty incidence has been remarkably reduced.
24 Eases and Difficuties in attaining MDG by 2015 Constraints:Lack of fund and budgetLow human resource developmentLow awareness on MDGs
25 Priorities given by Lao Government To effectively implement National Socio-Economic Development ( )Mobilize resourcesMobilize participation of all governmental agencies and the public.