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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Kyle Johnson, Patricia Powell, Jesse Goyzueta, Ashten Watts.

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Presentation on theme: "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Kyle Johnson, Patricia Powell, Jesse Goyzueta, Ashten Watts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Kyle Johnson, Patricia Powell, Jesse Goyzueta, Ashten Watts

2 What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?  PTSD is a mental disorder that stems from a traumatic event such as combat, assault, or disaster.  Most commonly seen in war veterans. Police officers and ER nurses are also groups that have repeated exposure to traumatic sights and events.  Some people that are exposed to traumatic events may not even develop PTSD while some others develop the full disorder.

3 How recent is it?  PTSD wasn’t added to the DSM until 1980 when psychiatrists decided it was it’s own disease.  It was very controversial when it was first introduced as a disorder.  It was recently changed in the DSM-5 because of the group change and all the new information we have learned recently  It is based under “trauma and stressor related disorders” instead of fear based anxiety disorders in the DSM-5 now.

4 Do you have PTSD?  You have to meet certain criterion to be diagnosed with this disorder  Psychiatrists had to define traumatic because people have different traumatic thresholds  Ordinary stressors like divorce, serious illness, failure, etc. are ordinary stressors and are not considered traumatic  You cannot be traumatized if you see an event through electronic media, but repeated indirect exposure can be considered traumatic

5 Symptoms  -Recurring distressing dreams -Flashbacks -Distress at exposure to reminders of event -Avoiding thoughts and feelings associated with trauma -Feeling detached -Outbursts of anger -Difficulty concentrating

6 Populations  War Vets PTSD Stats Iraqi Freedom Operations- 11-20 out of 100 (11-20%) Gulf War- 12 out of 100 (12%) Vietnam War- 15 out of 100 (15%) Children PTSD Boys 1-6% chance of developing PTSD Girls 3-15% chance of developing PTSD

7 Treatments  Cognitive behavioral therapy  EDMR  Medication

8 Cognitive Behavioral Therapy  Uses questions, stories, and metaphors  Helps patient deal with negative feelings and false thoughts  Helps patient process information in a healthy way

9 EDMR  Non-traditional  Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing  Uses eye movements and motion to trigger different functions of the mind and brain

10 Medication  The use of medications to counter symptoms and mood issues  Inhibits or excites depends on medication and symptom  Primarily used to counteract serotonin and noreponeprine issues in the brain

11 References  Barlow, D. H., & Durand, M. V. (2012). Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth  Bossini, L., Fagionlini, A., & Castrogiovanni, P. (2007). "Neuroanatomical Changes After Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Treatment in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder." The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 19(4), pp. 475–476  Friedman, M. (2014, March 25). PTSD History and Overview. Retrieved July 7, 2015, from overview.asp overview.asp  Jeffreys, M. D. (2015). Atypical antipsychotics and anticonvulsants in the treatment of PTSD: Treatment options That include cognitive behavioral therapies. In N. C. Bernardy, M. J. Friedman, N. C. Bernardy, M. J. Friedman (Eds.), A practical guide to PTSD treatment: Pharmacological and psychotherapeutic approaches (pp. 89-99). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. doi:10.1037/14522-007  Otto, M. W. (2000). Stories and metaphors in cognitive-behavior therapy. Cognitive And Behavioral Practice, 7(2), 166-172. doi:10.1016/S1077- 7229(00)80027-9  Treatment, Center For Substance Abuse. Appendix E: DSM-IV-TR Criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 30 June 2015..  "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Rape Survivors." Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Rape Survivors. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 July 2015..  "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder." Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 July 2015..  Alacorn, Nefi "22 Veterans Kill Themselves Every Day -" CNN. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 04 July 2015.   "Make The Connection." PTSD. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 July 2015..

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