What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder? PTSD is a mental disorder that stems from a traumatic event such as combat, assault, or disaster. Most commonly seen in war veterans. Police officers and ER nurses are also groups that have repeated exposure to traumatic sights and events. Some people that are exposed to traumatic events may not even develop PTSD while some others develop the full disorder.
How recent is it? PTSD wasn’t added to the DSM until 1980 when psychiatrists decided it was it’s own disease. It was very controversial when it was first introduced as a disorder. It was recently changed in the DSM-5 because of the group change and all the new information we have learned recently It is based under “trauma and stressor related disorders” instead of fear based anxiety disorders in the DSM-5 now.
Do you have PTSD? You have to meet certain criterion to be diagnosed with this disorder Psychiatrists had to define traumatic because people have different traumatic thresholds Ordinary stressors like divorce, serious illness, failure, etc. are ordinary stressors and are not considered traumatic You cannot be traumatized if you see an event through electronic media, but repeated indirect exposure can be considered traumatic
Symptoms -Recurring distressing dreams -Flashbacks -Distress at exposure to reminders of event -Avoiding thoughts and feelings associated with trauma -Feeling detached -Outbursts of anger -Difficulty concentrating
Populations War Vets PTSD Stats Iraqi Freedom Operations- 11-20 out of 100 (11-20%) Gulf War- 12 out of 100 (12%) Vietnam War- 15 out of 100 (15%) Children PTSD Boys 1-6% chance of developing PTSD Girls 3-15% chance of developing PTSD
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Uses questions, stories, and metaphors Helps patient deal with negative feelings and false thoughts Helps patient process information in a healthy way
EDMR Non-traditional Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing Uses eye movements and motion to trigger different functions of the mind and brain
Medication The use of medications to counter symptoms and mood issues Inhibits or excites depends on medication and symptom Primarily used to counteract serotonin and noreponeprine issues in the brain
References Barlow, D. H., & Durand, M. V. (2012). Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Bossini, L., Fagionlini, A., & Castrogiovanni, P. (2007). "Neuroanatomical Changes After Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Treatment in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder." The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 19(4), pp. 475–476 Friedman, M. (2014, March 25). PTSD History and Overview. Retrieved July 7, 2015, from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/PTSD-overview/ptsd- overview.asphttp://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/PTSD-overview/ptsd- overview.asp Jeffreys, M. D. (2015). Atypical antipsychotics and anticonvulsants in the treatment of PTSD: Treatment options That include cognitive behavioral therapies. In N. C. Bernardy, M. J. Friedman, N. C. Bernardy, M. J. Friedman (Eds.), A practical guide to PTSD treatment: Pharmacological and psychotherapeutic approaches (pp. 89-99). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. doi:10.1037/14522-007 Otto, M. W. (2000). Stories and metaphors in cognitive-behavior therapy. Cognitive And Behavioral Practice, 7(2), 166-172. doi:10.1016/S1077- 7229(00)80027-9 Treatment, Center For Substance Abuse. Appendix E: DSM-IV-TR Criteria for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 30 June 2015..http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK83241/ "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Rape Survivors." Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Rape Survivors. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 July 2015.. "Post Traumatic Stress Disorder." Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 July 2015..http://www.ptsd.ne.gov/what-is-ptsd.html Alacorn, Nefi "22 Veterans Kill Themselves Every Day - CNNPolitics.com." CNN. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 04 July 2015. http://www.cnn.com/2015/02/04/politics/22-veterans-kill-themselves-every-day/ "Make The Connection." PTSD. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 July 2015..http://maketheconnection.net/conditions/ptsd?gclid=CKr7sa-0wMYCFdgLgQodad0MNA