5 5 Why was Islam able to spread so rapidly? 1 pt each Weak Byzantine and Persian Empires Treatment of conquered people Unifying religion
What are the 3 holiest cities in Islam. 2 pts Mecca Medina Jerusalem
Shiite – believed only descendants of Muhammad should be his successor; believed the descendants were divinely inspired. Divisions in Islam- explain- 3 pts Sunni – believed the caliph should be chosen by Muslim leaders; do not view his as a religious authority.
Umayyad Dynasty (661 – 750) What was the first Islamic dynasty? 2 pts
What was the furthest Islam spread to the west? 2 pts Cordoba, Spain
Genghis Khan conquered Islamic lands. What empire was he a part of? 1 pt Mongols
Abbassid Dynasty Captured Damascus in 750 and ruled until the mid 1200s. Ended Arab domination of Islam. Centered in Baghdad Adopted Persian style government Golden Age of Islam Around 850, rule began to decline as independent dynasties began to rule separate Muslim states. Name the Dynasty- 1 pt
What is a golden age? A time of heightened prosperity in a civilization that could include achievements in the arts and sciences.
Why did Islam experience a Golden Age? 1 pt. each Extensive and prosperous trade (banks, credit) Manufacturing Treatment of conquered people Military conquests
What accomplishments did they have? Be specific 1 pt each Astronomy, Literature, Mathematics, Education, Medicine
What was the first Islamic empire In India? 2 pts The Delhi Sultanate
What was the second Islamic civilization in India, ruled by Akbar the Great? 1 pt The Mughals
What city did the Ottoman Turks capture in 1453? Constantinople
The Safavids set up an empire that was in what present day country? 1 pt. Iran
What legacy did the Safavids leave in Iran? Shiite Muslims
Effects Acts of violence against Muslims and “Arab looking” United States citizens skyrocketed. Widespread ignorance and prejudice swept across America.
Terrorism? Facts: -U.S. government estimates there are roughly 3,000 active members of Al Qaeda -Roughly 1,200,000,000 Muslims in the world -Therefore.0000025% of Muslims are members of the terrorist group, Al Qaeda!!
Most Important Information Golden Age = advances in math, science and medicine Empire = Spain, North Africa and Arabian Peninsula Preserved Greek and Roman learning (Greco-Roman)