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CLIL Activity – I.T.I.S. “C. Zuccante” 5ISB – School Year 2005/06

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Presentation on theme: "CLIL Activity – I.T.I.S. “C. Zuccante” 5ISB – School Year 2005/06"— Presentation transcript:

1 CLIL Activity – I.T.I.S. “C. Zuccante” 5ISB – School Year 2005/06
STRUCTURED CABLING Final Exam Compendium A. Memo

2 Brain storm What’s structured cabling?
What’s the meaning of “structured”? What’s the meaning of “standardisation”? Is my house cabled? Where, when and how was cabled? Why the law covers the structured cabling problem?

3 Objectives Structured cabling systems Terminology Passive Devices
Cross Connect technology Documentation Installation technique Mini-glossary for the final exam

4 Structured Cabling Systems
Structured cabling is a method for creating an organized cabling system that can be easily understood by installers , network administrators , and any other technicians that deal with cables

5 Structured Cabling Systems
Rules of Structured Cabling for LANs look for a complete connectivity solution plan for future growth maintain freedom of choice in vendors

6 Subsystems of Structured Cabling
Antenna Entrance Telecommunications Room/Closet Backbone Pathway Tie Pathway Horizontal Pathway Telecommunications Room/Closet Equipment Room/Closet Backbone Pathways Horizontal Pathway Demarcation Point Entrance Room/Closet Main Terminal Space (Entrance Facility) Telecommunications Outlet Interbuilding Backbone Alternate Entrance Work Area

7 Subsystems of Structured Cabling
Demarcation Point punto di demarcazione between outside service provider cables and customer cables dorsale tra edifici Interbuilding Backbone accesso alternativo Alternate Entrance

8 Subsystems of Structured Cabling
presa di rete Telecommunications Outlet Work Area area di lavoro

9 Subsystems of Structured Cabling
Telecommunications Room/Closet stanza dei dispositivi stanza / armadio di permutazione di piano Equipment Room/Closet canalizzazione orizzontale o di piano Horizontal Pathway Entrance Room / Closet Main Terminal Space (Entrance Facility) stanza / armadio d’accesso principale (interconnessione interbuilding-intrabuilding)

10 Subsystems of Structured Cabling
Tie Pathway canala passacavi Backbone Pathway Backbone Pathways canalizzazione di dorsale o canalizzazione verticale o canalizzazione di edificio

11 Subsystems of Structured Cabling
Antenna Entrance ingresso d’antenna

12 Subsystems of Structured Cabling
other diagram example ? ? ? ? ?

13 Subsystems of Structured Cabling a larger example
Building A Horizontal Cabling Building C Telecommunication Outlet Floor Distributor / Telecommunication Closet Building B Building Backbone Building Distributor / Telecommunication Closet Campus Backbone Campus Distributor / Telecommunication Closet campus comprensorio

14 Cabling logical diagram
Campus Distributor / Main cross Connect Campus Backbone Building Distributor / Intermediate cross Connect Building backbone or vertical cabling Floor Distributor / Horizontal cross Connect Telecommunication Closets horizontal cabling Telecommunication Outlets optional cabling (not allowed) optional Transition Point

15 Campus Equipment Room to Building Distributor / Intermediate cross Connect more complex than Telecommunication Closet Cables from Service Provider Tie Pathway for cables to electronic devices Electronic Devices Main cross Connect

16 Demarcation Point plywood panel

17 Telecommunications Room
Patch Panel (front) Distribution Rack

18 Telecommunication Closet

19 Raceways A raceway is a channel that contains cables.
Raceways include common electrical conduits , specialized cable trays or ladder racks , in-floor duct systems , and plastic or metal surface mounted raceways.

20 Patch Panel

21 Patch panel and Patch Cord
Panel for UTP cables with 16 RJ45 Panel with telephonic cross-connect Panel for optical fiber with 16 SC connectors Optical Patch Cord Patch Cord

22 Patch panel and Patch Cord
Data Voice Telecommunication Closet Telecommunication Outlet

23 Telecommunications Closet
Horizontal Cabling Telecommunications Closet Work Area I2 horizontal cabling 90 m I3 I3 I1 HC I1 + I2 + I3 = 10 m = cross-connect I1 = work area cable I2 = patch cord I3 = equipment cable = telecommunication outlet = transition point

24 Telecommunication Outlet
four pairs cable directly connected on RJ45 socket four pairs cable connected on plug RJ45 adapter

25 Working Area work area at least two outlet about 10 m2 patch Work Area
max 90 m Work Area Cable

26 Wall Socket (receptacle ) or Telecommunication Outlet
RJ45: socket and plug RJ45 Wall Socket (receptacle ) or Telecommunication Outlet RJ45 jack or plug (male)

27 TIA/EIA Standard ALTERNATE (T568A) PREFER (T568B) PAIR 2 PAIR 3 PAIR 3
W G W BL W O W BR G O BL BR W O W BL W G W BR O G BL BR JACK POSITIONS JACK POSITIONS

28 Language Tip: colour (UK) or color (USA)
UTP cable Pair Wire White/Blue 1 Blue/White Blue White/Orange 2 Orange/White Orange White/Green 3 Green/White Green White/Brown 4 Brown/White Brown The solid colored wire is called “ring” and the stripe wire is called "tip". Language Tip: colour (UK) or color (USA)

29 for the final exam Documentation: Installation technique:
how to describe the structured cabling for the assigned network design Installation technique: UTP cat. 5 installation: do and don’t making a UTP patch cable Mini-glossary Vocabulary

30 UFFICI O AMMINISTRATIVO
Document: 1. Topology SERVIZI VANO SCALE ACCOGLIENZA SALA CONSULTAZIONE SALA PRESTITI SALA WIRELESS FIRST FLOOR SECOND FLOOR UFFICI BIBLIOTECA SALA MACCHINE VANO SCALE UFFICI O AMMINISTRATIVO VANO SCALE UFFICIO TECNICO THIRD FLOOR UFFICIO PERSONALE UFFICIO ACQUISTI DIRIGENTE MAGAZZINI DI CONSERVAZIONE

31 Document: 2. Cabling layout
SERVIZI VANO SCALE ACCOGLIENZA SALA CONSULTAZIONE SALA PRESTITI SALA WIRELESS PIANO TERRA UFFICI BIBLIOTECA VANO SCALE SALA MACCHINE PRIMO PIANO MAGAZZINI DI CONSERVAZIONE MC TC11 TC12 TC21 TC01 EF TC01 MC TC02 TC03 EF LEGENDA MC Main cross Connect EF Entrance Facility TC01 Telecommunication Closet PT (Prestiti+Accoglienza) TC02 Telecommunication Closet PT (Wireless) TC03 Telecommunication Closet PT (Consultazione) TC11 Telecommunication Closet PP (Biblioteca) TC12 Telecommunication Closet PP (Magazzino) TC21 Telecommunication Closet SP (all the Officies) Backbone Pathway Horizontal Pathway UFFICI O AMMINISTRATIVO VANO SCALE UFFICIO TECNICO SECONDO PIANO UFFICIO PERSONALE UFFICIO ACQUISTI DIRIGENTE TC21 MC

32 Document: 3. Logic Diagram
EF MC TC01 TC02 TC03 TC11 TC12 TC21 TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx

33 Documentation: alternative view

34 Document: 4. Media 5. Connectors
from EF to MC multimodal optical fiber from MC to TC01 multimodal optical fiber from MC to TC21 multimodal optical fiber from MC to TC1x UTP cable, cat.5 from TC01 to TC02 UTP cable, cat.5 from TC01 to TC03 UTP cable, cat.5 from TCxx to TOxx UTP cable, cat.5 CONNECTORS Optical Fiber: ST UTP: RJ45 (TIA 568B)

35 Document: 6. Telecommunication Closet
third floor FO link SW 21 PP 21 TC21 second floor modem FO link router SW P SW CS PP CS MC SW 11 PP 11 TC11 SW 12 PP 12 TC12 FO link SW 01 PP 01 TC01 SW 02 PP 02 TC02 SW 03 PP 03 TC03 first floor

36 Document: 7. Cross Connection
position connection patch description PP CS-1 EF modem ISP connection PP CS-2 PP 01-1 SW CS-1 uplink to SW01 PP CS-3 PP 01-2 SW CS-2 uplink to SW02 PP CS-4 PP 01-3 SW CS-3 uplink to SW03 PP CS-5 PP 01-4 SW CS-4 uplink to SW04 …… PP CS-xx TOxx SW CS-xx to a Telcom. Outlet ---- router patch from modem to router SW CS-yy patch from router to switch

37 Document: 8. LAN Diagram LEGEND optical fiber (802.3 ab)
SW 21 FO prt uff UP second floor modem router SW P server TLC SW 02 AP Sala ric. mob SW 01 pres Sala prest. prn Atrio self SW 03 Sala cons. SW 11 bibli dirig Uff. biblio. scan SW 12 mag Magazzino SW CS LEGEND optical fiber (802.3 ab) UTP (802.3 ab, Gigabit) UTP (802.3u Fast Ethernet) legacy (USB, Lpt, Com) wireless

38 Document: 9. Active Devices Specifications

39 Document: 10. IP address

40 Installation technique
CAT.5 installation: do and don’t class category A - B - C 3 D 5e E 6 Please, note the relation between Categories (USA) and Classes (Europe) for UTP cable:

41 CAT.5 Installation CABLE TENSION UNROLLING CABLE
DON’T pull cable with excessive force, as this will alter the cable’s insulation and transmission properties. DO pull cable using less than 25 pounds (11,3 Kg) of pull-force. UNROLLING CABLE DON’T allow the cable to kink, knot or snag while pulling it off the spool or out of the box; deforming the pair-twist will alter the performance of the cable. DO use a cable pulling accessory.

42 RUNNING & SUPPORTING CABLE
CAT.5 Installation RUNNING & SUPPORTING CABLE DON’T overstress cables by overloading …. … and DON’T allow the cable hook to rip or fray the cable. minimum distance between power supply cable and network cable (parallel running) is 15 cm. DO use j-hooks or similar devices designed to support cables.

43 RUNNING & SECURING CABLE
CAT.5 Installation RUNNING & SECURING CABLE DON’T overstress cables by overtightering cable ties, especially to the point where crush stress is visible. DO use tie wraps loosely on large bundles. (see also “Using Tie-wraps”) DO use Velcro tie wraps to secure large bundles. USING WIRE CHANNELS DON’T allow the cable to form right angles or sharp bends. DO use sweeping bends. DO use cable clamps on individual runs.

44 CAT.5 Installation STAPLING CABLE USING TIE-WRAPS
DON’T squish cables when securing them. DO staple by hand, or use staplers with depth stops. DO use Velcro to keep cables from becoming over-cinched. USING TIE-WRAPS DON’T chinch the cables tightly, especially to the point where crush stress is visible. DO tie-wrap the bundle loosely. DO use Velcro as a flexible and reusable alternative to plastic tie-wraps to keep bundles from cinching.

45 MAINTAINING PAIR TWISTS DURING TERMINATION
CAT.5 Installation REMOVING CABLE JACKET DO retain cable jacket as close to the termination point as possible. DON’T remove too much cable jacket. MAINTAINING PAIR TWISTS DURING TERMINATION DON’T untwist the cable pairs more than 12 mm and DON’T strip cable jacket back any more than you need to. DO maintain pair twists to within 12 mm of the termination point, and the cable jacket is maintained as close to the terminations as possible.

46 Making a UTP patch cable
Strip off the jacket for about 2,5 cm. Separate out the 4 pairs of wires Untwist and organize the wires according to the proper colour code and flatten the wires (T568A or T568B). Maintain the colour order and flatness of the wires, then clip their length so that a maximum of 1.2 cm of untwisted wire is present.

47 Making a UTP patch cable
Insert ordered wires into RJ-45 plug; make sure jackets are inserted into plug. Push the wires in firmly enough to make sure the conductors are all visible when you look at the plug from the end. Inspect the colour code and jacket location to be sure they are correct. Insert the plug firmly into the crimp tool and crimp down completely.

48 Fiber Optic connectors

49 Mini-Glossary

50 Vocabulary ST (Straight Tip) A fiber-optic connector which uses the bayonet style coupling. SC type of fiber optic connector (Structured Connector) optical connector with a push-pull mating design. Commonly referred to as Structured Connectors or Stick and Click. UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) a cable that consists of two or more insulated conductors in which each pair of conductors are twisted around each other. RJ45 Registered Jack-45, a telephone connector that holds up to eight wires, used in Ethernet devices T568A/B color coding used for normal network cabling

51 Vocabulary OSI Open Systems Interconnection, the 7-layers suite of protocols designed by ISO committees to be the international standard computer network architecture MDF Main Distribution frame, a distribution frame on one part of which terminate the permanent outside lines entering the central office building and on another part of which terminate the subscriber line multiple cabling, trunk multiple cabling, etc. MMF Multimode Fiberoptic Cable, fiberoptic cable in which the signal or light propagates in multiple modes or paths  

52 Vocabulary 10Base-T An Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers (IEEE) working group designing a specification for 10 Mbps CSMA/CD baseband local area networking (LAN) transmission commonly called Ethernet over twisted-pair wiring. 100Base-T A specification for 100 Mbps - commonly called Fast Ethernet over twisted-pair wiring. 1000Base-T A IEEE 802.3z working group designing a specification for 1000 Mbps - commonly called Gigabit Ethernet. wiring diagram A point to point, highway or airline wiring format which defines the wiring path and color code of wire to and from apparatus components.

53 Vocabulary wire A single metallic conductor, usually solid-drawn and circular in cross section shielded cable Cable with metal tape shield wrapped around the insulated conductors. twisted pair Insulated wire in which pairs are twisted together. rack A structure on which equipment is mounted patch panel A generic device that allows for organizing and connecting the copper and fiber optic cables power cord A three-wire (sometimes two-wire) cord used to make connection with an AC public power supply

54 Vocabulary layout A proposed or actual arrangement or allocation of equipment ground An intentional or accidental connection between an electric circuit or its housing and the ground (earth) fiber optics Thin filaments of glass through which light beams are transmitted over long distances and which can carry enormous amounts of data cable A single wire or group of individual wires in a single sheath cable riser Cable running vertically in a multi-story building to serve the upper floors.

55 Vocabulary cable run Conduit used to run cables through a building. Also the path taken by a cable or group of cables. cable tray Steel trough erected above equipment racks to support cable runs in an equipment room conduit A device used to hold, organize, and protect electrical or optical cables cross connection - A mapping between two channels or paths at a network device backbone The main connectivity device of a distributed system. All systems that have connectivity to the backbone connect to each other antenna A device for transmitting or receiving, or transmitting and receiving signals

56 Vocabulary structured cabling is a set of standards that determine how to wire a building for data or voice communications cable pathway systems providing horizontal, vertical and backbone pathways from your data room to your workstations cable runway o Ladder Rack, horizontal, vertical and backbone pathways for your computer room, telecommunications room and data center closet a cabinet or enclosed recess for telecommunications devices demarcation point the location within a building where the lines from the telephone company connect to the customer's lines.

57 Vocabulary interbuilding intrabuilding outlet telecommunication outlet
jack horizonthal pathway entrance facility

58 Vocabulary building backbone campus backbone building distributor
floor distributor campus distributor cross connect main cross connect

59 Vocabulary intermediate cross connect transition point patch cord


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