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Mrs. Maninder Kaur 1Maninder Kaur

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Presentation on theme: "Mrs. Maninder Kaur 1Maninder Kaur"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mrs. Maninder Kaur 1Maninder Kaur

2 MODEL A Model is representation of reality, ’real world’ objects and events and their associations. A database model is an organizing principle that specifies particular mechanism of data storage and retrieval. The model explains, in terms of services available to an interfacing application, how to access a data element when other related elements are known. 2Maninder Kaur

3 Components of Data Models Structure Part: Consisting of set of rules according to which databases can be constructed. Manipulative Part: Define the types of operation that are allowed on the data. Set of Integrity Rules: Which ensures that data is accurate. 3Maninder Kaur

4 Purpose of Data Model To represent data. To make the data understandable. 4Maninder Kaur

5 Types of Data Models Object Based Data Models Physical Data Models Record Based Logical Data Models 5Maninder Kaur

6 Object Based Data Models It use concepts such as entities, attributes and relationships. Types of Object Based Data Models: * Entity Relationship * Object Oriented * Semantic *Functional 6Maninder Kaur

7 Physical Data Models It describe how data is stored in the computer, representing information such as record structures, record ordering and access paths. Less no. of models are there. 7Maninder Kaur

8 Record Based Logical Data Models oIt is used to specify the overall logical structure of the database and to provide a higher-level description of the implementation. oStructured database in fixed formats. 8Maninder Kaur

9 Types of Record Based Data Models Hierarchical Model Network Model Relational Model 9Maninder Kaur

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